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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Claudius||View Options:  |  |  |   

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Claudius was one of the most capable, yet unlikely emperors. Shunned as an idiot by his family due to a limp and embarrassing stutter, Claudius spent the first decades of his life absorbed in scholarly studies until the death of his nephew Caligula. After Caligula's murder, the Praetorian Guard found him hiding behind a curtain in the Imperial Palace, expecting to be murdered. Instead, the guard proclaimed him emperor. His reign was marred by personal catastrophes, most notably promiscuity and betrayal by his third wife. He governed well and conquered the troublesome island of Britain. He was poisoned by his fourth wife, Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero.

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Egypt||drachm|
RPC I quotes Walkers surface analysis of Claudius billon at 21 - 26% silver, a significant drop from the 30% silver for those of Tiberius.

The ancients did not all agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. The general impression of the ancients seems to have been that by Serapis, was to be understood the beginning and foundation of things. Julian II consulted the oracle of Apollo for the purpose of learning whether Pluto and Serapis were different gods; and he received for an answer that Jupiter-Serapis and Pluto were one and the same divinity.
SH110653. Billon drachm, RPC I 5136 (4 spec.); BMC Alexandria p. 10, 78; Kampmann 12.25; Emmett 76/3 (R4); Geissen -; Dattari -; SNG Hunterian -, F, dark patina, earthen deposits, scratches, porosity, weight 3.330 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 42 - 43 A.D.; obverse TI KΛ KA CE AY, laureate head right, L Γ (year 3) right; reverse draped bust of Serapis right, kalathos on head; the best of this type known to FORVM; very rare; $1125.00 SALE PRICE $1013.00


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.||as|
Libertas (Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The pileus liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and Asia Minor. In late Republican Rome, the pileus was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Brutus and his co-conspirators used the pileus to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The pileus was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some U.S. coins. On the Seated Liberty dollar, Liberty raises up a pileus (freedom cap) on a rod (liberty pole). Seated Liberty
RB112565. Copper as, RIC I 113, BMCRE I 202, BnF II 230, Hunter I 85, Cohen I 47, SRCV I 1860, F, near centered on a broad flan, nice portrait for the grade, a little rough, weight 10.543 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left; reverse LIBERTAS AVGVSTA, Libertas standing right, pileus (cap worn by freed slaves) in right hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; from the Collection of Dr. Jregen Buschek; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Aezanis, Phrygia

|Aizanis|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Aezanis,| |Phrygia||AE| |19|
Aizanis (Aezani, Aizanoi) was an important political and economic center in Roman times. Surviving remains from the period include a well-preserved Temple of Zeus, an unusual combined theater-stadium complex, and a macellum inscribed with the Price Edict of Diocletian.
RP111998. Bronze AE 19, RPC Online I 3100; BMC Phrygia p. 33, 73; SNG Cop 82; SNGvA 3347; SNG Mun 24; McClean 8743; Waddington 5558, VF, dark patina, nice portrait, earthen deposits, cleaning scratches, weight 4.689 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Aizanoi (Cavdarhisar, Turkey) mint, c. 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse KΛAYΔIOΣ KAIΣAP (Marcus Iulius Severus Philippus Caesar), laureate head right; reverse AIZANITΩN, Zeus Atophoros standing slightly left, head left, chest bare, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, vertical long scepter cradled in left arm; ex CNG e-auction 526 (2 Nov 2022), lot 254; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

|Antonius| |Felix|, |Judaea,| |Antonius| |Felix,| |Roman| |Procurator| |under| |Claudius| |and| |Nero,| |52| |-| |60| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
In 54 A.D., violence erupted in Caesarea in response to a local ordinance restricting the rights of Jews. Jews and pagans clashed. The Roman garrison, made up of Syrians, sided with the pagans. Jews, armed with clubs and swords, gathered in the marketplace. Antonius Felix ordered his troops to charge. Violence continued and Felix asked Nero to arbitrate. Nero, sided with the pagans only increasing the Jews' anger.
JD113027. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6376; Meshorer TJC 342; BMC Palestine p. 261, 1; Sofaer pl. 220, 62; RPC I 4970, VF, green patina, highlighting deposits, tight flan, weight 2.485 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, under Claudius, 54 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA AΓ/PIΠΠI/NA (Julia Agrippina [wife of Claudius]) in four lines within a wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse TI KΛAYΔIOC KAICAP ΓEPM (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Germanicus), two crossed palm fronds, L IΔ (year 14) below; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

|Antonius| |Felix|, |Judaea,| |Antonius| |Felix,| |Roman| |Procurator| |under| |Claudius| |and| |Nero,| |52| |-| |60| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
In 54 A.D., violence erupted in Caesarea in response to a local ordinance restricting the rights of Jews. Jews and pagans clashed. The Roman garrison, made up of Syrians, sided with the pagans. Jews, armed with clubs and swords, gathered in the marketplace. Antonius Felix ordered his troops to charge. Violence continued and Felix asked Nero to arbitrate. Nero, sided with the pagans only increasing the Jews' anger.
JD113028. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6376; Meshorer TJC 342; BMC Palestine p. 261, 1; Sofaer pl. 220, 62; RPC I 4970, VF, brown tone, highlighting earthen deposits, obv. off center, rev. edge beveled, sprue cuts, weight 2.757 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Jerusalem mint, under Claudius, 54 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA AΓ/PIΠΠI/NA (Julia Agrippina [wife of Claudius]) in four lines within a wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse TI KΛAYΔIOC KAICAP ΓEPM (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Germanicus), two crossed palm fronds, L IΔ (year 14) below; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

