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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Holyland Crusaders||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of the Holyland Crusaders
Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Tancred,| |Regent,| |March| |1101| |-| |May| |1103| |and| |Late| |1104| |-| |December| |1112||follis|
Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.
CR111241. Bronze follis, Metcalf Crusades pl. 4, 63 - 70; Malloy Crusaders p. 199, 4a, aVF, dark patina, earthen deposits, off center, weight 3.318 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1104 - 1112 A.D.; obverse bearded facing bust of Tancred, wearing turban and chain armor, sword in right hand; reverse cross pommee, fleuronne at base, IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) in angles; ex Morton & Eden auction 119 (6 Dec 2022), lot 333 (part of); $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Bohemond III, 1163 - 1201

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Bohemond| |III,| |1163| |-| |1201||denier|
Bohemond III of Antioch, also known as the Stammerer or the Stutterer, was Prince of Antioch from 1163 to his death. He was a son of Constance of Antioch by her first husband Raymond of Poitiers. His name is sometimes spelled Bohemund. As a child, Bohemond III's mother ruled as regent. Then her second husband Raynald of Chtillon ruled as Prince of Antioch until he was captured. Bohemond was then of legal age to succeed, but Constance refused. King Baldwin III of Jerusalem intervened and declared Bohemond ruler of the principality. Constance asked the he Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia to help her keep rule, but the citizens of Antioch rioted. She was exiled, Bohemond took control, and she died later that year.1165_Map
CR111226. Billon denier, Malloy Crusaders p. 206, 26; Metcalf Crusades pl. 15, 349, aVF, speckled toning, clashed dies, edge chips, weight 0.649 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, minority under regents, 1149 - 1163; obverse + BOAMVNDVS (square A and V's), bare head right, linear portrait,; reverse + ANTIOCHIA (square A's), cross patte, annulet in first quarter; ex Morton & Eden auction 119 (6 Dec 2022), lot 333 (part of); $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Tancred,| |Regent,| |March| |1101| |-| |May| |1103| |and| |Late| |1104| |-| |December| |1112||follis|
Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.
CR98529. Bronze follis, Metcalf Crusades pl. 3, 50; Malloy Crusaders p. 199, 3a; Schlumberger pl. II, 6, aVF, colorful patina, light deposits, weight 2.877 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse nimbate bust of St. Peter (patron saint of Antioch) facing, short curly hair and curly beard, scroll in right hand, cross in left hand, O / ΠE-TP/O/C (TP ligate) divided across field; reverse + / KE BOI /ΘH TO ΔV / ΛO COV T/ANKPI (O Lord, help your servant Tancred) in five lines; ex Leu Numismatik auction 16 (22 May 2021), lot 4200; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Tancred,| |Regent,| |March| |1101| |-| |May| |1103| |and| |Late| |1104| |-| |December| |1112||follis|
Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.
CR98525. Bronze follis, Metcalf Crusades pl. III, 50; Malloy Crusaders p. 199, 3a; Schlumberger pl. II, 6, aVF, tight ragged flan, porosity, areas of weak strike, light scrapes, weight 3.744 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 1101 - 1103; obverse nimbate bust of St. Peter (patron saint of Antioch) facing, short curly hair and curly beard, scroll in right hand, cross in left hand, O / ΠE-TP/O/C (TP ligate) divided across field; reverse + / KE BOI /ΘH TO ΔV / ΛO COV T/ANKPI (O Lord, help your servant Tancred) in five lines; ex Leu Numismatik auction 16 (22 May 2021), lot 4202; ex J. Knudsen collection (formed from the late 1970s to the late 1990s); $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268

|Holyland| |Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Late| |Anonymous,| |1250| |-| |1268||AE| |15|
From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. See Malloy Crusaders p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.

Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land and collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

Antioch existed for over 1500 years, it was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."

Historically of great importance, this coin was minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.

SH31532. Bronze AE 15, Malloy Crusaders p. 232, 132 var., F, weight 0.316 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse A/N-T/I counterclockwise in the angles of a long cross patte; reverse blundered ANTI in the angles of a long cross patte; unpublished variety of an extremely rare type; SOLD


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tripoli, Sidon or Uncertain Syria, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268

|Holyland| |Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Tripoli,| |Sidon| |or| |Uncertain| |Syria,| |Late| |Anonymous,| |1250| |-| |1268||pougeoise|
From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. See Malloy Crusaders p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.

Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

Antioch existed for over 1500 years, was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of about 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."

