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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Types| ▸ |Architecture||View Options:  |  |  |   

Architecture on Ancient Coins
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Akko-Ptolemais, Phoenicia

|Phoenicia|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Akko-Ptolemais,| |Phoenicia||AE| |27|
Akko was refounded as a Roman colony, colonia Ptolemais, probably in 53 or 54 A.D., the last year of Claudius' reign or the first year of Neros. Akko was one of hundreds of cities in the Roman provinces that minted civic coins. In the mid 3rd century cities stopped producing their own coins. The last city coins were struck under Gallienus, and Akko was among the very last cities to strike its own coins.
JD96394. Bronze AE 27, BMC Phoenicia p. 138, 50 var. (obv. leg.); Rosenberger 86 var. (same); Kadman Akko 256 var. (same, draped); Sofaer 293 ff. (draped, etc.); SNG Cop -, aF, rough green patina, light earthen deposits, a little off center, weight 13.158 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 253 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES LIC GALLIEN[VS AVG], laureate head right; reverse COL P-TOL, portable shrine containing a statue of Zeus Heliopolites, shrine consisting of a frame within two pillars supporting a architrave with hatched decoration, two carrying poles projecting from bottom, figure of deity within standing facing on rock or base, wearing short chiton, double axe in right hand, harpe(?) in left hand; an unpublished variant of a very rare type; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, 1977 surface find at Caesarea Maritima, Israel; $310.00 SALE PRICE $279.00


Italy, Campobasso, Nicolas I of Montforte, 1422

|Italy|, |Italy,| |Campobasso,| |Nicolas| |I| |of| |Montforte,| |1422||tornese|
Robert of Anjou gave Campobasso as a fief to Richard de Montfort in 1326, to reward him for his loyalty. Nicolas I de Montfort was his descendant. Campobasso is the capital of the Molise region and of the province of Campobassoa in southern Italy; located in the high basin of the Biferno river, surrounded by the Sannio and Matese mountains. The main tourist attraction is the Castello Monforte, built by Nicolas II over Lombard or Norman ruins. The castle has Guelph merlons and stands on a commanding point, where traces of ancient settlements (including Samnite walls) have been found. The castle was rebuilt after the earthquakes in 1456 and 1805.
ME98087. Billon tornese, Biaggi 538 (R5); CNI XVIII p. 234, 10; cf. MIR 10 369 (stops, Nicolas II), MEC Italy III 938 (same), VF, well centered, light corrosion, light deposits, tiny edge crack, weight 0.673 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Campobasso mint, 1422; obverse * NICOLOA CONI * (closed C's and unbarred A, rosette stops), Chtel tournois topped with a cross; reverse + CAmPIbASSI (closed C and unbarred A's, pellet stops), cross patte; ex Nomisma SpA (San Marino) auction 31 (Mar 2006), lot 325; very rare; $270.00 SALE PRICE $216.00


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Samos, Islands of Ionia

|Other| |Ionia|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Samos,| |Islands| |of| |Ionia||AE| |27|
Samos is the birthplace of Pythagoras. A famous attraction on the island is the tunnel-aqueduct dug through a mountain to bring water to the city from a secret spring. An engineering marvel over 1000m long, it was dug from both ends by two teams working simultaneously and used for a very long period. Herodotus' wrote of it, which led to its discovery in the 19th century.
RP110323. Bronze AE 27, SNG Cop 1796, BMC Ionia p. 393, 370; SNGvA 2329 var. (AVΓ K... on obv.), VF, well centered, green patina, light earthen deposits, weight 9.261 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Samos mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; obverse AVP T K ΠOΛIONSΛEPIANOC AVP, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CA-MI-ΩN (last two letters in exergue), facing standing cult statue of Samian Hera within temple with four columns and central arch; ex Naville Numismatics auction 58 (14 Jun 2020), lot 231; ex NAC auction 100 (29 May 2017), lot 1240; rare; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem), Syria Palestina

