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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Twelve Caesars ▸ TiberiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.

Tiberius became Augustus' stepson when the emperor married Livia in 38 B.C. Augustus forced Tiberius to divorce the wife he loved and to marry his daughter Julia. Tiberius hated his new wife and escaped her by going into voluntary exile at Rhodes in 6 B.C. After the deaths of the other possible successors, he was recalled in 2 A.D. and groomed to succeed Augustus, which he did on 19 August 14. The empire thrived under Tiberius; however, his reign was marred by a conspiracy to rule by his Praetorian Praefect Sejanus and by his descent into paranoia near the end of his reign. Tiberius moved to Capri in 26 and ruled from there until his natural death on 16 March 37.


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21

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Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible
SH87332. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 1, 144; RIC I 26 (C); BMCRE I 34; SRCV I 1762; RSC II 16; SRCV I 1763, VF, well centered, unusual attractive portrait, toned, radiating flow lines, die wear, porosity, light deposits, weight 3.690 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 225o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, early 'plain' fine style, c. 15 - 18 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with plain legs set on base, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, no footstool; $720.00 (€612.00)
 


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In 36 A.D., Herod Antipas suffered major losses in a war with Aretas IV of Nabataea, provoked partly by Antipas' divorce of Aretas' daughter. According to Josephus, Herod's defeat was popularly believed to be divine punishment for his execution of John the Baptist. Tiberius ordered Vitellius, the governor of Syria, to capture or kill Aretas, but Vitellius was reluctant to support Herod and abandoned his campaign upon Tiberius' death in 37.
SH87506. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 5, 152; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 60; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, EF, lustrous, radiating flow lines, slightly off center, die wear, flaw on Pax face, weight 3.857 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 210o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 36 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, laurel wreath ties fall in small undulations (waves); reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; $720.00 (€612.00)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21

Click for a larger photo
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
SH82708. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, VF, bold high relief portrait, toned, a little off center, die wear, scratches, weight 3.679 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 270o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; $440.00 (€374.00)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21

Click for a larger photo
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
SH87333. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, VF, well centered and struck on a broad flan, uneven toning with dark spots, porous, bump and marks, closed edge cracks, weight 3.774 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 90o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; $400.00 (€340.00)
 


Click for a larger photo
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
SH82707. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, aVF/F, excellent portrait, toned, obverse a little off center cutting off right side of legend, punches, bumps and scratches, weight 3.731 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 90o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; $360.00 (€306.00)
 


Tiberius(?), 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.(?), Amasia, Galatian-Pontus

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RPC attributes this type to "uncertain emperor - perhaps Caligula?" Dalaison attributes it as "Tibère(?)"

RPC I lists Amasea under Galatia noting, "it seems to have have been included with the Province of Galatia from 2 BC...together with the rest of Galatian Pontus."
RP87131. Bronze AE 21, Dalaison 3 (D1/R3), SNG Leypold 1 (same dies), RPC I 3571, pl. 143 (same dies), SNG Fitzwilliam 4031, Rec Gén 6, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Pontus -, F, black patina, some earthen deposits, scratches, porosity, light corrosion, weight 9.894 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amaseia (Amasya, Turkey) mint, obverse ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head (Tiberius or Caligula?) right; reverse AMAΣEΩN EPI BAΣIΛA, head of Tyche right, veiled, wearing mural crown; extremely rare; $160.00 (€136.00)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

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In 14 A.D., a census indicated that there were 4,973,000 Roman citizens.
RP86876. Bronze as, McAlee 214, RPC I 4270; SNG Cop 144; SNG München 713; SNG Righetti 1913; BMC Galatia p. 169, 150; Lindgren-Kovacs 1958, F, centered on a tight flan, dark patina, earthen encrustations, bumps and marks, weight 15.572 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 14 - 15 A.D.; obverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY KAIΣAP, bare head right; reverse A EΠI ΣI/ΛANOY / ANTIO/XEΩN / EM (regnal year 1, Actian year 45), inscription in six lines within inner linear boarder surrounded by laurel wreath and outer linear border; $90.00 (€76.50)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Italica, Hispania Baetica

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Italica, Hispania Baetica was the birthplace of Trajan and Hadrian. The native Iberian town of Turdetani was refounded in 206 B.C. as Italica by Scipio Africanus to settle his victorious veterans from the Second Punic War and to control the area. The name reflected the veterans' Italian origins. Italica thrived, especially under Hadrian, who favored his birthplace. Hadrian expanded the city and elevated it to the status of colonia as Colonia Aelia Augusta Italica. He also added temples, including the enormous and unique Trajaneum in the center of the city to venerate his predecessor and adopted father, and rebuilt public buildings. The city started to dwindle as early as the 3rd century; a shift of the Guadalquivir River bed, probably due to silting, a widespread problem in antiquity that followed removal of the forest cover, left Italica's river port high and dry whilst Hispalis continued to grow nearby. The city may have been the birthplace of the emperor Theodosius I. Italica was important enough in late Antiquity to have a bishop of its own. The modern town of Santiponce overlies the pre-Roman Iberian settlement and part of the well-preserved Roman city.
RP85963. Bronze as, RPC I 65, Villaronga-Benages 3333, Burgos 1592, SNG Cop 417, aF, porous, tight flan, weight 27.6 g, maximum diameter 11.957 mm, die axis 270o, Italica (Santiponce, Spain) mint, 14 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PONT MAX IMP, bare head right; reverse MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG, altar inscribed PROVIDE/NTIAE / AVGVSTI in three lines; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia

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RPC identifies this ruler as Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?) while SNG Copenhagen says Tiberius. The portrait does look like Tiberius.
GB90185. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, BMC Mysia -, F, weight 3.804 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 225o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right; rare; $70.00 (€59.50)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CIVITATIBVSASIAERESTITVTIS
TICAESARAVGFTRPOTXV (TIBERIUS AND AUGUSTUS)
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTIMPVII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTIMPVIII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTVS
TICAESARAVGVSTIFIMPERATOR
TICAESARAVGVSTIFIMPERATORV
TICAESARAVGVSTFIMPERATVII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTVS
TIDIVIFAVGVSTVS


REFERENCES

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon, des origines au règne de Caligula (43 avant J.-C. - 41 après J.-C.). (Wetteren, 1983).
Giard, J. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, November 20, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Tiberius