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Roman Republic, Gnaeus Pompey Junior, Imperator, Eldest Son of Pompey the Great, Executed in 45 B.C.
After the murder of his father, Gnaeus Pompey Magnus Junior and his brother Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in Africa. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the Younger and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army. Caesar defeated Metellus Scipio and Cato, who subsequently committed suicide, at the Battle of Thapsus in 46 B.C. Gnaeus escaped to the Balearic Islands, where he joined Sextus. Together with Titus Labienus, former general in Caesar's army, the Pompey brothers crossed over to the Hispania, where they raised yet another army. Caesar soon followed and, on 17 March 45 B.C., the armies met in the battle of Munda. Both armies were large and led by able generals. The battle was closely fought, but eventually a cavalry charge by Caesar turned events to his side. In the battle and the panicked escape that followed, Titus Labienus and an estimated 30,000 men of the Pompeian side died. Gnaeus and Sextus managed to escape once again. However, this time, supporters were difficult to find because it was now clear Caesar had won the civil war. Within a few weeks, Gnaeus Pompeius was caught and executed for treason.RR97393. Bronze as, Crawford 471/1, Sydenham 1040, RPC I 486, BMCRR Spain 84, Russo RBW, 1646, Sear CRI 53, Cohen I 16, SRCV I 1386, aF/F, dark patina, red earthen deposits, porous, scratches, broken - 1/5 missing, weight 17.973 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 270o, Hispania, Cordoba mint, summer 46 - spring 45 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse war galley prow right, CN MAG (MA ligate) above, I (mark of value) right, IMP below (off flan); ex Soler y Llach (Barcelona); $115.00 (€94.30)
Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Hostilius Saserna, 48 B.C.
A very popular type that may depict the Gallic chieftain Vercingetorix. Vercingetorix had surrendered to Caesar three years earlier and was a prisoner in the Tullianum at Rome when this coin was minted. He was publicly beheaded as part of Caesar's triumph in 46 B.C.SH18013. Silver denarius, SRCV I 418, Crawford 448/2a, RSC I Hostilia 2, Sydenham 952, Choice VF, weight 3.802 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 48 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Gallic captive (Vercingetorix?) right, Gallic shield behind; reverse L HOSTILIVS SASERN, Gallic warrior and charioteer in galloping biga right; scarce; SOLD
Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, C. Antius C. f. Restio, 47 B.C.
Issued during Caesar's dictatorship. The Herakles reverse relates to the supposed descent of the Antia gens from Antiades, son of Hercules and Aglaia. The trophy is not one of Hercules normal attributes and may refer to Caesar's military exploits. Antius Restio was proscribed by the triumval government in 43 B.C. and fled to Sicily and the protection of Sextus Pompey.SH54899. Silver denarius, Crawford 455/2a, RSC I Antia 2, Sydenham 971, Sear CRI 35, BMCRE Rome 4032, Russo RBW 1594, SRCV I 435, EF, toned, reverse off center, weight 3.965 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 47 B.C.; obverse DEI PENATES, jugate heads of Dei Penates right; reverse C·ANTIVS·C·F, Hercules walking left, nude, raising club in right, trophy in left, Nemean lion skin over left arm; ex Tom Cederlind; scarce; SOLD
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