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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Comnen Dynasty| ▸ |Romanus IV||View Options:  |  |  | 

Romanus IV, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071 A.D.

Romanus IV Diogenes was the second husband of Eudocia. Eudocia was regent for her son Michael, and it would seem she married Romanus IV to supply the Empire with an emperor. After he was taken prisoner during a military campaign against the Turks, Eudocia was restored to rule - a position, in reality, she had probably never left.

|Romanus| |IV|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Romanus| |IV| |Diogenes,| |1| |January| |1068| |-| |19| |August| |1071||follis|NEW
In modern usage, the term despot means a ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercises it in a cruel or oppressive way. The original Greek term meant simply "lord" and was the Greek equivalent to the Latin dominus. Despotes was initially used as a form of address indicating respect. As such, it was applied to any person of rank, but in a more specific sense to God, bishops and the patriarchs, and primarily the Roman and Byzantine Emperors.
BZ99042. Bronze follis, DOC III-2 8, Morrisson BnF 53/Cp/AE/01, Wroth BMC 9 ff., Ratto 2030, Sommer 54.4, SBCV 1866, VF, dark patina, overstruck, weight 4.166 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071; obverse bust of Jesus Christ, dotted cross behind, wearing tunic and himation, right hand raised in benediction, left hand holds the Gospels , IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) flanking Christ's head; reverse Latin cross with X at center, one large and two small pellets at end of each arm, C R P ∆ (Greek abbreviation: Σταυρε Bοηθει Pωμανω ∆εσποτη - May the cross protect the despot Romanus) in the angles; from a Las Vegas dealer; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


|Romanus| |IV|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Romanus| |IV| |Diogenes,| |1| |January| |1068| |-| |19| |August| |1071||histamenon| |nomisma|
Due to their distinctive iconography, these histamenon were nicknamed "six-headers" in their day.
SH53611. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III-2 1.1; Morrisson BnF 53/Cp/AV/02; Wroth BMC 1; Sommer 54.1; SBCV 1859; Ratto -, aEF, scyphate, well struck, weight 4.396 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071; obverse KWN MX AN∆, Michael standing facing on footstool, transverse labarum in right hand, akakia in left hand, flanked by Constantius and Andronicus, each standing facing on an individual footstool, each holding akakia in inner hand and globus cruciger in outer hand; reverse + PWMAN S EV∆UKIA, Christ standing facing on footstool, crowning Romanus and Eudocia, each holds a globus cruciger in inner hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Iησοúς Xριστος - Jesus Christ) flanking Christ's head; ex Beast Coins; SOLD


|Romanus| |IV|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Romanus| |IV| |Diogenes,| |1| |January| |1068| |-| |19| |August| |1071||histamenon| |nomisma|
Due to their distinctive iconography, these histamenon types were nicknamed "six-headers" in their day.
SH76240. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III-2 1.1; Morrisson BnF 53/Cp/AV/02; Wroth BMC 1; Sommer 54.1; SBCV 1859; Ratto -, gVF, scyphate, earthen encrustation, light bumps and marks, weight 4.373 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071; obverse KWN MX AN∆, Michael standing facing on footstool, transverse labarum in right hand, akakia in left hand, flanked by Constantius and Andronicus, each standing facing on an individual footstool, each holding akakia in inner hand and globus cruciger in outer hand; reverse + PWMANS EV∆UKIA, Jesus Christ standing facing on footstool, crowning Romanus and Eudocia, each holds a globus cruciger in inner hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Iησοúς Xριστος - Jesus Christ) flanking above; from the Robert Watcher Collection; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bates, G. Archaeological Exploration of Sardis: Byzantine Coins. Sardis Monograph 1. (Cambridge, 1971).
Berk, H. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol III, Part 2: Basil I to Nicephorus III, 867-1081. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 6, 2022.
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