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Roman Republic, A. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus, c. 81 B.C.
Refers to the praetorship of L. Postumius Albinus over Spain and his successful expeditions against the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign.
A fasces is a bound bundle of wooden rods, sometimes including an axe with its blade emerging. It was a Roman symbol of a magistrate's power and jurisdiction. The image has survived in the modern world as a symbol of law and governance. It was the origin of the name of the Mussolini's National Fascist Party in Italy (from which the term fascism is derived). It is on the reverse of the U.S. Mercury dime and behind the podium in the U.S. House of Representatives.RR88394. Silver denariusserratus, Crawford 372/2, Sydenham 746, RSC IPostumia 8, BMCRR I Rome 2839, RBW Collection 1393, SRCV I 297, gVF, dark toning, part of reverse not fully struck, tight flan cutting of exergue, weight 3.902 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. 81 B.C.; obverseHISPAN downward behind, veiled head of Hispania right with disheveled hair; reverse togate figure standing left, extending hand toward legionary eagle before him, fasces and axe behind, A• / ALBIN / N•S• vertical downward in fields from left to right, POST A•F• in exergue; $165.00 (€140.25)
Roman Republic, Quintus Cassius Longinus, 55 B.C.
The obverse portrait has been variously interpreted as Bonus Eventus (the God of good Success) or Genius Populi Romani (the guardian spirit of the Roman people). Quintus Cassius Longinus was a governor in Hispania for Caesar. Cassius was one of the tresviri monetales of the Roman mint in 55 B.C. He served as a quaestor for Pompey in Hispania Ulterior in 54 B.C.RR87659. Silver denarius, Crawford 428/3, Sydenham 916, RSC ICassia 7, BMCRR I Rome 3868, RBW Collection 1535, SRCV I 391, aVF, light toning, highest points flatly struck, banker's marks, bumps and scratches, scrape on reverse, closed edge crack, weight 3.651 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 55 B.C.; obverse young male head (Genius Populi Romani or Bonus Eventus) right, scepter behind; reverseeagle standing right on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, lituus (augur's staff) on left, jug on right, Q•CASSIVS below; $160.00 (€136.00)
Roman Republic, Quintus Titius, 90 B.C.
Priapus, also called Mutinus Titinus, had a temple in Rome and was especially worshiped by young married women. His use by Quintus Titius is one of the usual found on Republican coinage.RR88386. Silver denarius, Crawford 341/1, Sydenham 691, RSC ITitia 1, BMCRR I Rome 2220, RBW Collection 1274, SRCV I 238, VF, attractive dark toning, small thick flan cutting off Pegasus' head, obverse die wear, weight 3.780 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obversehead of Priapus (Mutinus Titinus) right, wearing winged diadem, pointed beard, curly lock of hair down neck; reversePegasus springing right from a base or tablet inscribed Q•TITI; $140.00 (€119.00)
Roman Republic, Unofficial, c. 169 - 91 B.C.
Crawford notes, "The very common quadrantes with M • and N• (as Milan 351) are clearly unofficial."RR79715. Copper quadrans, cf. Milan 351 (from Crawford appendix p. 309 unofficial issues of bronze coins), Sydenham -, VF, centered on a tight flan, light marks,, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 135o, unofficial mint, c. 169 - 91 B.C.; obversehead of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow right, ROMA below, three pellets before, M• above; ex FORVM (2006), ex Goodman collection; $125.00 (€106.25)
Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso L.f. Frugi, 90 B.C.
In 90 B.C., Rome barely managed to stave off total defeat in the Social War. The Italians were denied citizenship and, despite making up over half the Roman army, were denied a fair share of the booty and lands. They rebelled and raised an army of 100,000 battle-hardened soldiers. After Roman victories and citizenship concessions, the war was nearly over by 88 B.C.RR88359. Silver denarius, BMCRR I Rome 2023 var. (also hammer and flute, but R on obverse, V on reverse); Sydenham 669a; Crawford 340/1; RSC ICalpurnia 11; SRCV I 235, gF, toned, light marks, small edge splits, weight 3.751 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair falling in long ringlets, hammer (control symbol) behind, S (control letter) below chin, dot border; reverse naked horseman galloping right, holding palm frond, head bare, flute (control symbol) above, L PISO FRVGI over P (control letter) below; $125.00 (€106.25)
Roman Republic, Gaius Egnatuleius C.f., 97 B.C.
