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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Comnen Dynasty ▸ Manuel IView Options:  |  |  | 

Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.

Manuel's reign was a period in which the Byzantine Empire flourished. He was quick to become personally involved in military campaigns. Gibbons' "Decline & Fall" notes, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, [Manuel I's] friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own." Unfortunately his over ambitious policies created enemies and expended the strength of the state. He was severely defeated by the Turks and died a broken man, ruler of a broken empire. Byzantium Empire 1170 AD


Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The cruciform monogram should probably be read, MΛ (Manuel) ∆ (Despotes) K (Komnenos) Π (Porphyrogennetos).

Gibbons Decline & Fall says of Manuel I, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, his friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own."
BZ91215. Bronze half tetarteron, DOC IV-1 22; Hendy pl. 18, 1; Morrisson BnF 61/X/AE/1; Wroth BMC 79; Ratto 2159; SBCV 1979; Sommer 61.24.1, gVF, dark near black patina, overstruck on clipped coin, obverse slightly off center, small edge cracks, weight 1.867 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Greek mint, 8 Apr 1143 - 1152 A.D.; obverse cruciform Manuel monogram ; reverse half-length bust of Manuel facing, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar decorated with six jewels, loros and crown with cross and pendilia, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; ex Forum (2016); $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00 ON RESERVE


Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The cruciform monogram should probably be read, MΛ (Manuel) ∆ (Despotes) K (Komnenos) Π (Porphyrogennetos).

Gibbons Decline & Fall says of Manuel I, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, his friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own."
BZ89602. Bronze half tetarteron, DOC IV-1 22; Hendy pl. 18, 1; Morrisson BnF 61/X/AE/1; Wroth BMC 79; Ratto 2159; SBCV 1979; Sommer 61.24.1, Choice VF, dark patina with coppery high points, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Greek mint, 8 Apr 1143 - 1152 A.D.; obverse cruciform Manuel monogram ; reverse half-length bust of Manuel facing, beardless, wearing stemma, divitision, collar decorated with six jewels, loros and crown with cross and pendilia, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; ex Lanz Numismatik; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00 ON RESERVE


Click for a larger photo
Cupped coins required at least two blows to strike and the obverse die was rocked from one side to the other between blows. Since Christ's face is in the center of many designs, such as on this coin, it is often distorted or even missing due to the overlapping of the strikes in the center. On this coin the two halves of the nimbus cruciger (halo) are offset due to variation in alignment between the two strikes. Christ's face is, however, nicely struck. The result is somewhat exotic.
SH08813. Gold hyperpyron, cf. DOC IV-1 1; Morrisson BnF 61/Cp/AV/13; CLBC I 4.1.1; Grierson 1079; SBCV 1956; Sommer 61.1, gVF, weight 4.27 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse + KE RO-HΘEI, bust of Christ facing, beardless, wearing numbus cr., pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) flanking above shoulders; reverse MA/NY/HΛ / ∆EC/ΠO/T/H on left, Tω/ΠOP/ΦY/POΓ/NH/T (or similar) on right, Manuel standing facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys, labarum in left, patriarchal globus cruciger in right, hand of God (manus Dei) upper right crowns him; wavy flan as typical for the type (even the Sear plate coin is wavy); SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. IV, Part 1: Alexius I to Alexius V (1081-1204). (Washington D.C., 1966).
Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Marchev, V. & R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Sunday, May 26, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Manuel I