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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Philippopolis||View Options:  |  |  | 

Philippopolis, Thrace

Philippopolis is Plovdiv, Bulgaria today. A Neolithic settlement dating around 4000 B.C. establishes Plovdiv as among the world's oldest cities. It was a walled Thracian city called Eumolpias when it was conquered by Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great. He renamed it Philippopolis. When it regained independence, the new Thracian name was Pulpudeva. In Latin it was sometimes called Trimontium (City of Three Hills). An important crossroads in the Roman Empire, it became the capital of Roman Thracia.

Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Philippopolis, Thrace

|Philippopolis|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Philippopolis,| |Thrace||medallion|
Nomos described this coin as, "An extraordinary piece, especially with remains of its original silver plating. Some marks from cleaning, otherwise, about extremely fine."
SH85458. Bronze medallion, okatassarion or quinarius; SNG Cop 784; Varbanov III 1721 (R8); Mionnet I, p. 419, 358 (R6); Mouchmov 5428 (all same dies), aEF, cleaning marks, areas of light corrosion, weight 38.718 g, maximum diameter 40.8 mm, die axis 15o, Philippopolis (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYPΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed three-quarter length bust of Elagabalus left; reverse MHTPOΠOΛEΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEΩC NEΩ KOPOY, youthful Herakles standing left, nude but for lion's skin draped around his left forearm, resting his right hand on the handle of a club set on the ground and holding an apple in his left hand; big 40.8mm bronze!, ex Nomos AG, auction 10 (18 May 2015), lot 115 (realized approximately $4686 including buyers fee); extremely rare; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Philippopolis, Thrace

|Philippopolis|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Philippopolis,| |Thrace||assarion|
Wandering the world in a panther-drawn chariot, Dionysus rode ahead of the maenads and satyrs, who sang loudly and danced, flushed with wine. They were profusely garlanded with ivy and held the thyrsus, a staff topped with a pine-cone, a symbol of the immortality of his believers. Everywhere he went he taught men how to cultivate vines, and the mysteries of his cult. Whoever stood in his way and refused to revere him was punished with madness.
RP68934. Bronze assarion, Varbanov III 1551 (R6), Mouchmov Philip 425, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Fitz -, SNG Hunt -, SNG Milan -, Lindgren -, et. al. -, VF, scratch on reverse, weight 3.191 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 225o, Philippopolis (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, obverse M AYP KAI − ANTΩNEINO (NE ligate), bare-headed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEI,TΩN (ending in exergue), Dionysos reclining half-left on panther walking right, thyrsos in right, resting on left elbow on panther's back; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 215, part of lot 3645; rare; SOLD


|Philippopolis|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Philippopolis,| |Thrace||8| |assaria|
The reverse legend refers to the Kendreisian and the Pythian games, held at Philippopolis in honor of Apollo (assimilated with the Thracian god Kendrisos).

The features of the obverse coin have been recut (tooled) to make them appear less worn.
RP16737. Bronze 8 assaria, Mionnet Suppl. II 1630, Varbanov 1446 var, tooled, weight 21.734 g, maximum diameter 36.6 mm, die axis 45o, Philippopolis (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AYT K M AYP M A − ANTΩNEINOC CEB, radiate and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right, from behind; reverse KEN∆PEIXEIA ΠYΘIA EN ΦIΛIΠΠO ΠOΛINEΩ/KOPΩ, octastyle temple of Apollo Kendrisos with acroteria and disk in the pediment; obverse tooled, natural green patina on reverse, flan crack at 9:00; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Bernhart, M. "Dionysos und seine Familie auf griechischen Münzen" in JNG I (1949).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 2: Sicily - Thrace. (London, 1947).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain - Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grèce 1, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis, Part 1: Italie. Sicile - Thrace
. (Athens, 1970).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, VI. Macedonia - Thracia, Part 3: Chersonesus Tauricus, Sarmatia, Thracia, Chersonesus Thraciae, Isole della Thracia. (Milan, 2000).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).
Varbanov, I. The Coinage of Philippopolis. (Bourgas, 2019).

Catalog current as of Sunday, October 25, 2020.
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