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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Valerian IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D.

Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus (Valerian II) was the son of Gallienus and Salonina, Grandson of Valerian I and Mariniana, and was raised to the rank of Caesar upon his father's accession. He died two years later.


Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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Athena, in addition to being the Greek goddess of Wisdom, is goddess of many things, among them law and justice. In Aeschylus’ tragedy "The Eumenides." Orestes is pursued to Athens by the vengeful Erinyes for the murder of his mother, Clytemnestra. Athena intervenes and sets up a jury of twelve Athenians to judge Orestes. Athena herself presides over the trial, instructing her citizens to watch and learn how a trial should be conducted. Apollo speaks on behalf of Orestes, while the Erinyes act as advocates for the dead Clytemnestra. The vote is a tie, but Athena persuades the Erinyes to accept her own decision in favor of Orestes as the casting vote.
RP88905. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG Pfalz 885; SNG Cop 434; BMC Lycia p. 163, 127; SNG BnF -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -; SNG Hunterian -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), VF, porosity, a little off center, parts of legends weakly struck, weight 17.787 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 45o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse KAI CEB ΠOY ΛIK KOP OV AΛEPIANON, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, eagle facing below bust with head right and wings open; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Athena standing facing, head left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, dropping pebble (vote) with right hand into amphora to left (obliterated by counter-marking), palm frond in right hand; only two sales recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


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Valerian II was son of Gallienus and Salonina, Grandson of Valerian I and Mariniana. He was raised to the rank of Caesar upon his father's accession but died only two years later.
RS86675. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 911e, SRCV III 10606, RIC V-1 9 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 5, Choice EF, among the finest examples of the type, nearly as struck, light toning, much luster, slight double strike, some die wear, edge cracks, weight 3.058 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, posthumous, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse DIVO VALERIANO CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse CONSECRATIO, Valerian II carried into the heavens seated on eagle flying right, waiving his right hand, scepter in his left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; SOLD


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Superb angelic portrait of unusual style. Natural rainbow toning.
RA07626. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 265h, RIC V-1 27, RSC IV 7, SRCV III -, aEF, struck with cracked die, slightly irregular flan, slight porosity on reverse, weight 3.96 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse DIVO CAES VALERIANO, radiate head right; reverse CONSECRATIO, eagle standing right head left, S in exergue; from the Scott Collection; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CPLVALERIANVSCAES
CORLICVALERIANVSCAES
CORVALERIANVSCAESAR
DIVOCAESVALERIANO
DIVOCAESARVALERIANO
DIVOCAESARIVALERIANO
DIVOVALERIANOCAES
LICVALERIANVSCAES
PCLVALERIANVSCAES
PCLVALERIANVSNC
PCLVALERIANVSNOBC
PCLVALERIANVSNOBCAES
PLICCORVALERIANVSCAES
PLICVALERIANVSCAES
VALERIANVSCAES
VALERIANVSNOBILCAES


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourdel, B. Les Antoniniens emis sous le regne conjoint des empereurs Valerien et Gallien, Mariniane, Salonine, Valerien II, Salonin (253-260 Apr. J.-C.). (2017).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. (London, 1988).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham, & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaad, D. & J. Lafaurie. Le trésor d'Eauze. (Toulouse, 1992).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, June 24, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Valerian II