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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Stag or Doe||View Options:  |  |  | 

Stags or Deer on Ancient Coins
Ephesos, Ionia, Phanes, c. 625 - 600 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit Electrum Plate Over Silver

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia,| |Phanes,| |c.| |625| |-| |600| |B.C.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit| |Electrum| |Plate| |Over| |Silver||1/24| |stater|NEW
The official coin, of which this is an ancient counterfeit, is known to be among the oldest coins because a hemihekte from the issue was in the famous "Artemision Find" excavated from the foundation of the temple of Artemis at Ephesos. Seven different denominations are linked by the stag type, a common weight standard, and reverse die links. The stag is a symbol of Artemis and thus of Ephesus. The two larger denominations bear the name Phanes, who was likely a prominent citizen of Ephesus, perhaps a despot, a magistrate, or a wealthy money-lender. This coin is undoubtedly one of the very first counterfeit coins. Criminal counterfeiters were evidently a problem from the very beginnings of coinage.
SL112770. Fouree electrum plated 1/24 stater, Weidauer - , BMC - ; cf. SNG VA 7773 (not plated), NGC VF (6827718-002), weight 0.435 g, maximum diameter 6.2 mm, unofficial counterfeiter's mint, after c. 625 B.C.; obverse forepart of stag right, head turned left, three pellets before; reverse incuse square with raised lines; photo taken before certification, NGC| Lookup; $800.00 SALE PRICE $720.00


Ephesos, Ionia (or perhaps Bargylia, Caria or Amyntas, King of Galatia), c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia| |(or| |perhaps| |Bargylia,| |Caria| |or| |Amyntas,| |King| |of| |Galatia),| |c.| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||trihemiobol|
The type is most often attributed to Ephesos, but the style and denomination/weight do not strongly support any link to that city. NGC tags for the type note the origin may be Bargylia, Caria. The style certainly fits Bargylia better than Ephesos. The consignor of this coin, a professional numismatist, believes it was struck under Amyntas, King of Galatia, 37 - 25 B.C. Amyntas also issued Artemis and stag types.
GS98643. Silver trihemiobol, cf. SNG Davis 270, SNG Cop -, SNG Kayhan -, SNGvA -, BMC Galatia -, aVF, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 1.337 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos (near Selçuk, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse forepart of stag right, head turned back left; extremely rare; $310.00 SALE PRICE $279.00


Cilicia, 4th Century B.C.

|Cilicia|, |Cilicia,| |4th| |Century| |B.C.||obol|NEW
Attractive artistic style and composition. Perhaps struck at Tarsos under the Persian satrap Mazaios, 361 - 334 B.C.
GS112753. Silver obol, Gktrk 42, SNG BnF 472, SNG Levante 229, SNGvA 5424, Traite II-2 706, gVF, obv. off center but full head on flan, rev. centered, mild porosity/corrosion, weight 0.623 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, uncertain mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse head of Herakles facing, wearing Nemean Lion skin, with scalp on his head; reverse eagle standing left on head of stag, antlers flanking eagle, all in dotted square; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Hierocaesarea, Lydia, c. 100 - 150 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hierocaesarea,| |Lydia,| |c.| |100| |-| |150| |A.D.||AE| |19|
The name Hierocaesarea, is from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's. This town is mentioned by Ptolemy (VI, ii, 16). Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica. The site of Hierocsarea must have been between the modern Turkish villages of Beyova and Sasova, seven or eight miles south-east of Thyatira, on the left bank of the Koum-Chai, a tributary of the Hermus.
RP112030. Bronze AE 19, GRPC Lydia II p. 184, 34, RPC Online III 1867; SNG Cop 173; SNGvA 2956; SNG Mun 136; Weber 6826; BMC Lydia p. 104, 15; Imhoof Bloomer LS Taf. I, 19, aVF, dark green patina, porosity, edge splits, weight 5.167 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea (near Sazoba, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 150 A.D.; obverse Artemis standing left, wearing short chiton, bow in left hand, her right hand on stag, stag is on her right (far) side left looking back and up at her, all in laurel wreath with berries; reverse IEPO KAICAPEΩN, stag standing right; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Selge, Pisidia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Pisidia|, |Selge,| |Pisidia,| |c.| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||chalkous|
Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Kprcay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D., Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths. The remains of the city consist mainly of parts of the encircling wall and of the acropolis. A few traces have survived of the gymnasium, the stoa, the stadium and the basilica. There are also the outlines of two temples, but the best-conserved monument is the theater, restored in the 3rd century A.D.
GB86924. Bronze chalkous, SNG BnF 1979; SNG Cop 263; SNGvA 5288; SNG PfPs 368; BMC Lycia p. 262, 47; SGCV II 5491, gF, tight flan (as usual for the type), weight 3.363 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Selge (southern slope of Mount Taurus, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles right, club over left shoulder; reverse winged thunderbolt, arc (bow?) on right, top end of arc ornamented with a stag head, Σ-Ε-Λ divided low across field; $63.00 SALE PRICE $56.70


