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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty| ▸ |Justinian I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

Joint rule with Justin I (his uncle), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.
Justinian I served his uncle, Emperor Justin I, throughout his reign formulating most imperial policy. Recognizing his brilliance, he was rapidly promoted and in the final months of Justin's reign, he was made co-emperor. Justinian's sole rule began on 1 August 527 and lasted almost four decades during which he re-conquered much of the empire lost during the preceding century, including North Africa, Italy, and parts of Spain. He is well known for his codification of the legal system. His grand scale building program included St Sophia, which still stands as the centerpiece of modern Istanbul. Unfortunately, his ambitious efforts strained the empire's resources and depleted the treasure built by Anastasius. Most of the territory he gained was lost shortly after his death.
Byzantine Empire under Justinian 550 AD

Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.||decanummium|
In 541 A.D. the Plague of Justinian (Bubonic plague) appeared suddenly in the Egyptian port of Pelusium, spread to Alexandria and, the following year, to Constantinople. This was the beginning of a 200-year-long pandemic that devastated Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa.
BZ96646. Bronze decanummium, DOC I 299, Ratto 715, Sommer 4.131, Hahn MIB 199, SBCV 270, Morrisson BnF 4/CT/AE/41a, Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, F, brown patina, porous, weight 5.399 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 542 - 543 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, pearl diademed, paludamentum and cuirassed bust right; reverse large I (10 nummi), cross above, ANNO downward to left, X/VI (year 16) in two lines on right, KAR (Carthage) in exergue; scarce; $35.00 (35.35)


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.||decanummium|
In 562, Belisarius stood trial for corruption in Constantinople, possibly with Procopius acting as praefectus urbi. He was found guilty and sent to prison.
BZ99574. Bronze decanummium, DOC I 353 (Ravenna), Wroth BMC 407 (Ravenna), SBCV 326 (Ravenna), Hahn MIB I 29a (Rome), Sommer 4.155 (Rome), Ratto -, aF, weight 2.846 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Ravenna or Rome mint, 562 - 563 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger in right, shield in left; reverse large I (10 nummi), ANNO left, XX/XVI (regnal year 36) right, all within wreath, no mintmark; from the Ed Strivelli Collection, ex FORVM (2019); $4.55 (4.60)


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.||solidus|
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.
SH10977. Gold solidus, DOC I 7 (Constantinople), Hahn MIB 22, SBCV 138 (note), EF, mint luster, weight 3.999 g, maximum diameter 20.25 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield on left arm decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors) (no officina letter), angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; ex Tom Cederlind; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Waage, D. Antioch-on-the-Orontes, Vol. 4, Part 2: Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Crusaders' Coins. (Princeton, 1952).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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