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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Sicily||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Medieval Sicily
Kingdom of Sicily, Maria of Sicily, 27 July 1377 25 May 1401

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Maria| |of| |Sicily,| |27| |July| |1377| || |25| |May| |1401||denaro|
Maria was the only child of Frederick the Simple and was only 16 when, under the terms of his will, she succeeded him on his death. On 23 January 1380 she was kidnapped and carried off by the count Augusta, who hoped to marry her to the Visconti of Milan. In 1382, Maria was rescued by an Aragonese fleet; she was taken first to Sardinia, then, in 1384, to Aragon, where in 1390 she was married to Martin the Younger, the grandson of Peter IV. In 1392, Maria and Martin returned to Sicily with a military force and defeated barons who had taken control. They ruling jointly until Maria's death in 1401. At that time, Martin repudiated the Treaty of Villeneuve and ruled Sicily alone.
ME112817. Billon denaro, Biaggi 591 (R4), MEC Italy III 806 - 808 var. (Frederick the simple, different controls), MIR Sicilia -, aF/aVF, irregular flan with many edge splits, weight 0.779 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, Catania mint, sole reign, 1st coinage, 1377 - 1380; obverse + REGINA SICILIE, lozenge-shaped shield with arms of Aragon, four pellets around, within inner border; reverse GRA REX SICIL, elephant with upturned trunk (the symbol of Catania) standing left, cross patte above, G - P (mint master's initials) in the 3rd and 4th quarter; Coin Archives records only two specimens of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Sicily (or Sardina?), c. 13 Century A.D.

|Sicily|, |Sicily| |(or| |Sardina?),| |c.| |13| |Century| |A.D.||denaro| |piccolo| |(minuto)|
This coin was part of a group of denari of the Kingdom of Sicily, mostly from the 13th century but some later. Although this coin is apparently unpublished and the attribution is uncertain, it is almost certainly from the same time and place as the rest of the coins. The MI on the coin appears to indicate the denomination. The denaro piccolo or picciolo (plural: denari piccoli), is also known as minutus or minuto (plural: minuti).
ME95044. Billon denaro piccolo (minuto), apparently unpublished; attribution is uncertain but we believe most probable; Biaggi -, MEC 14 Italy III -, MIR 10 -, MIR Sicily -, Travaini -, F, dark green patina, small squared flan typical of the area/era, uneven strike, weight 0.348 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, uncertain Sicilian or Sardinian mint, c. 13th Century A.D.; obverse mI (for minuto?), legend obscure, mostly off flan; reverse cross patte, legend obscure, mostly off flan; the only specimen of the type known to FORVM; extremely rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, Roger II, 1105 - 1154 A.D.

|Sicily|, |Normans,| |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Roger| |II,| |1105| |-| |1154| |A.D.||follaro|
Roger II was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count of Sicily in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria in 1127, and then King of Sicily in 1130. Roger II is remembered for having united all of the Norman conquests in Italy under one strong central government. He was also the grandfather of Frederick II.
ME111224. Bronze follaro, MEC Italy III 162, Biaggi 1216 (R, double follaro), Spahr 53, MIR Sicily 19 (R2), gF, dark patina, earthen deposits, weight 5.149 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 210o, Messina mint, 1127 - 1130 A.D.; obverse Roger standing facing, long cross in right, globus cruciger in left, wearing crown with pendilia, R over II on left; reverse Christ seated facing on wide throne, nimbus cruciger behind head, Gospels in both hands on lap; rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick III of Aragon, 1296 - 1337

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| || |Frederick| |III| |of| |Aragon,| |1296| |-| |1337||denaro|
Frederick was the regent of the Kingdom of Sicily, 1291 - 1295, and subsequently king of Sicily from 1295 until his death on 25 June 1337. He was the third son of Peter III of Aragon and served in the War of the Sicilian Vespers on behalf of his father and brothers, Alfonso III and James II. Although the second Frederick of Sicily, he chose to call himself "Fridericus Tertius" (Frederick III) - presumably because only some fifty years before, his well-known and remembered great-grandfather had reigned Sicily and also used an official ordinal as Holy Roman Emperor: Fridericus secundus.
ME95102. Billon denaro, cf. Spahr 36, MEC Italy III 780, MIR Sicily 185, Biaggi 1312, F, green patina, light earthen deposits, tight flan cutting off most of legend, weight 0.577 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, Messina mint, 1296 - 1337; obverse FRI T DEI GRA (Frederic Tertius, by the Grace of God), crowned bust of Frederic III left; reverse REX SICILIE (King of Sicily), cross patte, star (or florette?) in 2nd quarter; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick III of Aragon, 1296 - 1337

