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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Twelve Caesars ▸ TiberiusView Options:  |  |  |   

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.

Tiberius became Augustus' stepson when the emperor married Livia in 38 B.C. Augustus forced Tiberius to divorce the wife he loved and to marry his daughter Julia. Tiberius hated his new wife and escaped her by going into voluntary exile at Rhodes in 6 B.C. After the deaths of the other possible successors, he was recalled in 2 A.D. and groomed to succeed Augustus, which he did on 19 August 14. The empire thrived under Tiberius; however, his reign was marred by a conspiracy to rule by his Praetorian Praefect Sejanus and by his descent into paranoia near the end of his reign. Tiberius moved to Capri in 26 and ruled from there until his natural death on 16 March 37.


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21

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Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible
SH87939. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 1, 144; RIC I 26 (C); BMCRE I 34; SRCV I 1762; RSC II 16; SRCV I 1763, VF, centered on a compact flan, nice portrait, light rose toning, small punch under chin, light bumps and marks, weight 3.612 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 330o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, early 'plain' fine style, c. 15 - 18 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with plain legs set on base, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, no footstool; $720.00 (€612.00)
 


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In 36 A.D., Herod Antipas suffered major losses in a war with Aretas IV of Nabataea, provoked partly by Antipas' divorce of Aretas' daughter. According to Josephus, Herod's defeat was popularly believed to be divine punishment for his execution of John the Baptist. Tiberius ordered Vitellius, the governor of Syria, to capture or kill Aretas, but Vitellius was reluctant to support Herod and abandoned his campaign upon Tiberius' death in 37.
SL87773. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 6, 154; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 60; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, NGC Ch XF, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (2490382-004), weight 3.443 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 270o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 36 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, laurel wreath ties fall stiffly, Tiberius features are older and have become caricatures; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; photos taken before certification, now in an NGC holder; $700.00 (€595.00)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21

Click for a larger photo
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
SH82708. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, VF, bold high relief portrait, toned, a little off center, die wear, scratches, weight 3.679 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 270o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; $390.00 (€331.50)
 


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

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Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Scholars disagree on the date of this type. If the "S" is actually a retrograde (backward) "Z," the date is year 17 or 30 A.D. If the "S" is actually the Greek letter stigma, the date is year 16 or 29 A.D.
JD72784. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342a, Meshorer TJC 333b, RPC I 4968 var. (LIZ), SGICV 5623 var. (LIZ), aVF, weight 1.475 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 29 or 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIς (year 16) or LIZ (Z retrograde, year 17) within wreath; $170.00 (€144.50)
 


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD72794. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1343, Meshorer TJC 334, RPC I 4969, SGICV 5624, F, irregular flan, edge cracks, obverse off center, rough, weight 1.818 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIH (year 18) within wreath; $140.00 (€119.00)
 


Tiberius(?), 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.(?), Amasia, Galatian-Pontus

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RPC attributes this type to "uncertain emperor - perhaps Caligula?" Dalaison attributes it as "Tibère(?)"

RPC I lists Amasea under Galatia noting, "it seems to have have been included with the Province of Galatia from 2 BC...together with the rest of Galatian Pontus."
RP87131. Bronze AE 21, Dalaison 3 (D1/R3), SNG Leypold 1 (same dies), RPC I 3571, pl. 143 (same dies), SNG Fitzwilliam 4031, Rec Gén 6, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Pontus -, F, black patina, some earthen deposits, scratches, porosity, light corrosion, weight 9.894 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amaseia (Amasya, Turkey) mint, obverse ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head (Tiberius or Caligula?) right; reverse AMAΣEΩN EPI BAΣIΛA, head of Tyche right, veiled, wearing mural crown; extremely rare; $140.00 (€119.00)
 


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Scholars disagree on the date of this type. If the "S" is actually a retrograde (backward) "Z," the date is year 17 or 30 A.D. If the "S" is actually the Greek letter stigma, the date is year 16 or 29 A.D.
JD72788. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342a, Meshorer TJC 333b, RPC I 4968 var. (LIZ), SGICV 5623 var. (LIZ), Fair, corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 1.802 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 29 or 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIς (year 16) or LIZ (Z retrograde year 17) within wreath; $130.00 (€110.50)
 


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD72783. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342, Meshorer TJC 333, RPC I 4968, SGICV 5623, aF, weak uneven strike, weight 1.867 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIZ (year 17) within wreath; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD72798. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, F, green patina, tight flan, weight 1.759 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $100.00 (€85.00)
 


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD72797. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342 - 1343, SGICV 5623 - 5624, Fine/Fair, weight 1.741 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse uncertain year in wreath; $95.00 (€80.75)
 




  



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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CIVITATIBVSASIAERESTITVTIS
TICAESARAVGFTRPOTXV (TIBERIUS AND AUGUSTUS)
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTIMPVII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTIMPVIII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTVS
TICAESARAVGVSTIFIMPERATOR
TICAESARAVGVSTIFIMPERATORV
TICAESARAVGVSTFIMPERATVII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTVS
TIDIVIFAVGVSTVS


REFERENCES

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon, des origines au règne de Caligula (43 avant J.-C. - 41 après J.-C.). (Wetteren, 1983).
Giard, J. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, February 21, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Tiberius