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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Ptolemaic Egypt||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt

After Alexander the Great's death, Egypt was administered by Ptolemy, one of his friends and generals. In 305 B.C., Ptolemy crowned himself king, establishing one of the most important and flourishing Hellenistic monarchies. Ptolemaic rule lasted for 275 years, until 30 B.C. The culture was a complex mixture of Egyptian and Greek traditions, best represented by the famous city of Alexandria. All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, while queens regnant were all called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt.

Judaea (Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.

|Greek| |Domination|, |Judaea| |(Yehudah),| |Ptolemaic| |Rule,| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.||1/4| |drachm|
This is apparently only the second known specimen of this type. All the references given describe the same coin and the plates share photos of a single specimen from the S. Moussaeiff Collection. This coin was struck with the same obverse die but it appears to be from a different reverse die. See the Moussaeiff Collection coin here.
JD99501. Silver 1/4 drachm, Hendin 6088 (RRR); Lorber CPE 710; Gitler-Lorber II Group 7, 15; Deutsch Unrecorded 4; Meshorer TJC -; Mildenberg Yehud -, gVF, toned, deposits, obv. off center, edge splits, weight 0.876 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, probably 272 - 261/0 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right; reverse eagle standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, Aramaic, Aramaic (YHDH) on left, read right to left (upward); ex CNG auction 117 (19-20 May 2001), lot 328 (listed as a quarter ma'ah in error); $21000.00 SALE PRICE $18900.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Lot of 11 Scarce Bronzes, 305 - 30 B.C.

|Multiple| |Coin| |Lots|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Lot| |of| |11| |Scarce| |Bronzes,| |305| |-| |30| |B.C.||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor. Types and grades have not been verified by FORVM:
1) Ptolemy I, AE20, Bust of Alexander, Svoronos 220, gF.
2) Ptolemy I, AE15, Cypriot Mint, Svoronos 630, VF, ex Ora Eads Collection.
3) Ptolemy II, imitative issue, Syracuse, Svoronos 610. aVF.
4) Ptolemy IV, AE20, Draped bust of Ptolemy III right, Svoronos 1000, gF/aF, countermark on each side.
5) Ptolemy IV, AE20, Draped bust of Ptolemy III right, Svoronos 1000, aF.
6) Berenike II or Cleopatra I, AE22, Veiled female bust right / Marathos standing, leaning on column, VF, rough, ex Ora Eads Collection.
7) Marathos, AE16, Veiled goddess or Cleopatra I right / prow right, BMC 15-18, VF, ex Ora Eads Collection.
8) Ptolemy IV, AE26, Kyrene, Jugate heads Apollo and Artemis, Svoronos 1137, F, harshly cleaned, obv. pitted, very rare, ex CNG 340 (12 Mar 14), lot 216.
9) Ptolemy VIII, AE12, Kyrene, Eagle left, wings open, Svoronos 1655, VF.
10) Ptolemy XII, AE24, Cypriot Mint, large cornucopia symbol before one eagle standing left, Svoronos 1814, aVF, typical thin flan.
11) Late Ptolemaic, c. 100 B.C., Svoronos 1698 var., VF, skeuomorph central marks.
LT96208. Bronze Lot, Ptolemaic Egypt, 11 scarce bronzes, c. 305 - 30 B.C.; unattributed, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 11 coins; $490.00 SALE PRICE $441.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, 9 Large Bronze Coins, c. 264 - 204 B.C.

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |9| |Large| |Bronze| |Coins,| |c.| |264| |-| |204| |B.C.||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Ptolemy II, AE41 drachm, 66.3g, cf. Svoronos 463.
2) Ptolemy III, AE32 hemidrachm, Svoronos 965.
3) Ptolemy IV, hemidrachm, Svoronos 1127.
4) Ptolemy IV, drachm, Svoronos 1148.
5-9) Ptolemy IV, AE35, Svoronos 974 (4 specimens).
LT96234. Bronze Lot, 9 large bronze coins, c. 33g - 66g, 33.5mm - 39.7mm, average F-VF, with porosity and pitting, c. 264 - 204 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse eagle or two eagles standing on thunderbolt; unattributed, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 9 large bronze coins; $340.00 SALE PRICE $306.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.||diobol|
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at Alexandria. They were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible. Many of the oldest Biblical verses in the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.
GP99631. Bronze diobol, Lorber CPE 242 (4 spec.), Svoronos 466 (1 spec.), Picard-Faucher 286, Malter 74 (=Svoronos 466a), SNG Cop -, Weiser -, Noeske -, VF, scratches, light corrosion, strike a little weak on highest points, beveled obverse edge, central depressions, weight 21.236 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 265 - 246 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, ME monogram between eagle's legs, Θ below tail; ex CNG e-auction 511 (9 Mar 2022), lot 185; very rare; $340.00 SALE PRICE $272.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||diobol|
This XP monogram was later used for Christ.

Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9. The Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power during his reign.
GP99077. Bronze diobol, Lorber CPE B397, Svoronos 966 (25 spec.); SNG Cop 176; Weiser 73; BMC Alexandria p. 55 89; Noeske 123; Hosking -, Choice F, well centered, central dimples, weight 21.502 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 246 - 222 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, chi-rho monogram between eagle's legs; from a Las Vegas dealer; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy IV or Ptolemy V, 222 - 205/4 B.C. or 204 - 180 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |IV| |or| |Ptolemy| |V,| |222| |-| |205/4| |B.C.| |or| |204| |-| |180| |B.C.||AE| |28|
There is not agreement among scholars on the date or reign for this type. Weiser assigns the type to Ptolemy X Alexander, presumably because Alexander would favor his namesake as a type, but notes the attribution is hypothetical. The latest research "A Metrological Survey of Ptolemaic Bronze Coins II: Alexandria First and Second Centuries BC, by Daniel Wolf, in American Journal of Numismatics 2021, Vol. 33, pp. 57 - 119, indicates attribution to Ptolemy IV or Ptolemy V, 222 - 180 B.C. While we are using the latest research, our confidence in the reigns and dates is low.
GP110233. Bronze AE 28, Svoronos 1493 (Ptolemy VI & VIII), SNG Cop 334 (Ptolemy VIII), Noeske 253 (Ptolemy VIII), Weiser 174 (Ptolemy X), Hosking -, aVF, central dimples, obv. edge beveled, weight 16.361 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 222 - 205/4 B.C. or 204 - 180 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right wearing elephant-skin headdress; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings open; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||obol|
This XP monogram was later used for Christ.

Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9. The Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power during his reign.
GP110232. Bronze obol, Lorber CPE 398, Svoronos 967; SNG Cop 178; Weiser 75; SNG Milan 175; SNG Blackburn 1166, BMC Alexandria p. 55, 93; Noeske -, Hosking -, Choice VF, well centered, toned bare bronze, small encrustations, central dimples, weight 11.463 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 245 - 222 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, chi-rho monogram between eagle's legs; scarce; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9. The Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power during his reign.
GY110319. Bronze hemiobol, Lorber CPE B469, Svoronos 709, SNG Cop 496, BMC Ptolemies p. 53, 70, Weiser 57, Hosking 27; SNG Milan 138; Noeske 96, VF, centered on a broad flan, edge cracks, earthen encrustation on edge, obverse edge beveled, central dimples, weight 6.254 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 330o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, c. 230 - 222 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, club left, no control letters; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy IX - Ptolemy XII, 99 - 58 B.C.

|Cyprus|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |IX| |-| |Ptolemy| |XII,| |99| |-| |58| |B.C.||dichalkon|
The Paphos II finds were excavated at the House of Dionysos in Paphos.
GB95763. Bronze dichalkon, Paphos II 383 - 385, otherwise unpublished, F, dark green patina with earthen highlighting, scratches, porosity, edge cracks, beveled obverse edge, sprue remnants, weight 2.044 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Paphos mint, 88 - 58 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned bust of Zeus Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), single cornucopia bound with fillet; ; rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $88.00


Kyrene, North Africa, Ptolemy Apion, c. 101 - 96 B.C.

|Kyrenaica|, |Kyrene,| |North| |Africa,| |Ptolemy| |Apion,| |c.| |101| |-| |96| |B.C.||quarter-obol|
Ptolemy Apion was a son of Ptolemy VIII, perhaps by an Egyptian concubine. This makes him a half-brother of Ptolemy IX and X. Ptolemy Apion died in 96 B.C., without an heir, leaving his kingdom to the Roman Republic.

According to Butrey, Apion's coinage was nothing but very small change, with a peak about 1.3 grams. Buttrey notes, "the Greek coinage of Cyrenaica, of glorious tradition, ended in the lamentable small bronzes of Apion."
GB110044. Bronze quarter-obol, Buttrey Cyrene 542 - 603, VF, tight flan, dark patina, earthen deposits, weight 1.127 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 101 - 96 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I as Zeus right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, head of Libya or Isis right; ex Naville auction 65 (30 May 2021), lot 111 (part of); ex Richard Plant collection; rare; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00




  



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REFERENCES

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