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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Cyzicus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey)

Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. According to tradition, it was founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly and later received many colonies from Miletus. Like the other Greek cities in Asia, it fell under the rule of the Persia Empire until Alexander the Great captured it in 334 B.C. In 74 B.C. the city, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterwards of Hellespontus. Dates of operation: The Cyzicus mint was opened by Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.) and continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era. Mintmarks: C, CM, CVZ (sometimes with the Z reversed), CVZIC, K, KVZ, MC, MK, MKV, SMK.

Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||post-reform| |radiate|
On 1 March 293, Diocletian and Maximian appointed Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the Quattuor Principes Mundi ("Four Rulers of the World"). The four Tetrarchs established their capitals close to the Roman frontier: Diocletian at Nicomedia in Bithynia (Izmit, Turkey), Maximian at Mediolanum in Italy (Milan, Italy), Constantius at Augusta Treverorum in Gallia Belgica (Trier, Germany), and Galerius at Sirmium in Pannonia (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia).
RL94881. Billon post-reform radiate, Hunter V 88 (also 5th officina), RIC VI 16b, SRCV IV 13315, Cohen VI 54, Choice gVF, nice near black desert patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, excellent portrait, well centered, weight 3.939 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, 5th Officina Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 295 - 299 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus standing right, holding short scepter and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter; Jupiter standing left, holding long scepter in right hand, K E low center between them; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $100.00 (€82.00)
 


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

|Galerius|, |Galerius,| |1| |March| |305| |-| |5| |May| |311| |A.D.||follis|
Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Virtus applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn virtus, even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other good qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RT96899. Billon follis, RIC VI Cyzicus 59, SRCV IV 14578, Cohen VII 231, Hunter V -, gVF, well centered, sharp portrait detail, flow lines, porosity, pin-prick pitting on reverse, reverse die wear, edge slightly ragged, weight 5.856 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint mint, Group IV, Class II, 309-10 A.D.; obverse GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVTI EXERCITVS (courage of the army), Virtus advancing right in military dress, spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder and shield in left, A - * across fields, MKV in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (€65.60)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|NEW
On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL97859. Billon heavy maiorina, Hunter V 103 (also 3rd officina), RIC VIII Cyzicus 92, LRBC II 2486, SRCV V 18166, Cohen VII 46, VF, centered on a tight oval flan, small edge cracks, minor flan flaws (crackled surface(, weight 4.930 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier standing left, spearing fallen bearded horseman laying over horse's neck, head turned back, raising hand toward soldier, oval shield on the ground at feet, Γ (control mark) upper left, SMKS (Sacra Moneta Kyzikos Sextus - sacred money of the Cyzicus mint, sixth officina) in exergue; $80.00 (€65.60)
 


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||post-reform| |radiate|
On 1 March 293, Diocletian and Maximian appointed Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the Quattuor Principes Mundi ("Four Rulers of the World"). The four Tetrarchs established their capitals close to the Roman frontier: Diocletian at Nicomedia in Bithynia (Izmit, Turkey), Maximian at Mediolanum in Italy (Milan, Italy), Constantius at Augusta Treverorum in Gallia Belgica (Trier, Germany), and Galerius at Sirmium in Pannonia (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia).
RL94866. Billon post-reform radiate, Hunter V 83 (also 2nd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 16b, SRCV IV 13315, Cohen VI 54, Choice VF, dark green patina with highlighting "desert patina" earthen deposits, weight 4.056 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 295 - 299 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Emperor on left, standing right, wearing military dress, baton in right hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, Jupiter nude but for cloak on shoulders, standing left leaning on long scepter in left hand, Victory holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left hand, KB low center; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $70.00 (€57.40)
 


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||post-reform| |radiate|
In 297, Maximian began an offensive against the Berbers in Mauritania, North Africa. He drove them back into their homelands in the Atlas Mountains and spent the rest of the winter in Carthage. On 10 March 298, Maximian celebrated a Triumph in Carthage to conclude his campaign.
RL94874. Copper post-reform radiate, Hunter V 83 (also 2nd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 16b, SRCV IV 13315, Cohen VI 54, aVF, desert patina, weight 2.613 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 295 - 299 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximian standing right receiving victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, KB in center; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $65.00 (€53.30)
 


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Maximian was emperor of the West in the Tetrarchy, abdicating with Diocletian in 305. In 306 he resumed the throne with his son Maxentius but was again forced to abdicate in 308. He took the throne again in 310 but this time he was defeated by Constantine the Great and forced to commit suicide.
RL94879. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 53 (also 4th officina), SRCV IV 13115, Cohen VI 53, RIC V-2 607 var. (no dot exergue), VF, highlighting desert patina, full border obv., small spot of corrosion on obv., rev. die wear, rev. slightly off center, weight 3.883 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 292 - 294 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus standing right, holding scepter and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long scepter, ∆ between them, XXI• in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $65.00 (€53.30)
 


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||post-reform| |radiate|
In 297, Maximian began an offensive against the Berbers in Mauritania, North Africa. He drove them back into their homelands in the Atlas Mountains and spent the rest of the winter in Carthage. On 10 March 298, Maximian celebrated a Triumph in Carthage to conclude his campaign.
RL94870. Billon post-reform radiate, Hunter V 83 (also 2nd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 16b, SRCV IV 13315, Cohen VI 54, gF, centered, dark patina, light earthen deposits, weight 3.191 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 295 - 299 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Emperor on left, standing right, wearing military dress, baton in right hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, Jupiter nude but for cloak on shoulders, standing left leaning on long scepter in left hand, Victory holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left hand, KB low center; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $45.00 (€36.90)
 


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||post-reform| |radiate|
In 297, Maximian began an offensive against the Berbers in Mauritania, North Africa. He drove them back into their homelands in the Atlas Mountains and spent the rest of the winter in Carthage. On 10 March 298, Maximian celebrated a Triumph in Carthage to conclude his campaign.
RL94873. Copper post-reform radiate, Hunter V 83 (also 2nd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 16b, SRCV IV 13315, Cohen VI 54, Choice F, well centered, earthen deposits, light scratches, weight 3.395 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 295 - 299 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximian standing right receiving victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, KB in center; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $40.00 (€32.80)
 


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciea to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mint marks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL94814. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 53 (also 4th officina), RIC V-2 607, Cohen VI 53, SRCV IV 13115, F, well centered, heavy deposits, scratches, some corrosion, weight 4.305 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 286 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus standing right with short scepter, Jupiter standing left presenting Victory on globe with right and holding long scepter vertical behind in left, ∆ between them, XXI• in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $36.00 (€29.52)
 







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REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. "Coins with a Double Effigy Issued by Licinius at Nicomedia, Cyzicus, and Antioch" in NC 1973.


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