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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Thessalonica||View Options:  |  |  |   

Thessalonica, Macedonia (Salonika, Greece)

King Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia 168 B.C. In 50 A.D., the Apostle Paul founded the second Christian church on the European continent at Thessalonica and sent it his "Epistles to the Thessalonians." In 379 when the Roman Prefecture of Illyricum was divided between the East and West Roman Empires, Thessaloniki became the capital of the new Prefecture of Illyricum. The city remained important in the Byzantine Empire. [Dates of operation: 298 or 299 - c. 460 (closed during the reign of Leo I, 457 - 474). Mintmarks: COM, COMOB, OES, SMTS, TE, TES, TESOB, TH, THES, THS, THSOB, TS, T Christogram E.


Fausta, Augusta, 8 November 324 - Autumn 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great

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Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic."
RL89946. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica p. 519, 161 (R3); LRBC I 827; SRCV IV 16571; Cohen VII 17, aEF, slightly rough green patina, small encrustations, weight 2.687 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 326 - 328 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right, no diadem or stephane, hair waved, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverse SPES REIPVBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, veiled and draped, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, SMTSA in exergue; scarce; $150.00 (132.00)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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On 1 November 365, the Alamanni crossed the Rhine and invaded Gaul. Valentinian I moved to Paris to defend the Gallic cities. Large numbers of Alamanni crossed the frozen Rhine into the Empire on 2 January 366. Valentinian moved his base to Trier and in 368 defeated the Alamanni near the Rhine.
RL89959. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 17(a) 1, LRBC II 1702, SRCV V 19477, Cohen VIII 21, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, well centered, flow lines, die wear/damage, weight 2.801 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIP, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in left hand, TESA in exergue; $80.00 (70.40)


Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.

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In 380, Rome's enemies the Germans, Sarmatians and Huns were taken into Imperial service; barbarian leaders began to play an increasingly active role in the Roman Empire.
RL74501. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 62(a)1 (S), LRBC II 1864, SRCV V 20340, Cohen VIII 12 corr., VF, interesting turrets, tight and slightly irregular flan, weight 0.925 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 345o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 384 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA REIPVBLICE (glory of the Republic), campgate with two turrets, A left, TES in exergue; $70.00 (61.60)


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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In 327, Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome was finished, and construction began on the cathedral of Antioch in Syria.
RL91856. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica 159, LRBC I 823, SRCV IV 16612, Cohen VII 11, Hunter V -, Choice aVF, well centered, full legends, dark patina, minor encrustations, weight 2.885 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 326 - 328 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right, wearing double-necklace; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE (security of the Republic), Securitas standing half left, branch pointed down in right hand, SMTSA in exergue; $70.00 (61.60)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 318, Constantine the Great was given the title Britannicus Maximus, for successful engagements in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.
RL79956. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica 33, SRCV IV 15382, Cohen VII 222, gVF, much silvering, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.740 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT XX / MVLT / XXX / TSA, within wreath; scarce; $65.00 (57.20)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In 370, Valentinian I and Valens banned the importation of wine and olive oil from areas controlled by the barbarians and banned marriages between Romans and barbarians under penalty of death.
RL88731. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX 27(a)xxxiii, LRBC II 1806, SRCV V 19518, Cohen VIII 37, Hunter V -, VF, tight flan, earthen deposits, weight 2.448 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, Z left, A right, TES in exergue; $19.00 (16.72)


Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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TS in the mintmark abbreviates Thessalonika. E is the Greek numeral five, for the 5th officina (mint workshop). The significance of the VI is uncertain. It may be a mark of value but that would make it difficult to explain why VII is found on some similar issues.
RL88780. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica 114 (R3), SRCV IV 15444, Cohen VII 8, Hunter V 23 var. (no star), aVF, well centered, dark patina, light scratches, coppery high points, earthen deposits, spots of porosity, weight 2.4171 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / V in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and closed the top with a star, TSEVI in exergue; scarce; $15.00 (13.20)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In 1423, Despot Andronicus, who was in charge of the Thessaloniki, ceded it to the Republic of Venice in the hope that it could be protected from the Ottomans who were besieging the city (there is no evidence to support the oft-repeated story that he sold the city to them). The Venetians held Thessaloniki until it was captured by the Ottoman Sultan Murad II on the 29th of March, 1430. Murad II took Thessaloniki with a brutal massacre and enslaved roughly one-fifth of the city's native population. During the First Balkan War, on 26 October 1912, the feast day of the city's patron saint, Saint Demetrius, the Greek Army accepted the surrender of the Ottoman garrison at Thessalonika; after the Second Balkan War, in 1913 Thessaloniki was annexed to Greece by the Treaty of Bucharest.
RL88736. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 16(a)ii (S), LRBC II 1708, SRCV V 19453, Cohen VIII 12, Hunter V -, VF, green patina, well centered, irregular flan, scratches and marks, a little rough, weight 2.481 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 367 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor walking left, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, TESB in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RL88739. Billon follis, RIC VI Thessalonica 50a, SRCV IV 14866, Cohen VI 113, Hunter V 21 var. (1st officina), F, well centered, dark patina, light marks, light deposits, weight 5.289 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 305 - 306 A.D.; obverse MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing half left, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, wreath left, Γ right, SMTS in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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Valentinian I was proclaimed emperor shortly after the death of Jovian in 364 A.D. He settled in Paris, established a militia to defend the region and ruled the Western Roman Empire from Caledonia (Scotland) to the Rhine frontier. Valentinian spent most of his reign along the Rhine frontier, combating barbarian invasions ensuring the Empire a few years of relative security. His brother, Valens, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire from the Danube to the Persian border. his reign combating barbarian invasions along the Rhine frontier ensuring the Empire a few years of relative security. His brother, Valens, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire from the Danube to the Persian border.
RL88771. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 16(a)i, LRBC II 1704, SRCV V 19453, Cohen VIII 12, Hunter V -, F, turquoise patina, well centered, tight flan, scratches, a little rough, earthen deposits, weight 2.157 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, TESB in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)




  



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Thessalonica