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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman coins of the Constantinian Era
Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.||reduced| |double| |maiorina|NEW
I am the alpha and the omega" is an appellation of Jesus in the Book of Revelation (verses 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13). Alpha (A) and omega (w/?) are respectively the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet were used because the Book of Revelation was originally written in Greek. This reverse was meant to incite the Orthodox Christians of the West against the Arian Constantius II, who intended to reclaim the western provinces.
RL99280. Bronze reduced double maiorina, RIC VIII Amiens 39 (R), Bastien MM 135, LRBC II 19, SRCV V 18778, Hunter V -, gVF, centered on a tight flan, dark brown tone , mild porosity, weight 7.010 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ambianum (Amiens, France) mint, 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES (the salvation of our noble emperor and caesar), large Christogram (chi-rho), flanked by alpha and omega, AMB in exergue; ex Ephesus Numismatics (Tom Wood); rare; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||siliqua|
VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX abbreviates Votis Tricennalibus Multis Quadragennalibus advertising that Constantius had completed his vows (prayers) to thank God for the 30th anniversary of his rule and made more vows to God that he might help him successfully rule to his 40th anniversary.
RS99270. Silver siliqua, RIC VIII Sirmium 15, RSC V 342-3e, SRCV V 17936, Hunter V 61, Choice EF, sharp, light tone on luster, flow lines, flan crack, weight 2.907 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 30o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 353 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX in wreath, SIRM in exergue; scarce; $360.00 SALE PRICE $324.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed. Constantine instructed that Christians and non-Christians should be united in observing the venerable day of the sun, referring to the sun-worship that Aurelian had established as an official cult. Long after his conversion to Christianity, Constantine's coinage continued to carry the symbols of the sun. Even when Constantine dedicated the new capital of Constantinople, which became the seat of Byzantine Christianity for a millennium, he did so wearing the Apollonian sun-rayed diadem. No Christian symbols were present at the dedication.
RL99560. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 159 (S), SRCV IV 16219, Cohen VII 123, Hunter V -, Choice EF, well centered, traces of silvering, weight 2.937 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT XX in two lines within wreath, ESIS* in exergue; from the M. Arslan Collection; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

