Welcome Guest. Please login or register.All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity!Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958.Thanks for your business!Welcome Guest. Please login or register.Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone.Please call if you have questions 252-646-1958.Thanks for your business!
Boiotia, also spelled Boeotia, was a region of Greece north of Attica and the Gulf of Corinth. The cities formed the Boeotian League in the sixth century B.C. but were usually under the dominance of Thebes. It was the constant ambition of the Thebans to absorb the other towns into a single state, just as Athens had annexed the Attic communities. But the cities successfully resisted, and only allowed a loose federation. Resistance to Thebes led to repeated interference by Athens and Sparta. After Thebes was destroyed by Alexander the Great in 335 B.C., the Boeotians never again pursued independence. About 245 B.C., Boeotia was for a short time a member of the Aetolian League, but it was generally loyal to Macedonia and supported Macedonia against Rome. Rome dissolved the league, but it was revived under Augustus and merged with the other central Greek federations in the Achaean synod. The death-blow to the country's prosperity was devastation during the First Mithridatic War.
Boiotia, Greece, Boiotian League, 287 - 244 B.C.
This is the first example of this type handled by Forum. BCD notes this type is not particularly rare but circulated extensively and are therefore very difficult to find in nice condition.GB74962. Bronze AE 20, BCD Boiotia 82, Head Boeotia p. 83, pl. VI, 2; BMC CentralGreece p. 39, 64 and pl. VI, 2; SNG Cop 376, VF, weight 6.592 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 287 - 244 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet; reversetrophy of arms, B-OIWTWN downward on right; ex BCD with his tag noting, "Ex D.D. Thz. exch. Nov. 86 to the value of $15.-"; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)
Boiotia, Greece, Boiotian League, 287 - 244 B.C.
Apollo's most famous attribute is the tripod, symbolic of his prophetic powers. His priestess sat on a tripod chewing laurel leaves and inhaling hallucinating vapors from a fissure in the floor. After she mumbled her answer, a male priest would translate it. The tripod is also a symbol of Dionysos because the bowl was used to mix wine. Ancient Greeks sayings include, "wine is truth" and "wine reveals the heart of man," and those who speak the truth were said to "speak from the tripod." Athenaeus wrote, "The tripod is proper to Apollo because of its prophetic truth, while to Dionysos it is proper because of the truth of wine" (Deipnosophistae 2).GB74963. Bronze AE 17, BCD Boiotia 87 corr.; Head Boeotia p. 83, pl. VI, 4; BMC Central p. 40, 72, pl. VI, 5 corr.; Winterthur 1929 corr., F, green patina, well centered, a little rough, weight 3.189 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, 287 - 244 B.C.; obversehead of young Dionysos right, wearing ivy-wreath; reverseApollo seated left on cippus decorated with trident head left, bow in right hand, leaning back on left hand on cippus behind, tripod on far side of cippus behind Apollo; Π within wreath on left, BOIΩTΩN downward on right; ex BCD with his round tag noting, "ABH, Oct. 78, £5.-"; rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
Boiotia, Greece, Boiotian League, c. 225 - 171 B.C.
Because nearly all examples of this type are very worn, most references incorrectly identify the patera as a wreath.
After the destruction of Thebes by Alexander in 335 B.C., the Boeotians never again pursued independent policy, but followed protecting powers. Unable to defend its frontiers, the land became more than ever the "dancing-ground of Ares." Boeotia was generally loyal to Macedon, and supported its kings against Rome. Devastation during the First Mithridatic War was a death-blow to the country's prosperity. Rome dissolved the league, but it was revived under Augustus and merged with the other central Greek federations in the Achaean synod.GB74968. Bronze AE 16, BCD Boiotia 145; Imhoof-Blumer Boeotiens 33; BMC Central p. 43, 105, pl. VI, 11 corr.; Head Boeotia p. 90, pl. VI, 8 corr.; SNG Cop 394 corr., aF, green patina, weight 3.426 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, federal mint, c. 225 - 171 B.C.; obverse Boiotian ox-hide shield, club across one end; reverse BOIΩTΩN (downward on right), Nike standing left, patera in right, trident vertical behind in left; ex BCD Collection with his tag noting "Found in Central Greece?"; extremely rare; $45.00 (€38.25)
Thespiai, Boiotia, Greece, 146 - 27 B.C.