Ephesos, Ionia, 48 - 27 B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia,| |48| |-| |27| |B.C.||AE| |24|
As the goddess of the hung, Artemis' most distinctive attributes were her bow, arrows and quiver, hounds and stags, but she was also called the torch-bearing goddess. Artemis was honored at Amphipolis with torch-races called Lampadephoria.
GB110655. Bronze AE 24, SNGvA 1870; SNG Cop 339 var. (M above); BMC Ionia p. 69, 179 var. (A above); SNG Tbingen 2800 var. (same), aF, green patina, scratches, earthen deposits, weight 7.088 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos (near Selçuk, Turkey) mint, 48 - 27 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver on shoulder behind; reverse forepart of stag right, looking back left, flaming long torch behind, Θ above, E-Φ flanking stag's neck, ΔHMTPIOC (magistrate) below; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50


Abdera, Thrace, 386 - 375 B.C.

|Abdera|, |Abdera,| |Thrace,| |386| |-| |375| |B.C.||tetrobol|
In 408 B.C., Abdera was brought under the dominion of Athens. Sacked by Thracian tribes in 376 B.C., the town survived due to the Athenian support.
SH19465. Silver tetrobol, May Abdera 456, SNG Cop 338, aEF, weight 2.793 g, maximum diameter 14.41 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera mint, magistrate Athinis, 386 - 375 B.C.; obverse griffin leaping/flying left; reverse A-ΘH/N-HΣ, stag standing left within incuse square; rare; SOLD


Anatolia (Uncertain Mint), Late 4th - Early 1st Century B.C.

|Other| |Anatolia|, |Anatolia| |(Uncertain| |Mint),| |Late| |4th| |-| |Early| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||diobol|
When Artemis was a child, she found five gigantic hinds (female deer) grazing in Thessaly and captured four of them to draw her chariot. The fifth escaped across a river to Mt. Cerynaea, on the border of Achaea and Arcadia. The Ceryneian or Golden Hind was sacred to Artemis. Although female, it had golden antlers like a stag and hooves of bronze. It was said that it could outrun an arrow in flight. Artemis allowed Heracles to capture the hind, his third labor, after he promised to liberate the animal after completing his task.
GS99390. Silver diobol, apparently unpublished in references; Gktrk -, Klein -, Rosen -, SNG Kayhan -, et al. -, VF, scratches, weight 1.176 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, late 4th - early 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate and draped, bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver behind shoulder; reverse stag reclining right, head turned back left, K upper left; Coin Archives records only one specimen of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; SOLD


Anatolia (Uncertain Mint), Late 4th - Early 1st Century B.C.

|Other| |Anatolia|, |Anatolia| |(Uncertain| |Mint),| |Late| |4th| |-| |Early| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||diobol|
When Artemis was a child, she found five gigantic hinds (female deer) grazing in Thessaly and captured four of them to draw her chariot. The fifth escaped across a river to Mt. Cerynaea, on the border of Achaea and Arcadia. The Ceryneian or Golden Hind was sacred to Artemis. Although female, it had golden antlers like a stag and hooves of bronze. It was said that it could outrun an arrow in flight. Artemis allowed Heracles to capture the hind, his third labor, after he promised to liberate the animal after completing his task.
GS97904. Silver diobol, apparently unpublished; Gktrk -, Klein -, Rosen -, SNG Kayhan -, et al. -, aVF, toned, centered on a tight flan, scratches and bumps, weight 1.233 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, late 4th - early 1st century B.C.; obverse bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver behind shoulder; reverse stag reclining right, head turned back left, K upper left; ex Nomos AG (Zurich), Obolos 17 (20 Dec 2020), lot 310; extremely rare; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Augusta Traiana, Thrace

|Augusta| |Traiana|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Augusta| |Traiana,| |Thrace||AE| |29|
Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by Trajan, c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman Thrace, after Philippopolis, and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from the time of Marcus Aurelius to Gallienus.
RP56086. Bronze AE 29, cf. Varbanov II 1213, Moushmov 3076, SNG Cop -, SNG Bar -, Lindgren -, SNG Righetti -, VF/F, weight 13.866 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 45o, Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AVT M AVPHΛI ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right; reverse AYΓOYCTHC TPAIANHC, tetrastyle temple with conical roof on garlanded platform; statue of Artemis within standing right with bow and drawing arrow from quiver; temple flanked on each side by laurel tree with stag emerging from behind; perhaps tooled (we cannot find a decent example to compare), large bronze-interesting type; SOLD







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