Unique and historically important, this coin was minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.

SH32275. Bronze pougeoise, Unpublished and unique!, see Malloy Crusaders p. 176 for similar six-rayed chrismon pommet types, aF, weight 1.185 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, obverse six-rayed chrismon pommet, pellet between each ray, obscure (probably blundered) Latin inscription; reverse five-rayed chrismon pommet (expected type is a cross pommet), pellet between each ray, obscure (probably blundered) Latin inscription; unique!; SOLD


Crusaders, Kingdom of Jerusalem, John of Brienne, 1210 - 1225

|Holyland| |Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Kingdom| |of| |Jerusalem,| |John| |of| |Brienne,| |1210| |-| |1225||denier|
John of Brienne also known as John I, was King of Jerusalem from 1210 to 1225 and Latin Emperor of Constantinople from 1229 to 1237 as the senior co-ruler (with Baldwin II). John was the first king of Jerusalem to visit Europe to seek assistance for the Holy Land. He gave his daughter in marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in 1225, and Frederick in turn ended John's rule of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. He was a commander of Pope Gregory IX's army during Gregory's war against Frederick in 1228 and 1229.
CR98080. Billon denier, Malloy Crusaders p. 80, 43; Metcalf 205 var. (annulets vice pellets), aVF, toned, porous, ragged edge, weight 0.668 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Egypt, Damietta mint, 1219 - 1225; obverse IOhES REX, cross patte, pellets in second and third quarters; reverse DAMIATA, crowned bust facing, three pellets on crown, locks of hair curled outwards; SOLD


Crusaders, County of Edessa, Baldwin II, Regent 1119 - 1126

|Malloy| |Crusader| |Collection|, |Crusaders,| |County| |of| |Edessa,| |Baldwin| |II,| |Regent| |1119| |-| |1126||AE| |15|
From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. Ex Sotheby's auction 10-14-99. Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

In 1098 the unpopular and childless ruler of Edessa, Toros, invited the aid of the crusader Baldwin de Boulogne, adopted him as his son and appointed him co-regent. A month later, Toros was dethroned and executed. Edessa was the first state created by the crusaders, on 10 March 1098, and was also the first to fall. On 3 November 1146, Edessa was conquered by Nur-ad-Din Mahmud.
SH31974. Bronze AE 15, Malloy Crusaders p. 246, 15c; Pesant, Num. Circ. (1982), 2, aVF, weight 1.641 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 270o, obverse + BANT/ΓΔ OY/INXO/MI (Baldwin, count), legend in four lines; reverse + STAV9IC NIXACI (By the Cross may you conquer), cross patte, pellet at the end of each arm except the bottom bifurcated arm; extremely rare; SOLD


Crusaders, County of Edessa, Baldwin II, Regent 1119 - 1126

|Malloy| |Crusader| |Collection|, |Crusaders,| |County| |of| |Edessa,| |Baldwin| |II,| |Regent| |1119| |-| |1126||AE| |15|
From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. Ex Sotheby's auction 10-14-99. Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

In 1098 the unpopular and childless ruler of Edessa, Toros, invited the aid of the crusader Baldwin de Boulogne, adopted him as his son and appointed him co-regent. A month later, Toros was dethroned and executed. Edessa was the first state created by the crusaders, on 10 March 1098, and was also the first to fall. On 3 November 1146, Edessa was conquered by Nur-ad-Din Mahmud.
SH31975. Bronze AE 15, Malloy Crusaders p. 246, 15c; Pesant, Num. Circ. (1982), 2, aVF, weight 1.275 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, obverse + BANT/ΓΔ OY/INXO/MI (Baldwin, count), legend in four lines; reverse +STAV9IC NIXACI (By the Cross may you conquer), cross patte, pellet at the end of each arm except the bottom bifurcated arm; extremely rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Baldwin III, 1143 - 1163

|Malloy| |Crusader| |Collection|, |Crusaders,| |Kingdom| |of| |Jerusalem,| |Baldwin| |III,| |1143| |-| |1163||cut| |fragment|
This is the plate coin in Malloy, Preston and Seltman's Coins of the Crusader States.

From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex CNA IV mail bid sale, lot 400816, 21 Sep 1988.
SH32094. Gold cut fragment, Malloy Crusaders p. 84, 59 & pl. 1, 59 (this coin), VF, weight 0.623 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, Jerusalem mint, obverse LE + C, six-pointed star pattern; reverse V : S, multifoil; SOLD







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