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Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia
At the beginning of the third century, Ephesus asked to build temples to Caracalla and Geta, brother-emperors and sworn enemies. Both agreed, but on separate temples. Caracalla allowed the honor of his to go to Ephesus' patron goddess Artemis. A new temple was to be built for Geta. After Caracalla killed Geta and any sign of worship for the dead brother was eradicated. Based on the youthful portrait and only two neokorie listed in the reverse legend, this coin was likely struck before the temples to Artemis and Geta were approved.RP92639. Bronze AE 23, Apparently unpublished, Karwiese MvE -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Hunter -, SNG Mun -, SNG Turkey -, BMC Ionia -, Lindgren -, Mionnet -, Choice gF, well centered, uneven toning, porous, some legend weak, tiny edge crack, weight 5.660 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, c. 198 - 202 A.D.; obverse AV K M AY ANTΩNINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, without beard, seen from the front; reverse EΦECIΩN B NEOKOIC,PΩN (last O in the lower right field, the last three letters in exergue), Artemis right, bringing down stag right, knee on back and holding antlers; from the Errett Bishop Collection, possibly unique, this is the only specimen of this type known to Forum; extremely rare; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
During Philip's reign the 1000th anniversary of Rome (248 A.D.) was celebrated, and magnificent games were held. This coin was issued as part of that celebration and the reverse undoubted depicts one of the animal types displayed and hunted in the Colosseum during the games.RB87835. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 160a; Cohen V 183, Hunter III 107, SRCV III 9012, VF, nice portrait, well centered, some bumps and scratches, a little rough and porous, edge cracks, traces of shellac(?), weight 16.917 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLARES AVGG (Secular games [provided by] the Emperors), stag standing right, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
Ephesos, Ionia, c. 245 - 202 B.C.
Unpublished but there are eight sales of the type recorded on Coin Archives. The attribution to Ephesus and the date are less than certain. Lacking a legend, this rare issue has been attributed to Ephesos because Artemis and stag types are typical of Ephesos.GS94046. Silver obol, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Kayhan -, SNG Mün -, Klein -, BMC Ionia -; cf. CNG mail bid sale 75, lot 374, VF, etched surfaces, porous, weight 0.388 g, maximum diameter 7.7 mm, die axis 90o, Ephesos(?) mint, c. 245 - 202 B.C. or later; obverse bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse forepart of stag left, head reverted; very rare; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
The "zoo series" of coins calling on Diana to protect the Emperor was struck late in Gallienus' reign. His father, Valerian, had been particularly dedicated to the worship of Diana the Preserver and had dedicated a temple to her at Rome. Diana apparently did not favor Gallienus. Not long after this coin was struck, he was assassinated near Milan while attempting to deal with the usurper Aureolus.RB91182. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 728z, RIC V-1 S176, RSC IV 153, SRCV III 10199, EF, traces of silvering, tight flan, weight 2.712 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 267 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse DIANAE CONS AVG (to Diana protector of the Emperor), doe walking right with head turned back left, E in exergue; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
Magnesia ad Maeander, Ionia, c. 190 - 30 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.GB89370. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 853; SNG Tübingen 2958; BMC Ionia p. 164, 47, aVF, green patina, scratches, light earthen deposits, weight 5.575 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 190 - 30 B.C.; obverse stag standing right, star above left, MAΓNHT below; reverse cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene facing, KPATINOΣ (magistrate Kratinos) downward on left, EYKΛHΣ (magistrate Eukles) downward on right; rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
The reverse legend means "The Secular (Games) of the Emperor." The Secular Games (Latin Ludi Saeculares) was a three-day and three-night celebration, including sacrifices and theatrical performances, to mark the end of a saeculum (supposedly the longest possible length of human life, considered to be either 100 or 110 years in length) and the beginning of another. Alföldi and Göbl, think this type proves Gallienus intended to hold Saecular Games in 264 A.D. At the time, every emperor hoped to be the founder of a new Golden Age. The stag refers to Diana as patroness of the Saecular Games and divine protectress of Gallienus. The palm branch symbol used with the type is also appropriate for anniversary celebrations.RA93249. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1626d, RSC IV 925b var. (bust left), Hunter IV 195 corr. (SAECVLARES), RIC V-1 656 var. (same), SRCV III 10345 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered, much silvering, light bumps and scratches, light deposits, weight 3.103 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 265 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse SAECVLARHS AVG, stag right, palm frond right in exergue; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
Ephesos, Ionia, c. 280 - 258 B.C.