Thespiae stood on level ground commanded by the low range of hills which run eastward from the foot of Mount Helicon to Thebes, near modern Thespies. During the Hellenistic Period, Thespiae sought the friendship of the Roman Republic in the war against Mithridates VI. It is subsequently mentioned by Strabo as a place of some size, and by Pliny as a free city within the Roman Empire, a reward for its support against Mithridates. Thespiae hosted an important group of Roman negotiatores until the refoundation of Corinth in 44 B.C.GB76253. Bronze AE 16, BCD Boiotia 611; Head Boeotia p. 94, pl. VI, 13; BMC Central p. 92, 14, pl. XVI, 12; SNG Cop 406 - 407; HGC 4 1408 (S), F, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 4.046 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 90o, Thespiai mint, 146 - 27 B.C.; obverse female (Arsinoe III) head right, wearing kalathos and veil; reversechelys, ΘEΣΠI/EΩN in two downward lines, starting on right, ending on left, all in laurel wreath; ex BCD with his tag noting, "Ex Ian Johnson, FPL, Vol. XI, no. 5, Sep 92, no. 4"; scarce; $45.00 (€38.25)
Thebes, Boiotia, c. 315 - 288 B.C.
The largest city in Boeotia, Thebes was leader of the Boeotian confederacy. A rival of Athens, Thebes sided with Persia during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to Philip II at Chaeronea in 338. Thebes was the dominant city-state in Greece prior to its destruction by Alexander in 335 B.C.GB76311. Bronze AE 13, BCD Boiotia 582; Head Boeotia p. 81, pl. V, 15; BMC Central p. 87, 203, pl XVI, 1; SNG Cop 373, SNG Alpha Bank -; SNG Christomanos -, aVF, weight 1.580 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, Thebes mint, Macedonian hegemony, c. 315 - 288 B.C.; obversehead of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse filleted thyrsos left above, ΘHBAIΩN across center, club left below; ex BCD Collection with his round tag noting, "Bought at Baldwin's, Dec. 1970, for £1.-"; $38.00 (€32.30)
Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines, Vol. III: Les monnaies de la Grece centrale et meridionale, aux Ve et IVe siecles avant J.-C. (Paris, 1914).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Bérend, D. "Réflexions sur les fractions du monnayage grècques" in Studies Mildenberg.
Bloesch, H. Griechische Münzen In Winterthur. (Winterthur, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Brett, A. Catalogue of Greek Coins, Boston Museum of Fine Arts. (Boston, 1955).
Classical Numismatic Group. The BCD Collection of the Coinage of Boiotia. Triton IX Auction, Session 1 (10 January 2006, New York).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Volume II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, and Greece. (London, 1924).
Grose, S. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fitzwilliam Museum, Vol. I - III. (Cambridge, 1923-29).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Central Greece (Lorcris, Phocis, Boeotia, and Euboea). (London, 1884).
Head, B. On the chronological sequence of the coins of Boeotia. (London, 1881).
Hepworth, R. "Epaminondas' coinage" in Proceedings of the 10th International Numismatic Congress. (London, 1986).
Hepworth, R. "The 4th Century BC Magistrate Coinage of the Boiotian Confederacy" in NK 17 (1998).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC6. (New York, 1985).
Price, M. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 1: Europe. (London, 1978). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 3: Akarnanien-Bithynien. (Berlin, 1985). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland Sammlung der Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig. (München, 1993-2008). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain I, Part 2: The Newham Davis Coins in the Marischal College Aberdeen. (London, 1936). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain III, R.C. Lockett Collection, Part 3: Macedonia - Aegina (gold and silver). (London, 1942). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections. (London, 1940-1971). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection.(Oxford, 1972-1992). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 3, Collection Antoine Christomanos. (Athens, 2004). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 6, The Alpha Bank Numismatic Collection, From Thessaly to Euboea. (Athens, 2011). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sweden I, The collection of His Late Majesty King Gustaf VI Adolf and the Fred Forbat collection. (Stockholm, 1974). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sweden II, The Collection of the Royal Coin Cabinet, National Museum of Monetary History, Part 2: Thrace-Euboia. (Stockholm, 1980).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Thompson, M. The Agrinion Hoard. ANSNNM 159 (1968).
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).
Catalog current as of Thursday, March 21, 2019. Page created in 0.705 seconds.