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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Claudius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Claudius was one of the most capable, yet unlikely emperors. Shunned as an idiot by his family due to a limp and embarrassing stutter, Claudius spent the first decades of his life absorbed in scholarly studies until the death of his nephew Caligula. After Caligula's murder, the Praetorian Guard found him hiding behind a curtain in the Imperial Palace, expecting to be murdered. Instead, the guard proclaimed him emperor. His reign was marred by personal catastrophes, most notably promiscuity and betrayal by his third wife. He governed well and conquered the troublesome island of Britain. He was poisoned by his fourth wife, Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero.

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Aizanis, Phrygia

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Aizanis,| |Phrygia||AE| |20|NEW
Aizanis (Aezani, Aizanoi) was an important political and economic center in Roman times. Surviving remains from the period include a well-preserved Temple of Zeus, an unusual combined theater-stadium complex, and a macellum inscribed with the Price Edict of Diocletian.
RP97510. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 3088; BMC Phrygia p. 34, 85; SNG Cop 83; vA Aizanoi 40; McClean 8744; Lindgren-Kovacs 872, F, rough, corrosion, tight flan, rev. off center, weight 3.662 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aizanis (Cavdarhisar, Turkey) mint, magistrate Klaudios Hierax; obverse AIZANITAI − KΛAY∆ION KAICKAPA, laureate head right; reverse EΠI KΛAY∆I-OY - IEPAKOC, Zeus of Aezanis standing facing, head left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; $50.00 (€41.00)
 


|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.||aureus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
SH21696. Gold aureus, RIC I 27 (R2), BMCRE I 26, SRCV I 1833, VF, fantastic fine style, some light scratches and marks,, weight 7.620 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 90o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 44 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P IIII, laureate head right; reverse PACI AVGVSTAE, Pax-Nemesis, winged, advancing right, with left pointing winged caduceus down at snake, right holding out fold of drapery below chin; ex Pegasi; very rare; SOLD


|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.||aureus|
Nice early portrait of Claudius. Claudius inherited a nearly bankrupt treasury from his nephew Caligula. A large gold statue of Caligula was probably melted to provided the gold for Claudius' first issue of aureii.
SH37551. Gold aureus, SRCV I 1831, RIC I 15, Cohen I 34, BMCRE I 16, BnF II 30, Choice VF, weight 7.673 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 280o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P, head right wearing oak wreath; reverse EX S C OB CIVES SERVATOS within Corona Civica, an oak wreath awarded "for saving the lives of citizens"; fine style; rare (R2); SOLD


Britannicus, Octavia and Antonia, 48 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Britannicus,| |Octavia| |and| |Antonia,| |48| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia||AE| |21|
Claudius had three biological children, all three are depicted on this coin.
SH90912. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 3656; BMC Galatia, p. 46, 13 corr. (head of Claudius); Sydenham Caesarea 61 corr. (same); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Tüb -; SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 5.721 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 48 A.D.; obverse KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP BPITANNIKOC, bare head of Britannicus left; reverse KAICAP ET H OKTAOYIA ANΩNIA, Octavia and Antonia standing facing one another, clasping hands, each holding cornucopia; very rare; SOLD


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Antonia was daughter of Marc Antony and Octavia, wife of Nero Claudius Drusus, sister-in-law of Tiberius, mother of Claudius, and grandmother of Caligula. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives. All her coinage was issued early in the reign of Claudius. She died around 37 A.D., possibly as a result of forced suicide ordered by Caligula.
RX41331. Billon tetradrachm, RPC I 5117; Geissen 62; Milne 61; BMC Alexandria p. 9, 65; Dattari 114; SNG Milan 620, SNG Cop 57; Sommer 12.3, Emmett 73/2, VF, weight 7.981 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY∆I KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEPMANI AYTOKP, laureate head right, date LB (year 2) before; reverse ANTΩNIA ΣEBAΣTH, bust of Antonia right, hair in queue; SOLD


Nero and Agrippina Junior, 54 - 59 A.D., Orthosia, Caria

|Other| |Caria|, |Nero| |and| |Agrippina| |Junior,| |54| |-| |59| |A.D.,| |Orthosia,| |Caria||AE| |18|
The reverse alludes to the imperial family. Agrippina was the niece of Claudius, just as Persephone was the niece of Hades.
RY86714. Leaded bronze AE 18, RPC I 2825 (3 specimens, plate coin has NEPWN behind the busts); Imhoof-Blumer MG p. 313, 75, aVF, struck with high relief dies in the style of the "Laodicea" engraver, green patina, tight flan, bumps and marks, light corrosion/porosity, weight 5.214 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Orthosia (Donduran, Aydin, Turkey) mint, 54 - 59 A.D.; obverse ΣEBAΣT NEPΩN, bare headed, draped jugate busts of Nero Augustus and Agrippina Junior right; reverse OPΘOΣIWN, Hades carrying off Persephone in a quadriga right; none on Coin Archives; extremely rare; SOLD


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

|Antioch|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Seleucis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria||as|
Struck at Antioch during the period Saint Paul visited Antioch on his missionary journeys. It was at Antioch that believers in Jesus Christ were first called Christians.
RY92565. Bronze as, McAlee 245(e); SNG Righetti 1920; Butcher 92i; SNG Cop 151; RPC I 4277 (includes dot control variants); BMC Galatia p. 171, 166 var. (obv. legend), VF, nice portrait, uneven toning on obv., a bit rough with mild etching and pitting, weight 14.783 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Jan 41 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; obverse IMP TI CLAVD CAE AVG GER (clockwise from the upper right), laureate head right; reverse large S C (senatus consulto), within inner circle, surrounded by laurel wreath tied at the bottom with eight bunches of leaves, no dot (control); from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVVSCLAVDIVSAVGVSTVS
TICLAVDCAES
TICLAVDCAESAVG
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIMPXI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIIMPPPCOSV
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVG
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRIBPOTPP (WITH AGRIPPINA JUNIOR)


REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
von Kaenel, H.-M. "Britannicus, Agrippina Minor und Nero in Thrakien" in SNR 63 (1984).
von Kaenel, H.-M. Münzprägung und Münzbildnis des Claudius. AMUGS XI. (Berlin, 1986).

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