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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman coins of the Constantinian Era
Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis V (VI), 314 - 342 A.D., Constantine the Great Reverse

|Bosporan| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Bosporus,| |Rheskuporis| |V| |(VI),| |314| |-| |342| |A.D.,| |Constantine| |the| |Great| |Reverse||stater|
The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the Bosphorus beside Istanbul). The mixed population adopted Greek language and civilization. The prosperity of the kingdom was based on the export of wheat, fish and slaves. The kingdom's golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and expanded his state to include the entire Crimea. It was the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, lasting until it was overrun by the Huns c. 375 A.D.
RP99729. Billon stater, MacDonald 679/1; Anokhin 769; SNG Stancomb 1034; BMC Pontus pl. XVIII, 12 (not in text), gVF, centered on a tight flan, black patina, weight 7.472 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEVC PHCKOVΠOPI∆OC, diademed and draped bust of Rheskuporis right, wreath (of tiny pellets, control symbol) lower right; reverse laureate and draped bust of the Roman emperor Constantine the great right, K-X ([year] 620 [of the Bosporan Era]) divided across field; $120.00 SALE PRICE $96.00


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|
The eldest son of Constantine the Great and co-emperor alongside his brothers Constantius II and Constans. The three brothers, after arranging the slaughter of most of the rest of their family by the army, gathered together in Pannonia on 9 September 337 and divided the Roman world among themselves. Constantine, proclaimed Augustus by the troops received Gaul, Britannia and Hispania. His attempt to exert his perceived rights of primogeniture led to his death in a failed invasion of Italy in 340 AD.
RL96881. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Rome 32 (S), LRBC I 602, SRCV V 17452, Cohen VII 233, Hunter V -, aVF, dark brown tone, tight flan, light earthen deposits, ragged edge, weight 1.230 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 9 Sep 337 - May 340 AD; obverse VIC CONSTANTINVS AVG, laurel and rosette diademed and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTI (courage of the emperor), Emperor standing facing, bare head right, wearing military garb, spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, R palm P in exergue; scarce; $95.00 SALE PRICE $76.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||light| |maiorina|
The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.
RL23924. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Heraclea 69 (S), LRBC II 1884, Voetter 24, SRCV V 18229, Cohen VII 18229, Choice gVF, attractive desert patina, weight 3.033 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left holding globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constantius standing left, labarum (Christogram standard) in right, resting left hand on shield, two captives kneeling at feet on left, SMHA in exergue; scarce; $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|
Soon after the Feast of Easter 337, Constantine fell seriously ill. He left Constantinople for the hot baths near his mother's city of Helenopolis. There, in a church his mother built in honor of Lucian the Apostle, he prayed, and there he realized that he was dying. He attempted to return to Constantinople, making it only as far as a suburb of Nicomedia. He summoned the bishops, and told them of his hope to be baptized in the River Jordan, where Christ was written to have been baptized. He requested the baptism right away, promising to live a more Christian life should he live through his illness. The bishops, Eusebius records, "performed the sacred ceremonies according to custom." It has been thought that Constantine put off baptism as long as he did so as to be absolved from as much of his sin as possible. Constantine died soon after at a suburban villa called Achyron, on 22 May 337.
RL99048. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus p. 493, 46; LRBC I 1304; SRCV V 17470; Cohen VII 716; Hunter V -, VF, dark brown patina, areas of light corrosion, ragged edge, weight 1.604 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, posthumous, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS P T AVGG (Divus Constantinus Pater Trium Augusti = Divine Constantine, father of the three emperors), veiled head right; reverse VN - MR (venerabilis memoria - revered memory), Constantine standing slightly right, head right, togate and veiled, VN - MR (venerabilis memoria - revered memory) divided across field, SMKE in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $56.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|
Soon after the Feast of Easter 337, Constantine fell seriously ill. He left Constantinople for the hot baths near his mother's city of Helenopolis. There, in a church his mother built in honor of Lucian the Apostle, he prayed, and there he realized that he was dying. He attempted to return to Constantinople, making it only as far as a suburb of Nicomedia. He summoned the bishops, and told them of his hope to be baptized in the River Jordan, where Christ was written to have been baptized. He requested the baptism right away, promising to live a more Christian life should he live through his illness. The bishops, Eusebius records, "performed the sacred ceremonies according to custom." It has been thought that Constantine put off baptism as long as he did so as to be absolved from as much of his sin as possible. Constantine died soon after at a suburban villa called Achyron, on 22 May 337. Constantine is listed as a saint by the Orthodox Church. Although he is not a Catholic saint, he is revered under the title "The Great" for his contributions to Christianity.
RB110057. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 37, LRBC I 1041, SRCV VIII 17484, Cohen VII 760, Hunter V -, aVF, green patina, light marks, light deposits, tight flan, weight 2.009 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, posthumous, 9 Sep 337 - Apr 340 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS P T AVGG (Divus Constantinus Pater Trium Augusti = Divine Constantine, father of the three emperors), veiled bust right; reverse Constantine in quadriga right, veiled, the hand of God (Manus Dei) reaches down to take him up to heaven, CONS in exergue; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

|Constans|, |Constans,| |9| |September| |337| |-| |19| |January| |350| |A.D.||light| |maiorina|
Nicomedia was the Roman metropolis of Bithynia. Diocletian made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in Nicomedia as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa near Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.
RL98898. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Nicomedia 72 (S), LRBC II 2293, Cohen VII 18, SRCV V 18698 var. (no star), Hunter V 58 var. (same), VF, well centered, weight 4.684 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 150o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans right leading barbarian from hut under tree, star above, SMNB in exergue; scarce; $60.00 SALE PRICE $48.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||reduced| |maiorina|
On 3 November 361, Constantius II died of a fever at Mopsuestia in Cilicia, age 44. On his deathbed, he was baptized and declared his cousin Julian the Apostate rightful successor. Constantius II was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. On 11 December 361, Julian became sole emperor. He ruled from Constantinople and tried to restore paganism.
RL99052. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 149 (S), Voetter 43, SRCV V 18318, Cohen VII 188, LRBC II 1905, F, well centered, toned bare metal, rough, edge cracks,, weight 1.773 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REIPVBLICE (the hope of the Republic), emperor standing left, wearing helmet and military dress, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $5.49 (5.54)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|
Constantine's Bridge over the Danube, built by the Roman architect Theophilus Patricius, between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria), was officially opened on 5 July 328.
MA96590. Billon centenionalis, cf. RIC VII Constantinople 22 (R2), LRBC I 987, SRCV IV 16233, Cohen VII 243, weight 2.270 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 327 - 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), soldier standing slightly left, head right, resting left hand on shield and holding inverted spear in right hand, Γ in left field, CONS in exergue; rare; $5.00 (5.05)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|
On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antioch, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB99586. Billon heavy maiorina, cf. RIC VIII Nicomedia 92, LRBC II 2306, SRCV V 18162, Cohen VII 46, F, green patina, tight flan, weight 4.181 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia(?) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman, shield at feet, S upper left, [SMN...?] in exergue; Ed Strivelli Collection, ex FORVM (2019); $2.99 (3.02)











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