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Dates of operation: c. 289 - 40 B.C. and 20 B.C. - 476 A.D. Mintmarks: R, RM, ROM, ROMA, ROMOB, VRB ROM, SMR.
Roman Republic, Cast Aes Grave, c. 270 B.C.
In 270 B.C., Rome's subjugation of Italy was completed by the recapture of Rhegium from the Mamertines and the defeat of the Brutians, the Lucanians, the Calabrians and the Samnites. The town of Rhegium was then restored by the Romans to its original Greek inhabitants.RR93747. Aes grave (cast) triens, Crawford 18/3, Sydenham 17, Thurlow-Vecchi 10, ICC 35, HN Italy 281, Russo RBW -, VF, dark green patina, earthen deposits, minor casting flaw on edge, weight 97.090 g, maximum diameter 47.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 270 B.C.; obverse head of horse right, •••• (mark of value); reverse head of horse left, •••• (mark of value) below; from the Errett Bishop Collection, 97 grams! 47 mm!; $1900.00 SALE |PRICE| $1710.00
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
The Temple of Divus Augustus was a major temple originally built to commemorate the deified first Roman emperor, Augustus. It was built between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, behind the Basilica Julia, on the site of the house that Augustus had inhabited before he entered public life in the mid-1st century B.C. It is known from Roman coinage that the temple was originally built to an Ionic hexastyle design. However, its size, physical proportions and exact site are unknown. Provincial temples of Augustus, such as the much smaller Temple of Augustus in Pula, now in Croatia, had already been constructed during his lifetime. Probably because of popular resistance to the notion, he was not officially deified in Rome until after his death, when a temple at Nola in Campania, where he died, seems to have been begun. Subsequently, temples were dedicated to him all over the Roman Empire. The last known reference to the temple was on 27 May 218. At some point thereafter it was completely destroyed and its stones were presumably quarried for later buildings. Its remains are not visible and the area in which it lay has never been excavated.SL97997. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1004, BMCRE IV 2063, Cohen II 805, Hunter II 352, Banti 406, SRCV II 4235, Ch VF, strike 5/5, surface 2/5 (605513-014); Tiber patina, weight 26.07 g, maximum diameter 9.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 158 - 159 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXII, laureate head right; reverse TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST, octastyle temple set on podium of four steps, seated facing statues of Divus Augustus and Livia within, standing figure (Divus Augustus?) between two reclining figures on pediment, quadriga at peak of roof, acroteria (Romulus on left, Aeneas bearing Anchises on right) at corners of roof, S - C (senatus consulto) across fields, COS IIII below; ex Heritage auction 61210 (16 May 2021), lot 99129; ex CNG e-auction 247 (12 Jan 2011), lot 287 (realized $1,300 plus fees); NGC| Lookup; $800.00 SALE |PRICE| $720.00
Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
In July 69, Vitellius learned that the armies of the eastern provinces had proclaimed their commander, Vespasian, as emperor. Vitellius, aware that he would be defeated, negotiated terms of resignation, but the praetorians refused to allow him to carry out the agreement, and forced him to return to the palace. When Vespasian's troops entered Rome he was dragged out of a lodge where he was hiding, taken to the fatal Gemonian stairs, and executed. His body was thrown into the Tiber according to Suetonius; Cassius Dio's account is that Vitellius was beheaded and his head paraded around Rome, and his wife attended to his burial. "Yet I was once your emperor," were his last words. His brother and son were also killed.RS97643. Silver denarius, RIC I 107 (S), RSC II 72, BMCRE I 34, BnF III 71, Hunter I 17, SRCV I 2200, gVF, toned, tight flan, scratches, bumps, scrapes, areas of porosity, weight 2.800 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jul - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right; reverse PONT MAXIM (high priest), Vesta seated right on throne with back, veiled, draped, patera in right hand, long scepter in left hand vertical on left (far) side; from an Israeli Collection; scarce; $700.00 (€574.00) ON RESERVE
Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.