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.,| |Aelia| |Capitolina| |(Jerusalem),| |Syria| |Palestina||AE| |23|
Aelia came from Hadrian's nomen gentile, Aelius, while Capitolina meant that the new city was dedicated to Jupiter Capitolinus, to whom a temple was built on the Temple Mount. The Latin name Aelia is the source of the much later Arabic term Ilya, a 7th-century Islamic name for Jerusalem.
RP99677. Bronze AE 23, Sofaer 21; Meshorer Aelia 20; SNG ANS 594; BMC Palestine p. 84, 12; Rosenberger I 10; RPC IV.3 T6397 (6 spec.), F, dark patina, scratches, light deposits, weight 11.949 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS AVG P P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse tetrastyle temple, Tyche-Astarte inside central arch standing half left, wearing a short chiton, parazonium at side, right foot on uncertain object (prow?), small bust in right hand, long scepter in left hand, C A C (Colonia Aelia Capitolina) in exergue; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Esbus, Arabia Petraea

|Roman| |Arabia|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Esbus,| |Arabia| |Petraea|
In Numbers and Deuteronomy Esbus is the capital of Amorite king, Sihon (also known as Sehon). The biblical narrative records the Israelite victory over Sihon during the time of the Exodus under the leadership of Moses. Moses died soon after the victory, after viewing the "promised land" from the top of Mount Nebo. Esbus is mentioned among the towns of the Roman Arabia Petraea by Ptolemy.
RP110321. Bronze RPC Online VI T9345 (12 spec.); BMC Arabia p. 29, 3; Spijkerman 3; Sofaer 4; SNG ANS -, F, brown patina, porous, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 9.474 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, Esbus (Heshbon, Jordan) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse AYT C M AVR ANTONINV, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear; reverse AYP ECBOYC, front view of shrine with four columns with arcuated lintel between small pediment on each wing, within which Tyche standing facing turreted, head left, holding small bust and spear and placing foot on prow(?); rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria, Syria Palestina

|Roman| |Judea| |&| |Palestina|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Neapolis,| |Samaria,| |Syria| |Palestina||AE| |20|
Neopolis was a popular name. There was a Neoplis in Campania, another in Crete, and another in Macedonia. This Neapolis was the biblical Shechemis and is now Nablus, Israel. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. Neapolis is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
RP98107. Bronze AE 20, Sofaer 128 (same dies), Rosenberger III 69; cf. BMC Palestine p. 63, 112 ff.; SNG ANS 1008 - 1009; SNG Cop -, VF, a little off center on a tight flan, earthen encrustations, scratches, weight 9.635 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Neapolis (Nablus, Israel) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse ...CE A-ΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse Φ NEACΠOΛEWC, Mt. Gerizim comprised of two masses separated by a ravine, arched colonnade below, stairway up the left mass to temple (in perspective) on peak, road up to altar on right peak, uncertain control symbol between two pellets in exergue; ex Menashe Landman Collection; very scarce; $105.00 SALE PRICE $84.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1289

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Charles| |II| |of| |Anjou,| |1285| |-| |1289||denier| |tournois|
Charles II succeeded his father, Charles I, in Achaea as well as Sicily (now reduced to the Kingdom of Naples), but he was a prisoner in Aragonese hands. In the interim, the rule of Achaea devolved upon a series of baillis chosen from the Morean nobility. Not long after his release and coronation in 1289, he granted the Principality to Isabelle of Villehardouin upon her marriage with Florent of Hainaut, in part to redress the greedy application of the Treaty of Viterbo at William's death. However, he retained feudal overlordship over the Principality, and his grant provided that neither Isabelle nor any daughter who was her heir might marry without his consent.Charles_II_of_Anjou
CR96937. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 360, 12 (S); Metcalf Crusades pl. 39, 942; Tzamalis Frankish KA101; Schlumberger XII 17, aF, light toning, flan flaws, weight 0.469 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, 1285 -1289; obverse + KRPRINC ACh (curly foot R = Clarentza mint), cross patte within inner border; reverse :DE: CLARENCIA (colons indicate double x stops, DE probably abbreviates denarius, curly foot R = Clarentza mint), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend; from the Louis G Estate; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1289

