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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Roman Procurators| ▸ |Pontius Pilate||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.||prutah|
This unlisted variant could be a mistake in which the LI appears as a N. Like the HZ variant, the letters LI were probably badly formed on the original document; then the engravers made the confusion with and N (Fig. 63-64). -- Coins of Pontius Pilate by J. P. Fontanille and S. L. Gosline
JD35381. Bronze prutah, apparently unique, Coins of Pontius Pilate p. 59, fig. 63-64 (this coin); Menorah Coin Project rev die R8 (this coin); Hendin 1342 var, gVF, weight 1.777 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse NZ within wreath (blundered LIZ = year 17); ex Amphora Coins, ex Fontanille Collection; extremely rare variant; SOLD


|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.||prutah|
This variant, apparently rather rare, is not of the crude type and is unlisted in the available sources. The transverse bar of the H is not quite horizontal but inclined downward, from the left to right, so making it into an N (the engraver seems to have tried to rectify his mistake). This variant should not be confused with the LIN which is associated with the date LIZ (year 30) which clearly represents an inverted Z (Fig. 83-84). -- Coins of Pontius Pilate by J. P. Fontanille and S. L. Gosline
JD35360. Bronze prutah, apparently unique, Coins of Pontius Pilate p. 62, fig. 83-84 (this coin); Menorah Coin Project rev. die R12 (this coin); Hendin 1343 var., near EF, weight 1.501 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIN within wreath (blundered LIH = year 18); from the Fontanille Collection; extremely rare variant; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.com/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. ACNAC 8. (New York, 2013).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

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