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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Cyzicus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey)

Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. According to tradition, it was founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly and later received many colonies from Miletus. Like the other Greek cities in Asia, it fell under the rule of the Persia Empire until Alexander the Great captured it in 334 B.C. In 74 B.C. the city, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterwards of Hellespontus. Dates of operation: The Cyzicus mint was opened by Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.) and continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era. Mintmarks: C, CM, CVZ (sometimes with the Z reversed), CVZIC, K, KVZ, MC, MK, MKV, SMK.

Carinus, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D.

|Carinus|, |Carinus,| |First| |Half| |283| |-| |Spring| |285| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Carinus has a reputation as one of the worst Roman emperors. This infamy was likely supported by Diocletian himself. For example, the unreliable Historia Augusta has Carinus marrying nine wives, while neglecting to mention his only real wife, Magnia Urbica, by whom he had a son, Marcus Aurelius Nigrinianus. After his death, Carinus' memory was officially condemned in the Roman proceeding known as Damnatio Memoriae. His name, along with that of his wife, was erased from inscriptions.
RA111891. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 324; Pink VI/2, p. 53/3; Cohen VI 20; SRCV III 12342, Hunter IV -, Choice F, well centered, brown patina, traces of silvering, flow lines, weight 3.663 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, series 3, c. 284 A.D.; obverse IMP M AVR CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CLEMENTIA TEMP (time of peace and calm), Emperor (on left) standing right, short scepter in left hand, with right hand receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter (or Carus), Jupiter (on right) standing left, Victory on globe in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, Γ bottom center, XXI in exergue; ex Glenn W. Woods; $80.00 (73.60)

Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

|Galerius|, |Galerius,| |1| |March| |305| |-| |5| |May| |311| |A.D.||follis| |(large)|
Galerius was caesar and a tetrarch under Maximianus. His capital was Sirmium (modern Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia). Although a talented general and administrator, Galerius is better known for his key role in the "Great Persecution" of Christians. He stopped the persecution under the condition that Christians pray for his return to health from a serious illness. Galerius died horribly shortly after at Serdica on 5 May 311. Maximinus and Licinius split his realm between them.
RT90636. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Cyzicus 65, SRCV IV 14510, Cohen VII 40, Hunter V -, VF, green patina, well centered, light encrustations, part of edge ragged, weight 6.613 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, Jan - 5 May 311 A.D.; obverse GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor), Genius standing left, naked except for chlamys over shoulder, kalathos on head, cornucopia in left hand, patera in right, A left, three pellets right, MKV in exergue; $30.00 (27.60)



Bastien, P. "Coins with a Double Effigy Issued by Licinius at Nicomedia, Cyzicus, and Antioch" in NC 1973.

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