|Antonius| |Felix|, |Judaea,| |Antonius| |Felix,| |Roman| |Procurator| |under| |Claudius| |and| |Nero,| |52| |-| |60| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
In 54 A.D., violence erupted in Caesarea in response to a local ordinance restricting the rights of Jews. Jews and pagans clashed. The Roman garrison, made up of Syrians, sided with the pagans. Jews, armed with clubs and swords, gathered in the marketplace. Antonius Felix ordered his troops to charge. Violence continued and Felix asked Nero to arbitrate. Nero, sided with the pagans only increasing the Jews' anger.
JD113029. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6376; Meshorer TJC 342; BMC Palestine p. 261, 1; Sofaer pl. 220, 62; RPC I 4970, VF, highlighting earthen deposits, obv. a little off center, rev. edge beveled, sprue cuts, weight 2.374 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, under Claudius, 54 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA AΓ/PIΠΠI/NA (Julia Agrippina [wife of Claudius]) in four lines within a wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse TI KΛAYΔIOC KAICAP ΓEPM (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Germanicus), two crossed palm fronds, L IΔ (year 14) below; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D., Brockage

|Antonius| |Felix|, |Judaea,| |Antonius| |Felix,| |Roman| |Procurator| |under| |Claudius| |and| |Nero,| |52| |-| |60| |A.D.,| |Brockage||prutah|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

Antonius Felix was the procurator before whom St. Paul was brought for trial. "And after certain days, when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, who was a Jewess, he sent for Paul, and heard him concerning the faith in Christ." - Acts 24:27
JD111780. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6376f (also a brockage), Meshorer TJC 342g (same); cf. RPC I 4970 (normal coin), aVF, weight 2.464 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, Jerusalem mint, under Claudius, 54 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA AΓ/PIΠΠI/NA (Julia Agrippina [wife of Claudius]) in four lines within a wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse same as obverse incuse and retrograde (brockage, normal reverse: two crossed palm fronds); ex CNG e-auction 510 (23 Feb 2022), lot 542; ex Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.||dupondius| |(or| |as)|NEW
The consignor's tag identifies this coin as imitative. During the reign of Claudius coinage was apparently in short supply in Gaul and imitatives were both cast and struck locally to fill the needs of commerce. This coin is better style than the imitatives we have handled. We think it is more likely an official coin from the Rome mint.
RB112161. Orichalcum dupondius (or as), cf. RIC I 94, Cohen I 1, BMCRE I 136, BnF II 174, SRCV I 1855 (all Rome mint), F, toned bare metal, mild porosity, weight 10.574 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 225o, Gallic imitative (or Rome?) mint, c. 41 - 50 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left; reverse CERES AVGVSTA, Ceres seated left, veiled, branch in right hand, torch in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; From Shawn Caza former diplomat, author of A Handbook of Late Roman Coins (Spink, 2021), collection assembled during postings and international travel; ex Maison Platt Numismatique (Paris); $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Gadara,| |Decapolis||AE| |19|
Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan), located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. The local era of Gadara (Pompeian) began in 64 B.C. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.The Decapolis
RP99203. Bronze AE 19, RPC Online I 4816 (16 spec.); Rosenberger 21; Spijkerman 16; SNG ANS 1294; Sofaer 14, F, green patina,earthen deposits, light corrosion, weak legends, weight 6.168 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 44 - 45 A.D.; obverse CEBACTOC, laureate head right; reverse ΓAΔAPA, turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right, date LHP (year 108) before her; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Gadara,| |Decapolis||AE| |18|
Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan), located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. The local era of Gadara (Pompeian) began in 64 B.C. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.The Decapolis
RB99934. Bronze AE 18, RPC Online I 4816 (16 spec.); Rosenberger 21; Spijkerman 16; SNG ANS 1294; Sofaer 14, F, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 4.719 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 44 - 45 A.D.; obverse CEBACTOC, laureate head right; reverse ΓAΔAPA, turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right, date LHP (year 108) before her; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00




  



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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVVSCLAVDIVSAVGVSTVS
TICLAVDCAES
TICLAVDCAESAVG
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIMPXI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIIMPPPCOSV
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVG
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRIBPOTPP (WITH AGRIPPINA JUNIOR)


REFERENCES

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebre Nron. Catalogue Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
von Kaenel, H.-M. "Britannicus, Agrippina Minor und Nero in Thrakien" in SNR 63 (1984).
von Kaenel, H.-M. Mnzprgung und Mnzbildnis des Claudius. AMUGS XI. (Berlin, 1986).

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