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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lydia| ▸ |Other Lydia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Lydia (Other Cities and Uncertain Mints)
Maionia, Lydia, c. 161 - 217 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Maionia,| |Lydia,| |c.| |161| |-| |217| |A.D.|, |AE| |20|
Omphale was queen of the Lydian Kingdom, the wife of Tmolus, the oak-clad mountain king. After he was gored to death by a bull, she continued to reign on her own. She bought Herakles from Hermes, who sold him after an oracle declared Hercules must be sold into slavery for three years. Hercules had sought the oracle to learn what he must do to purify himself, after he murdered his friend Iphitus and stole the Delphic tripod. As a slave, Herakles was forced to do women's work and even wear women's clothing and hold a basket of wool while Omphale and her maidens did their spinning. Meanwhile, Omphale wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried Herakles' olive-wood club. But it was also during his stay in Lydia that Herakles captured the city of the Itones and enslaved them, killed Syleus who forced passersby to hoe his vineyard, and captured the Cercopes. He buried the body of Icarus and took part in the Calydonian Boar Hunt and the Argonautica. After some time, Omphale freed Herakles and took him as her husband. The Greeks did not recognize Omphale as a goddess. Omphale's name, connected with omphalos, a Greek word meaning navel (or axis), may, however, represent a Lydian earth goddess. Herakles' servitude and marriage may represent the servitude of the sun to the axis of the celestial sphere, the spinners being Lydian versions of the Moirae. This myth may have been an attempt to explain why the priests of Herakles wore female clothing.
GB86735. Bronze AE 20, SNG Leypold I 1053 (this scarcer rev. legend arrangement); RPC Online IV 1325; SNG Cop 222; SNGvA 3011; SNG Munchen 302; BMC Lydia p. 129, 17, VF, rough, reverse scratches, weight 5.130 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Maeonia mint, c. 161 - 217 A.D.; obverse bearded head of Herakles left; reverse MAIONΩN, Omphale advancing right, draped in Hercules’ lion skin, carrying his club in her left hand over her left shoulder; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Hierocaesarea, Lydia, c. 100 - 150 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hierocaesarea,| |Lydia,| |c.| |100| |-| |150| |A.D.|, |AE| |17|
Hierocaesarea from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's', also known as Hieracome or Hierakome, was a town and bishopric in the late Roman province of Lydia, the metropolitan see of which was Sardis. Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica.
RP92869. Bronze AE 17, Imhoof-Blumer LS 23; RPC III Online 1854; BMC Lydia p. 103, 6; SNG Cop 176; Waddington 5001; SNGvA -; Weber -, VF, nice green patina, obverse off center, broad flan, weight 3.163 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea (near Sazoba, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 150 A.D.; obverse ΠEPCIKH, bust of Artemis Persica right, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse IEPOKAICA-PE-ΩN (the last two letters in exergue), stag walking right; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


Hyrkaneis, Lydia, c. 2nd - 3rd Century A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hyrkaneis,| |Lydia,| |c.| |2nd| |-| |3rd| |Century| |A.D.|, |AE| |14|
Hyrcanis or Hyrkaneis, also known as Hyrcania, was a Roman and Byzantine city and bishopric on the Hyrcanian plain in ancient Lydia, now in western Turkey. It was named for a colony of Hyrcanians settled there by the Persians. Later some Macedonians also settled in the district, which is why they are called "Macedones Hyrcani" by Pliny the Elder and Tacitus. Lydia_50_AD
RP93587. Bronze AE 14, SNG Munchen 170; SNG Fitzwilliam 4863; BMC Lydia p. 123, 9; Mionnet IV 320; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, dark patina, earthen encrustations, scratches, small edge split, weight 1.491 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 180o, Hyrcanis (near Halit Pasa, Turkey) mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 2nd - 3rd Century A.D.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse YPYKANΩ-N, lion advancing right; rare; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 


Sala, Lydia, c. 2nd Century A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Sala,| |Lydia,| |c.| |2nd| |Century| |A.D.|, |AE| |17|
Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His symbols include the caduceus and winged sandals.
RP77505. Bronze AE 17, SNG Munchen 455; BMC Lydia p. 229, 15; SNG Cop 416, VF, well centered, nice green patina, areas of corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 2.643 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Sala mint, c. 2nd century A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC CAΛHNΩN, laureate and draped bearded bust of Demos; reverse EΠI AN∆PONEICOY, Hermes standing slightly left, nude, chlamys draped over left arm, purse in right hand, caduceus in left hand; ex Divus Numismatik; rare; $55.00 SALE |PRICE| $49.50
 


Saitta, Lydia, c. 193 - 268 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Saitta,| |Lydia,| |c.| |193| |-| |268| |A.D.|, |AE| |28|
Saitta (or Saittai) was in eastern Lydia, in the triangle between the upper Hyllus river (modern Demirci Çayı) and the Hermus river (modern Sidaskale). Representations of the river gods are found on coins of the Imperial Period. The moon god Mên Akziottenos was honored, but Zeus, Dionysos, Aphrodite, Hygieia, Asklepios, Apollo, Kybele, and Herakles were also revered at Saitta. The town was a regional center for textile production. Hadrian probably visited in 124 A.D. In the city, In the Christian era Saittai was attached to the Archbishopric of Sardeis.
RP91828. Bronze AE 28, SNG Leypold 1151 (same dies); BMC Lydia p. 217, 29; SNG Cop 399, F, light corrosion/porosity, scratches, edge cracks, weight 8.121 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, Saitta (Sidaskale, Turkey) mint, c. 193 - 268 A.D.; obverse IEPA-CVN KΛHT-OC, draped bust of the Roman Senate right; reverse CAITT-HNΩN, Athena standing facing, head left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet and chiton, owl(?) in right hand, grounded shield and spear in left hand; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.50
 







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REFERENCES|

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