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| || |Frederick| |III| |of| |Aragon,| |1296| |-| |1337||denaro|
Frederick was the regent of the Kingdom of Sicily, 1291 - 1295, and subsequently king of Sicily from 1295 until his death on 25 June 1337. He was the third son of Peter III of Aragon and served in the War of the Sicilian Vespers on behalf of his father and brothers, Alfonso III and James II. Although the second Frederick of Sicily, he chose to call himself "Fridericus Tertius" (Frederick III) - presumably because only some fifty years before, his well-known and remembered great-grandfather had reigned Sicily and also used an official ordinal as Holy Roman Emperor: Fridericus secundus.
ME95032. Billon denaro, Spahr 36, MEC Italy III 780, MIR Sicily 185, Biaggi 1312, aF, green patina, typical small squared flan, rough, marks, porosity, weak legends, weight 0.599 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, Messina mint, 1296 - 1337; obverse FRI T DEI GRA (Frederic Tertius, by the Grace of God), crowned bust of Frederic III left; reverse REX SICILIE (King of Sicily), cross patte, star (or crosslet) in 2nd quarter; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95090. Billon denaro, Spahr 198, MIR Sicilia 136, MEC 14 604, Travaini 69, gF, nice green patina, typical squared small flan, off center, weight 0.469 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, Cross patte; reverse + REX SICILIE, large S, flanked on each side by a pellet; $28.00 SALE PRICE $25.20


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95035. Billon denaro, Spahr 198, MIR Sicilia 136, MEC 14 604, Travaini 69, aF, dark green patina, light earthen deposits, light corrosion, weight 0.387 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, Cross patte; reverse + REX SICILIE, large S, flanked on each side by a pellet; $27.00 SALE PRICE $24.30


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95059. Billon denaro, Spahr 199, MEC Italy III 609A, MIR Sicily 138, Biaggi 1277 (R2), F, green patina, small irregular ragged flan, light corrosion, light encrustations, legend weak, weight 0.498 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + SICILIE REX, Ω over R ; $27.00 SALE PRICE $24.30


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95054. Billon denaro, Spahr 198, MIR Sicilia 136, MEC 14 604, Travaini 69, F, green patina, typical small squared flan, weight 0.606 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, cross patte; reverse + REX SICILIE, large S, flanked on each side by a pellet; $26.00 SALE PRICE $23.40


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The inscriptions are only fragmentary, but it is doubtful this type exists will full inscriptions.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95061. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81, F, green patina, typical small squared flan, light corrosion, light earthen deposits, weight 0.611 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $26.00 SALE PRICE $23.40




  



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REFERENCES

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Biaggi, E. Monete e Zecche medievali Italiane dal Sec. VIII al Sec. XV. (Torino, 1992).
Calciati, R. Monete Bizantine di Bronzo della Sicilia. (Cairo, 2000).
Chimiernti, M. & F. Rapposelli. Monete Italiane Regionali: Italia meridionale continentale: zecche minori. (Pavia, 2010).
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Fabrizi, D. Monete Italiane Regionali: Napoli. (Pavie, 2010).
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Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Spahr, R. Le Monete Siciliane, dai Bizantini a Carlo I d' Angio (582 - 1282). (Graz, 1976).
Spahr, R. Le Monete Siciliane, dagli Aragonesi ai Borboni (1282 - 1836). (Basel/Graz, 1982).
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Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 1914).
Travaini, L. "Hohenstaufen and Angevin denari of Sicily and Southern Italy: their mint attributions" in NC 1993.
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Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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