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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Capricorn||View Options:  |  |  | 

Capricorns on Ancient Coins
Parium, Mysia, Mid 3rd century A.D.

|Parium|, |Parium,| |Mysia,| |Mid| |3rd| |century| |A.D.||AE| |22|
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion was a major coastal city, near Lampsacus, with two harbors used to connect Thrace with Anatolia. Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. The last Attalid king, Attalus III died without issue and bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 B.C. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia. It was the main customs station through which all goods bound for Byzantium from Greece and the Aegean had to pass. Today it is the village of Kemer in the township of Biga, Canakkale province, Turkey.
RP98177. Bronze AE 22, BMC 83 var. (head left, obv. leg.), SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, gVF, green patina, porous, earthen deposits, weight 4.806 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 90o, Parium (Kemer, Turkey) mint, c. mid 3rd century A.D.; obverse PARIOC CH (or similar) counterclockwise, youthful head of Parius (the mythical founder of the city) right; reverse Capricorn right, cornucopia above, C G I H P (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) counterclockwise below; extremely rare; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||denarius|
Magnificent quality. Superb portrait of the finest Greek style. Rare in Greek style because most denarii of this type were struck in "Colonia Patricia" style.
SH16768. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1592, RIC I 541, BMCRE I 664, superb EF, weight 3.850 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Asia Minor mint, 27 - 20 B.C.; obverse laureate head right, dot border; reverse AVGVSTVS, capricorn left, holding globe, cornucopia above, rudder below; extraordinary high relief impossible to capture in a photograph, lustrous and nearly as struck; rare; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||denarius|
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.
SH84736. Silver denarius, BnF I 1271 (same dies, attributed to auxiliary workshop, Colonia Patricia), RIC I 126 (R2), RSC I 21, BMCRE I 346, Hunter I 145, SRCV I 1592, Choice aMS, nearly as struck, mint luster, well centered and bold strike, a few light marks, obverse die wear, weight 3.809 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Spanish (Colonia Patricia?) mint, 16 B.C.; obverse bare head right, dot border, anepigraphic; reverse capricorn right, filleted cornucopia overflowing with grain and fruit on its back, celestial globe and rudder with tiller held between hooves, AVGVSTVS below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; scarce; SOLD


Cornelia Supera, Wife of Aemilian, Who Reigned 253 A.D., Parion, Mysia

|Parium|, |Cornelia| |Supera,| |Wife| |of| |Aemilian,| |Who| |Reigned| |253| |A.D.,| |Parion,| |Mysia||AE| |21|
Cornelia Supera is unknown to history, except through her coins. Her coins indicate she was probably the wife of Aemilian. C G I H P is an abbreviation for Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana.
SH06010. Bronze AE 21, RPC Online IX 382 (11 spec.), SNGvA 7448, BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -, SNG BnF -, aVF, weight 3.78 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 253 A.D.; obverse G CORN SUPERA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse Capricorn right, cornucopia on back; globe between legs (Sear describes as a star, but this appears to be a globe, C G I H P (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; very rare; SOLD


Cornelia Supera, Wife of Aemilian, 253 A.D., Parium, Mysia

|Parium|, |Cornelia| |Supera,| |Wife| |of| |Aemilian,| |253| |A.D.,| |Parium,| |Mysia||AE| |23|
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion is now the village of Kemer in the township of Biga in Canakkale province of Turkey. In the Roman period, it was a major coastal city with two harbors used to connect Thrace with Anatolia. This was the main customs station through which all goods bound for Byzantium from Greece and the Aegean had to pass. It belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. In Roman times, it was a colonia, within the province of Asia. After that province was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus. The ancient coinage of Parium is quite abundant.
RP89299. Bronze AE 23, RPC IX 381, SNGvA 7448, SNG Cop 302, cf. SNG BnF 1519/1518, VF, crude style, weight 4.203 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 270o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 253 A.D.; obverse C CORN SVPERA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane and beaded necklace; reverse C G I H P, blundered capricorn flying right, cornucopia projecting upwards from back; rare; SOLD







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