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Charles| |II| |of| |Anjou,| |1285| |-| |1289||denier| |tournois|
Charles II succeeded his father, Charles I, in Achaea as well as Sicily (now reduced to the Kingdom of Naples), but he was a prisoner in Aragonese hands. In the interim, the rule of Achaea devolved upon a series of baillis chosen from the Morean nobility. Not long after his release and coronation in 1289, he granted the Principality to Isabelle of Villehardouin upon her marriage with Florent of Hainaut, in part to redress the greedy application of the Treaty of Viterbo at William's death. However, he retained feudal overlordship over the Principality, and his grant provided that neither Isabelle nor any daughter who was her heir might marry without his consent.Carlos_I
CR99074. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 360, 12 (S); Metcalf Crusades pl. 39, 942; Tzamalis Frankish KA101; Schlumberger XII 17, F, tiny edge split, weight 0.761 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Clarentza mint, 1285 -1289; obverse + KRPRINC ACh, cross patte; reverse :DE: CLARENCIA: (colons indicate double x stops), castle tournois; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $64.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Duchy of Athens, Guy II de La Roche, 1287 - 1308

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Duchy| |of| |Athens,| |Guy| |II| |de| |La| |Roche,| |1287| |-| |1308||denier|
Guy II de la Roche was the Duke of Athens from 1287, the last duke of his family. He succeeded as a minor on the death of his father, William I, at a time when the duchy of Athens had exceeded the Principality of Achaea in wealth, power, and importance. Guy was originally under the tutorship and regency of his mother, Helena Angelina Komnene, who was forced to make submission to Isabella of Villehardouin. In 1299, Guy was engaged to Matilda, daughter of Isabella and and her husband, Florent of Hainaut. Charles objected, as his permission had not been sought, but Pope Boniface VIII intervened on the young couple's behalf. In 1307, Guy was made bailli of Achaea by its new prince, Philip I of Taranto. He governed well, but for barely a year. He died, 5 October 1308, at the age of twenty-eight, but was respected and renowned for his chivalry and manners.Frankokratia_Map
CR96941. Billon denier, cf. Metcalf Crusades 1e & pl. 42, 1071 - 1072; Malloy Crusaders p. 388, 94, F, porous, tight irregularly shaped flan, small edge splits, edge chip, weight 0.677 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 270o, Thebes mint, majority, 1294 - 1308; obverse +:GVIDVX:ATENES:, cross patte within inner border; reverse uThEBAHI:CIVISu (u = small crescent with horns up), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend; from the Louis G Estate; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene, Syria

|Roman| |Syria|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.,| |Zeugma,| |Commagene,| |Syria||AE| |25|NEW
Zeugma was founded by Seleucus I Nicator who almost certainly named the city Seleucia after himself. In 64 B.C. the city was conquered by Rome and renamed Zeugma, meaning "bridge of boats." On the Silk Road connecting Antioch to China, Zeugma had a pontoon bridge across the Euphrates, which was the long time border with the Persian Empire. The Legio IV Scythica was camped in Zeugma. The legion and the trade station brought great wealth to Zeugma until, in 256, Zeugma was fully destroyed by the Sassanid king, Shapur I. An earthquake then buried the city beneath rubble. The city never regained its earlier prosperity and, after Arab raids in the 5th and 6th centuries, it was abandoned again.
RP110540. Bronze AE 25, RPC Online IV T5755/10 (same dies); SNG Hunter II 2634 (same); BMC Galatia p. 125, 6, aF, toned bare metal, scratches, scrapes, a little rough, weight 8.166 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 0o, Zeugma (Belkis, Turkey) mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; obverse AYTO KAI TI AIΛ A∆PI ANTWNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head left; reverse temple with four columns, within rectangular colonnaded peribolos enclosure containing sacred grove, ZEYΓMEWN (Z reversed) around, E below, all within laurel wreath; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00




  



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REFERENCES

Price, M.J. & B. Trell. Coins and Their Cities: Architecture on the Ancient Coins of Greece, Rome, and Palestine. (London, 1977).

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