Describing this coin "as-found" does not mean recently found. This coin, part of a family collection assembled over generations, was found long ago. Silver denarii sold as found with their natural dark toning are rare. Very often the toning is uneven and unattractive and the coins are cleaned to remove it. This coin and others from the find were clearly an exception and its attractive toning has been left intact for decades and should never be removed.RS94695. Silver denarius, RIC IV 358, RSC III 76, BMCRE VI 713, Hunter III 5, SRCV II 8216, Choice EF, very attractive as-found dark hoard toning, well centered, attractive portrait, small edge splits, weight 1.854 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 231 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in waved horizontal ridges, looped plait at back of neck; reverse VENVS VICTRIX (victorious Venus), Venus standing half left, head left, helmet extended in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield on left at feet against far side; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $400.00 SALE |PRICE| $360.00
Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
Macrinus was Praetorian Prefect for Caracalla but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by Julia Maesa, Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.SL92493. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 121 (S), BMCRE V 113, Cohen IV 79, SRCV II 7391, Hunter III -, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 1/5, scratches (577028-007), weight 19.150 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PONTIF MAX TR P P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, father of the country), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, drapery over left arm, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; NGC| Lookup; $290.00 SALE |PRICE| $261.00
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
This type of reverse usually indicates the birth of a prince, and we would normally assume the boy and girl on the reverse represent children of the emperor. Hadrian and Sabina, however, had no children.RB97380. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE III 1372 (also with slight drapery), RIC II-3 988, Strack 629a, Banti 442, Cohen II 819, Hunter II 447, SRCV II 3602, VF, well centered, Tiber patina, light corrosion, weight 22.258 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, laureate head right, long neck, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse HILARITAS P R (Joy of the Roman People), Hilaritas standing half left, head left, palm frond in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, at her feet on left a small nude boy standing right also holding the palm frond, at feet on right a dressed small girl standing left and reaching up touching Hilaritas' drapery, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field, COS III in exergue; ex Ammon Shahar Collection; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
NEW This obverse legend is listed in references with reverses depicting three, four, or five soldiers. Specimens with six soldiers on the reverse in Cohen III, RIC III, and noted in BMCRE IV (refs. Cohen) all have the obverse legend, M COMMODVS ANT AVG P BRIT FELIX. The four specimens on Coin Archives with six soldiers all share the same obverse legend with our coin. Perhaps RIC III copied an error by Cohen?RB97213. Orichalcum sestertius, Hunter II 126 var. (same obv. die, 5 soldiers), RIC III 468d (R) var. (obv. leg.), Cohen III 138 var. (same), BMCRE IV 579 var. (4 soldiers, note), F, green patina, tight flan cutting off reverse legend, weight 23.587 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 186 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Commodus standing left on platform, haranguing six soldiers, three legionary standards on the far side of soldiers, S - C (senatus consulto) across fields, FID EXERCIT (loyalty of the army) in exergue; rare; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00
Trajan Decius, September 249 - June or July 251 A.D.
In 249, Trajan Decius put down a revolt in Moesia and Pannonia. After his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, he marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip the ArabRB97218. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 124a (S), Banti 22, Hunter III 54, Cohen V 87, SRCV III 9407, VF, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, old bump on nose, weight 15.768 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Jul 249 - Jun or Jul 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate, cuirassed, slight drapery on far shoulder, bust right; reverse PANNONIAE, the two Pannoniae standing facing, looking away from each other, each holding a standard, S - C (senatus consulto) across fields; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00
Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.
Fortuna Redux, one of the many aspects of Fortuna, was in charge of bringing people home safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of Fortuna, as the earliest mention of her is on an altar dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of Emperor Augustus.RB97215. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1317; BMCRE IV p. 548, 1027; Cohen III 87; Banti 61; Hunter II 53 var. (cuirassed), SRCV II, F, glossy dark green patina, weight 21.167 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 161 - Dec 162 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, bare head right; reverse TR POT II COS II (holder of tribune power for 2 years, consul two times), Fortuna seated left, feet on footstool, holding tiller of rudder (on globe?) in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) divided low across field, FORT RED (Fortuna Redux) in exergue; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.
Minerva, equated with the Greek Athena, was the Roman virgin warrior goddess of poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, weaving, crafts, magic, and the inventor of music. She was worshiped on the Capitoline Hill as one of the Capitoline Triad along with Jupiter and Juno.RS97463. Silver denarius, RIC IV 34b; RSC III 104a; BMCRE V p. 244, 446; Hunter III 20; SRCV II 7186, Choice gVF, superb portrait, well centered and struck, toned, edge ragged with splits and cracks, weight 3.550 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 205 - 208 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, older boy's bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PONTIF COS (priest, consul), Minerva standing left, helmeted, resting right hand on grounded shield, spear vertical behind in left hand; ex Savoca Coins auction blue 89 (07 Nov 2020), lot 1289; $175.00 SALE |PRICE| $158.00