Issued under Seleukid rule.GB93593. Bronze AE 16, cf. BMC Ionia p. 58, 83 ff.; SNG Kayhan 292 ff.; SNG Keckman 221 ff.; SNG Cop 268 f.; SNG Tub 60 f. (various magistrates, most illegible), F, dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, porous, tight flan, weight 4.664 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, c. 280 - 258 B.C.; obverse E−Φ, bee within laurel wreath; reverse stag feeding right, quiver above, illegible magistrate's name in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00 ON RESERVE
Hierocaesarea, Lydia, c. 100 - 150 A.D.
Hierocaesarea from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's', also known as Hieracome or Hierakome, was a town and bishopric in the late Roman province of Lydia, the metropolitan see of which was Sardis. Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica.RP92869. Bronze AE 17, Imhoof-Blumer LS 23; RPC III Online 1854; BMC Lydia p. 103, 6; SNG Cop 176; Waddington 5001; SNGvA -; Weber -, VF, nice green patina, obverse off center, broad flan, weight 3.163 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea (near Sazoba, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 150 A.D.; obverse ΠEPCIKH, bust of Artemis Persica right, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse IEPOKAICA-PE-ΩN (the last two letters in exergue), stag walking right; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
Ephesos, Ionia, c. 390 - 320 B.C.
In 356 B.C. the temple of Artemis was burned down, according to legend, by a lunatic called Herostratus. Ephesus planned a larger, grander temple and at once started rebuilding. When Alexander the Great defeated the Persian forces at the Battle of Granicus in 334 B.C., the Greek cities of Anatolia were liberated. The pro-Persian tyrant Syrpax and his family were stoned to death, and Alexander was greeted warmly when he entered Ephesus in triumph. When Alexander saw that the temple of Artemis was not yet finished, he proposed to finance it and have his name inscribed on the front. But the Ephesians demurred, saying it was not fitting for one god to build a temple to another.GS94113. Silver diobol, SNG Kayhan 204; SNG Cop 242; SNGvA 1835; SNG Munchen 32; SNG Tubingen 2764; BMC Ionia p. 53, 53, VF, dark toning, well centered on a tight flan, remnants of pre-strike flans, weight 0.959 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, c. 390 - 320 B.C.; obverse bee with straight wings, seen from above, E−Φ flanking high across field; reverse confronted heads of two stags, EΦ above center; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
Ephesos, Ionia, c. 390 - 320 B.C.
In 356 B.C. the temple of Artemis was burned down, according to legend, by a lunatic called Herostratus. Ephesus planned a larger, grander temple and at once started rebuilding. When Alexander the Great defeated the Persian forces at the Battle of Granicus in 334 B.C., the Greek cities of Anatolia were liberated. The pro-Persian tyrant Syrpax and his family were stoned to death, and Alexander was greeted warmly when he entered Ephesus in triumph. When Alexander saw that the temple of Artemis was not yet finished, he proposed to finance it and have his name inscribed on the front. But the Ephesians demurred, saying it was not fitting for one god to build a temple to another.GS94115. Silver diobol, SNG Kayhan 194; SNG Cop 243; SNGvA 1835; SNG Munchen 32; BMC Ionia p. 53, 53, aVF, dark tone, off center on a tight flan, weight .0885 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 315o, Ephesos mint, c. 390 - 320 B.C.; obverse bee with straight wings, seen from above; reverse confronted heads of two stags, EΦ above; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00