|Helena|, |St.| |Helena,| |Augusta,| |8| |November| |324| |-| |c.| |330| |A.D.,| |Mother| |of| |Constantine| |the| |Great||centenionalis|NEW
Several relics purportedly discovered by Saint Helena are now in Cyprus, where she spent some time. Among them are items believed to be part of Jesus Christ's tunic, pieces of the holy cross, and pieces of the rope with which Jesus was tied on the Cross. The rope, considered to be the only relic of its kind, has been held at the Stavrovouni Monastery, which was also founded by Saint Helena. According to Byzantine tradition, Helena is responsible for the large population of cats in Cyprus. Local tradition holds that she imported hundreds of cats from Egypt or Palestine in the fourth century AD to rid a monastery of snakes. The monastery is today known as "St. Nicholas of the Cats" and is located near Limassol.
RL99561. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Nicomedia 129 (R4), SRCV IV 16620, LRBC I 1100, Cohen VII 12, Hunter V -, VF, attractive dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 3.275 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, pearl diademed and draped bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE (security of the Republic), Securitas standing half left, branch pointed down in right, raising pallium with left, MNS in exergue; from the M. Arslan Collection; very rare; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|
Constantine reorganized the Roman army to consist of mobile field units and garrison soldiers capable of countering internal threats and barbarian invasions. Constantine pursued successful campaigns against the tribes on the Roman frontiers - the Franks, the Alamanni, the Goths, and the Sarmatians - even resettling territories abandoned by his predecessors during the turmoil of the previous century.
RL99323. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 78, LRBC I 1345, SRCV IV 16269, Cohen VII 454, Choice VF, nice portrait, flow lines, weight 3.109 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 327 - 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, rosette-diademed head right, square "rosettes"; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, star above, no door, no pellet in gateway, SMANTΓ in exergue; from a private collector in New Jersey; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|
In 352, Constantius II invaded northern Italy in pursuit of the usurper Magnus Magnentius, who withdrew with his army to Gaul. Constantius declared an amnesty for Magnentius' soldiers, many of whom deserted to him. By the end of the year Constantius entered Milan. After another defeat in battle, Magnentius committed suicide in 353.
RL93376. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Arles 179, Bastien MM 268, LRBC II 437, SRCV V 18824, Cohen VIII 68, Hunter V -, gVF, tight oval flan, uneven strike with small weak areas on edges, tiny deposits, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, spring 351 - August 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVGG ET CAE (victories of our lords, the two emperors and two caesars), two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, E over IS low center, PAR in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $105.00 SALE PRICE $95.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|
Because of his fame and because he was proclaimed Emperor while he was in Roman Britain, later Britons regarded Constantine as a king of their own people. In the 12th century, Henry of Huntingdon included a passage in his Historia Anglorum that Constantine's mother Helena was a Briton, the daughter of King Cole of Colchester. Geoffrey of Monmouth expanded this story in his highly fictionalized Historia Regum Britanniae, an account of the supposed Kings of Britain from their Trojan origins to the Anglo-Saxon invasion. According to Geoffrey, Cole was King of the Britons when Constantius, here a senator, came to Britain. Afraid of the Romans, Cole submitted to Roman law so long as he retained his kingship. However, he died only a month later, and Constantius took the throne himself, marrying Cole's daughter Helena. They had their son Constantine, who succeeded his father as King of Britain before becoming Roman Emperor. Historically, this series of events is extremely improbable. Constantius had already left Helena by the time he left for Britain. Additionally, no earlier source mentions that Helena was born in Britain, let alone that she was a princess.
RL96885. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Arles p. 206, 17 (R2); Depeyrot EMA p. 73, 56/1; LRBC I 422; Kent 17; SRCV V 17458; Cohen -, aF, a bit rough, ragged edge, minor encrustation, weight 1.474 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, posthumous, 339 A.D.; obverse DIVO CONSTANTINO P, veiled, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AETERNA PIETAS, Constantine standing facing, head right, wearing military dress, inverted spear in left hand, globe in right hand, X (control symbol) right, SCONST (Constantia) in exergue; this type appears to be rarer than RIC VIII's R2 rating indicates; rare; $105.00 SALE PRICE $95.00


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|
The eldest son of Constantine the Great and co-emperor alongside his brothers Constantius II and Constans. The three brothers, after arranging the slaughter of most of the rest of their family by the army, gathered together in Pannonia on 9 September 337 and divided the Roman world among themselves. Constantine, proclaimed Augustus by the troops received Gaul, Britannia and Hispania. His attempt to exert his perceived rights of primogeniture led to his death in a failed invasion of Italy in 340 AD.
RL96881. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Rome 32 (S), LRBC I 602, SRCV V 17452, Cohen VII 233, Hunter V -, aVF, dark brown tone, tight flan, light earthen deposits, ragged edge, weight 1.230 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 9 Sep 337 - May 340 AD; obverse VIC CONSTANTINVS AVG, laurel and rosette diademed and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTI (courage of the emperor), Emperor standing facing, bare head right, wearing military garb, spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, R palm P in exergue; scarce; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||centenionalis|
In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL98421. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 319, LRBC I 330, Depeyrot EMA 39/2, SRCV V 17224, Cohen VII 165, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, excellent centering, much silvering, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate, six rows of bricks, two turrets, no doors, star above, S - F across field and TCONST in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


City of Rome Commemorative, 333 - 335 A.D.

|Commemoratives|, |City| |of| |Rome| |Commemorative,| |333| |-| |335| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|
On some high grade examples of the VRBS ROMA series, a certain symbol can be seen or guessed on the shoulder of the wolf. It might look like the letter Θ (at Thessalonica and Alexandria) or a flock of hair, while on a well struck Rome mint specimen we have seen a clear star with rounded tips, different from the two above. There are no such symbols on earlier depictions (Republic and early empire) of the she-wolf as far as we know.
RL99006. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Alexandria 63 (R1), SRCV 16527, LRBC I 1431, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 18 var. (2nd officina), gVF, nice green patina, light earthen deposits, reverse slightly off center, weight 2.513 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 333 - 335 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse she-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, SMALA in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00




  







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