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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ThessalonicaView Options:  |  |  | 

Thessalonica, Macedonia (Salonika, Greece)

King Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia 168 B.C. In 50 A.D., the Apostle Paul founded the second Christian church on the European continent at Thessalonica and sent it his "Epistles to the Thessalonians." In 379 when the Roman Prefecture of Illyricum was divided between the East and West Roman Empires, Thessaloniki became the capital of the new Prefecture of Illyricum. The city remained important in the Byzantine Empire. [Dates of operation: 298 or 299 - c. 460 (closed during the reign of Leo I, 457 - 474). Mintmarks: COM, COMOB, OES, SMTS, TE, TES, TESOB, TH, THES, THS, THSOB, TS, T Christogram E.


Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

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The obverse legend translates, Our lord Jovian dutiful fortunate Father of the Country.

VOT V MVLT X abbreviates Votis Quinquennalibus Multis Decennalibus. Earlier in the empire, this inscription would have meant that Julian had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the fifth anniversary of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might help him achieve his tenth anniversary. Jovian ruled less than one year. This votive inscription clearly expressed hope for the future rather than an advertisement of current events.
RL88053. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Thessalonica 239, LRBC II 1699, SRCV V 19230, Cohen VIII 36, Hunter V -, VF, brown tone, tight flan, some porosity, weight 2.703 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse D N IOVIANVS P F P P AVG (Dominus Noster Jovianus Pius Felix Pater Patriae Augustus), pearl- diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / V / MVLT / X in four lines within wreath, TESB in exergue; $110.00 (93.50)


Vetranio, 1 March - 25 December 350 A.D.

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The reverse of this coin is dedicated to harmony with the army. Nothing was more important to Vetranio. The soldiers had made him emperor; yet, as had been proven time and again, an emperor was always at risk that his soldiers would betray and assassinate him.
RL88043. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 132 (S), LRBC II 1658, Voetter 1, SRCV V 18904, Cohen VIII 1, VF, well centered, porous and slightly rough from light corrosion, weight 3.915 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N VETRANIO P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), emperor holding a labarum (legionary standard with a banner displaying the Greek Chi Rho monogram of Christ) in each hand, star above, A in left field, B in right, TS∆ in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (85.00)


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Commemorative Issued by Constantine the Great

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The reverse legend translates, "The rest and retirement of the best and most meritorious [emperors]," referring to the dead and deified emperors Claudius II Gothicus, Maximian and Constantius I. Constantine struck commemoratives with this reverse for each of those emperors, with whom he had familial connections.
RL88064. Billon half follis, RIC VII Thessalonica p. 503, 26 (2nd officina not listed); Cohen VI 245; SRCV IV 16399; Hunter V -, VF, well centered, slightly rough dark green patina, weight 1.518 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP, laureate and veiled head right; reverse REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM (retirement most deserved), emperor seated left on curule chair, raising right hand, short scepter downward in left, TSB in exergue; very rare; $80.00 (68.00)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 318, Constantine the Great was given the title Britannicus Maximus, for successful engagements in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.
RL79956. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica 33, SRCV IV 15382, Cohen VII 222, gVF, much silvering, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.740 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT XX / MVLT / XXX / TSA, within wreath; scarce; $75.00 (63.75)


Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.

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In 380, Rome's enemies the Germans, Sarmatians and Huns were taken into Imperial service; barbarian leaders began to play an increasingly active role in the Roman Empire.
RL74501. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 62(a)1 (S), LRBC II 1864, SRCV V 20340, Cohen VIII 12 corr., VF, interesting turrets, tight and slightly irregular flan, weight 0.925 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 345o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 384 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA REIPVBLICE (glory of the Republic), campgate with two turrets, A left, TES in exergue; $70.00 (59.50)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL79649. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Thessalonica 20 (R4), SRCV IV 16702B, Cohen VII 109, F, full circles centering, dark green patina, weak centers, weight 2.822 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOBILISSIMVS CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), soldier standing right, spear in right hand, shield on ground in left, TSΓ in exergue; rare; $65.00 (55.25)


Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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Thessalonica was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, King of Macedonia, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of Philip II and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Macedonia Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of Macedonia. Due to its port and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, Thessalonica grew to become the most important city in Macedonia. Thessalonica was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.
RL74510. Silvered follis, RIC VII Thessalonica 79 (R2), Cohen VII 68, SRCV IV 15475, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, much silvering, scratches, weight 2.570 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VIRTVS EXERCIT (courage of the army), vexillum inscribed VOT XX in two lines, two bound captives seated back to back at base, S - F flanking ensign, ?TS?A? in exergue; rare; $55.00 (46.75)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RL88507. Billon follis, Hunter V 87 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Thessalonica 60, SRCV V 15251, F, well centered, tight flan, earthen deposits, some corrosion, weight 2.865 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 312 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN (to Jove the protector of our two Emperors), Jupiter standing half left, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, eagle with wreath in beak left, TSΓ in exergue; $10.00 (8.50)







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Thessalonica