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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Ptolemaic Egypt||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt

After Alexander the Great's death, Egypt was administered by Ptolemy, one of his friends and generals. In 305 B.C., Ptolemy crowned himself king, establishing one of the most important and flourishing Hellenistic monarchies. Ptolemaic rule lasted for 275 years, until 30 B.C. The culture was a complex mixture of Egyptian and Greek traditions, best represented by the famous city of Alexandria. All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, while queens regnant were all called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt.

Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon), 163 - 145 B.C.

|Kyrenaica|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Kyrenaica,| |Ptolemy| |VIII| |Euergetes| |II| |(Physcon),| |163| |-| |145| |B.C.||hemidrachm|
Ptolemy VIII was made co-ruler of Egypt with his older siblings in 170 B.C. Soon after, Ptolemy VI was captured in the Sixth Syrian War and Ptolemy VIII became sole king. When the war ended in 168 B.C. Ptolemy VI was restored to joint rule. The brothers quarreled and in 164 B.C. Ptolemy VIII drove out his brother out and became sole king, but he was in turn expelled in 163 B.C. As a result of Roman intervention, Ptolemy VIII was awarded rule of Kyrenaica. After Ptolemy VI's death in 145 B.C., Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt as co-ruler with his sister.
GP95307. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1641, pl. LVI, 14; Asolati 84; SNG Cop 651; BMC Ptolemies p. 94, 78; Malter 242; Weiser -; Noeske -, EF, some areas of weakness, reverse with some doubling, obverse edge beveled, central depressions, weight 36.92 g, maximum diameter 44.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 150 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus Ammon right, taenia with basileion above forehead; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY EYEPΓETOY, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, Φ right; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 10 (7 Dec 2019), lot 619; rare; $800.00 SALE |PRICE| $720.00
 


The Triumvirs, Mark Antony and Cleopatra, c. Autumn 34 B.C.

|Cleopatra| |VII|, |The| |Triumvirs,| |Mark| |Antony| |and| |Cleopatra,| |c.| |Autumn| |34| |B.C.||tessera|
This lead seal clearly copies the portrait of Cleopatra VII as represented on the denarius type RRC 543/1 - everything from the countenance of the face, the hairstyle, and the drapery matches closely. The seal is made to a much higher standard than is usual with lead tesserae - it may have been struck from an unknown coin die - and the presence of the caduceus may relate to the cult of Isis. -- Andrew McCabe
SH95312. Lead tessera, apparently unpublished, but cf. Crawford 543/1 for a similar portrait, VF, brown patina with touches of red, weight 6.491 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, c. autumn 34 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped female bust right (Cleopatra?), winged caduceus before; reverse blank; ex CNG e-sale 458 (18 Dec 2019), lot 305; ex Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Marc de Cock (Belgium); $800.00 SALE |PRICE| $720.00
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon), 163 - 145 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Kyrenaica,| |Ptolemy| |VIII| |Euergetes| |II| |(Physcon),| |163| |-| |145| |B.C.||hemidrachm|
Ptolemy VIII was made co-ruler of Egypt with his older siblings in 170 B.C. Soon after, Ptolemy VI was captured in the Sixth Syrian War and Ptolemy VIII became sole king. When the war ended in 168 B.C. Ptolemy VI was restored to joint rule. The brothers quarreled and in 164 B.C. Ptolemy VIII drove out his brother out and became sole king, but he was in turn expelled in 163 B.C. As a result of Roman intervention, Ptolemy VIII was awarded rule of Kyrenaica. After Ptolemy VI's death in 145 B.C., Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt as co-ruler with his sister.
GP95308. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1641, pl. LVI, 14; Asolati 84; SNG Cop 651; BMC Ptolemies p. 94, 78; Malter 242; Weiser -; Noeske -, EF, areas of weak strike, obverse edge beveled, edge crack, weight 36.82 g, maximum diameter 43.0 mm, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 150 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus Ammon right, taenia with basileion above forehead; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY EYEPΓETOY, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, Φ right; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 10 (7 Dec 2019), lot 618; rare; $720.00 SALE |PRICE| $648.00
 