This reverse refers to Marius' victories over the Teutones and Ambrones at Aquae Sextiae in 102 B.C. and the Cimbri at Vercellae in 101 B.C. Crawford believes this issue financed settlement of Marius' veterans, partly in Cisalpine Gaul. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. CrawfordRR88382. Silver quinarius, Crawford 333/1, Sydenham 588, RSC IEgnatuleia 1, BMCRR I Rome 1076, Russo RBW 1193, SRCV I 213, VF, attractive light toning, reverse a little off center, small edge splits, weight 1.664 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 97 B.C.; obverse C·EGNATVLEI·C·F (NAT and VL ligate) downward behind, laureate head of Apollo right, Q (mark of value) below; reverseVictory standing left inscribing shield attached to trophy, trophy topped with a helmet ornamented with bull horns, carnyx (Gallic war trumpet) at base of trophy, Q (mark of value) in center, ROMA in exergue; $120.00 (€102.00)
Roman Republic, C. Vibius C.f. Pansa, 90 B.C.
This type is engraved with significant variation in style. Apollo on the obverse of this coin is the larger, low-relief type with long curled hair. RR88387. Silver denarius, RSC IVibia 2, Sydenham 684, Crawford 342/5b, SRCV I 242, cf. BMCRR I 2244 ff. (various controls), RBW Collection 1287 var. (A), VF, some luster in recesses, light tone, die wear, weak strike, tight oval flan, reverse off center, weight 3.648 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 330o, Rome mint, c. 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, PANSA behind, uncertain control symbol below chin; reverseMinerva in a quadriga right, trophy over shoulder in right, spear and reins in left, C•VIBIVS•C•F• in exergue; $120.00 (€102.00)
Roman Republic, Gaius Norbanus, 83 B.C.
In 83 B.C., Sulla returned from Greece and defeated the popular forces led by the consul Norbanus (probably the father of this moneyer). The reversetype alludes to the elder Norbanus' activity during the Social War, when he raised troops, organized a fleet, and provisioned the town of Rhegium.
Fasces, from the Latin fascis meaning "bundle," is a bound bundle of wooden rods, sometimes including an axe with its blade emerging. The fasces originated with the Etruscans and was passed on to ancient Rome, where it symbolized a magistrate's power and jurisdiction. The image has survived in the modern world as a representation of magisterial or collective power, law and governance. The fasces frequently occurs as a charge in heraldry. It was the origin of the name of the Mussolini's National Fascist Party in Italy (from which the term fascism is derived). It is on the reverse of the U.S. Mercury dime and behind the podium in the United States House of Representatives.RR88001. Silver denarius, RSC INorbana 2, Sydenham 739, Crawford 357/1b, BMCRR I Rome 2810, SRCV I 278, aF, light toning, scratches, banker's mark, weight 3.458 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 83 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Venus right, wearing single drop earring and pearl necklace, Roman numeral control number behind, C•NORBANVS below; reversefasces between grain ear on left and caduceus on right; $110.00 (€93.50)
Roman Republic, C. Poblicius Malleolus, A. Postumius Albinus & L. Caecilius Metellus, 96 B.C.
C. Poblicius Malleolus, A. Postumius Albinus, and L. Caecilius Metellus, were moneyers during 96 B.C., magistrates responsible for the production of the Roman coinage. Magistrates were not simple mint workers, they were officials who controlled the process, including the design on the coins themselves. During the Roman Republic, moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for casting [and] striking bronze, silver, [and] gold [coins]."RR88383. Silver denarius, Crawford 335/1a, BMCRR II Italy 724, RSC ICaecilia 46a, RBW Collection 1200, Sydenham 611, SRCV 220 (refs. for no control symbol), VF, dark toning, banker's marks, scratches, crowded flan, weight 3.838 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 96 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair in ringlets, A·ALB·S·F upward before, L·METEL downward behind, no control symbol; reverseRoma seated left on a pile of shields, spear vertical in right hand, crowned with wreath by Victory standing left behind her, C·MALL (AL ligate) downward on left, ROMA in exergue; ex FORVM (2002); $110.00 (€93.50)
Roman Republic, Lucius Rubrius Dossenus, 87 B.C.
This is of three denarii types issued by the moneyer, each type depicts one of the three chief deities of the capital, Jupiter, Juno, or Minerva. The empty triumphal chariot on the reverse may reflect hope for triumph in the fight against Marius and his followers. This moneyer may be the senator, L. Rubrius Dossenus, who was taken prisoner in 49 B.C. by Julius Caesar after the seven-day siege of Corfinium, the only resistance against Caesar's advance into Italy. Caesar released his prisoners after obtaining oaths of loyalty; oaths many promptly broke. The Rubriagens never attained much importance and this is the only member named on coinage.RR88389. Silver denarius, Crawford 348/1, Sydenham 705, RSC IRubria 1, BMCRR I Rome 2448, RBW Collection 1322, SRCV I 258, gVF, some luster, obverse die damage, crowed flan, scrape on reverse, tiny edge split, weight 3.974 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 87 B.C.; obversehead of Jupiter right, scepter over shoulder, DOSSEN downward behind and below; reverse triumphal quadriga walking right, side-panel ornamented with a thunderbolt, small Victory on top holding wreath, L·RVBRI in exergue; $100.00 (€85.00)
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