Roman Provincial Egypt, c. 81 - 249 A.D., Lot of 25 Bronze Drachms

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt,| |c.| |81| |-| |249| |A.D.,| |Lot| |of| |25| |Bronze| |Drachms||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Domitian, arch, RPC II 2728
2) Domitian, quadriga of elephants right, Milne 528
3) Trajan, Emperor in biga of Centaurs, Year 13
4) Trajan, Eleutheria reclining
5) Hadrian, Nilus reclining, crocodile before
6) Hadrian, bust of Sarapis
7) Hadrian, two standing figures
8) Antoninus Pius, Nilus reclining, Nilometer before, aF, obverse pitted, scarce
9) Antoninus Pius, Nilus reclining
10) Lucius Verus, Year 5, Nilus reclining right on river bank, Emmett 2153.5, aF
11) Philip I, Year 5, Homonoia standing left, aF, porous
12-18) Hadrian
19-22) Antoninus Pius
23-25) Uncertain
LT96185. Bronze Lot, Lot of 25 Roman provincial Egypt drachms, c. 30mm, c. 22g, Fair to aF, Alexandria mint, c. 81 - 249 A.D.; unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $440.00 SALE |PRICE| $396.00
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II, 116 - 110 B.C. & 109 - 107 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |III| |and| |Ptolemy| |IX| |Soter| |II,| |116| |-| |110| |B.C.| |&| |109| |-| |107| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP94923. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1659, pl. LVII, 1; SNG Cop 347; Cohen DCA 60/1, Weiser -, Noeske -, Malter -, VF, scratches, spots of corrosion, slightly uneven strike, reverse slightly off center, tight flan, weight 13.607 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 116 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, L A (year 1) left, ΠA right; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II, 116 - 110 B.C. and 109 - 107 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |III| |and| |Ptolemy| |IX| |Soter| |II,| |116| |-| |110| |B.C.| |and| |109| |-| |107| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP96052. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1671, Noeske 308, SNG Cop 356, Cohen DCA 60/10, Weiser -, Malter -, gVF, centered on a tight flan, toned, scrapes, weight 13.083 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle with wings closed stands half left atop fulmen, LI (year 10) left, ΠA right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $260.00 SALE |PRICE| $234.00
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C., Lot of 5 Bronze Drachms

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |IV| |Philopator,| |221| |-| |204| |B.C.,| |Lot| |of| |5| |Bronze| |Drachms||Lot|
Ptolemy IV's surname Philopator means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
LT96150. Bronze Lot, 5 Ptolemy IV drachms, F, encrustations, corrosion, weight c. 44 g, maximum diameter c. 37 mm, Alexandria mint, 222 - 204 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia, reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left; ex Ora Eads Collection; unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II, 116 - 110 B.C. and 109 - 107 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |III| |and| |Ptolemy| |IX| |Soter| |II,| |116| |-| |110| |B.C.| |and| |109| |-| |107| |B.C.||obol|
The reattribution from Ptolemy V to Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX is based on a hoard found in Egypt and the contents of an Egyptian shipwreck that contained these coins mixed with tetradrachms attributed with certainty to Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra III. The ΣΩ in the left field probably refers to the epithet of Ptolemy IX Soter II.
GP95822. Bronze obol, Svoronos 1191, Weiser 114, SNG Cop 534, Noeske 187, Cohen DCA 35, VF, highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan cutting off right side of reverse legend, old scratch, obverse edge beveled, central depressions, weight 8.199 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, series 8, 115 - 114 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, K behind; reverse ΠToΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, Ω over Σ in left field, LΓ (year 3) in right field; rare; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy I Soter, 305 - 282 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |I| |Soter,| |305| |-| |282| |B.C.||diobol|
Ptolemy was Alexander the Great's satrap (governor) of Egypt from 323 B.C. He was effectively king after the murder of Alexander IV in 309 B.C. He assumed the tile of king early in 304 B.C., but back-dated the start of his reign to 7 Nov 305 B.C. After capturing Jerusalem, Ptolemy carried 100,000 prisoners to Alexandria to populate his new city. His liberality and grants of privileges eventually transformed these prisoners into the most faithful of his subjects. Ptolemy I died on January 282. He was the only one of the successors of Alexander the Great to die of natural causes.
GP94534. Bronze diobol, Lorber CPE B88, Svoronos 275 (12 spec.), SNG Cop 76, Weiser 7, Malter 34 (rev. beveled), Noeske -, F, dark brown patina, with buff earthen deposits, light scratches, obverse edge beveled, weight 16.141 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 285 - 282 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings open, A (primary control) above I (secondary control) left; from The Ray Nouri Collection; zero sales of this type listed on Coin Archives in the last two decades, all specimens of the type appear to have been struck with the same obverse die; extremely rare; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy X Alexander I, 110 - 109 B.C. and 107 - 88 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |X| |Alexander| |I,| |110| |-| |109| |B.C.| |and| |107| |-| |88| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Alexander was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. In 110 B.C., his mother deposed his brother Ptolemy IX and he became king with his mother as co-regent. In 109 B.C. Ptolemy IX took back the throne but in 107 B.C. Alexander again became king with his mother as co-regent. In 101 B.C. he had his mother killed, and then ruled either alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III. When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took the throne for six months.
GP51737. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1685, pl. 57, 30 (Ptolemy X); SNG Cop 373 (Ptolemy X); Noeske -; BMC Ptolemies -; SNG Milan -; Paphos I -, Hosking -, VF, struck with a worn obverse die, weight 14.577 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 91 - 90 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, LK∆ (year 24) left, ΠA right; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
 




  



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REFERENCES|

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