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Byzantine Empire, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius offered peace to Khusro, presumably in 624, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khusro rejected the offer. Heraclius marched into Persia with an army of probably less than 25,000 men, willingly abandoning any attempt to secure his rear or maintain lines of communication. Heraclius fought brilliantly and bravely repeatedly defeated the Persian forces. When the war ended in 628, Khusro had been murdered by his own men, the Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.BZ93528. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 61, DOC II-1 256 (not in collection), Ricotti 32 bis, Sommer 11.117, SBCV 886, Hahn MIB 241, Wroth -, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Tolstoi -, VF, nicely centered reverse, green patina, weight 3.494 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 624 - 625 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Heraclius on left, bearded, and Heraclius Constantine on right, beardless; both crowned, draped and cuirassed; cross between their heads; reverse large I (10 nummi), A/N/N/O left, X/V (year 15) right, CAT in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 663, Constans II invaded southern Italy.BZ98061. Bronze follis, Anastasi 204, DOC II-2 181, Morrisson BnF 9, Wroth BMC 362, Tolstoi 374, Ratto 1638, Hahn MIB 210, SBCV 1110, gVF, well centered and struck, mottled green and red patina, weight 3.494 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 659 - 663; obverse Constans (left) in military attire with long cross in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, both stand facing in crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in right, monogram (Kwt = Kwnstantine) above, SCL in exergue; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
Byzantine Empire, Constantine IV, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. The great siege of Constantinople by the caliph Muawiyah I, beginning in 674, lasted four years. In 678, the Byzantines finally broke the siege when they destroyed the Arab fleet using a new incendiary liquid known as Greek fire, and then defeated the Arab army on land. Constantinople would not fall to the Muslims until 29 May 1453.BZ93532. Bronze follis, DOC II-2 63, Wroth BMC 72, Tolstoi 129, Ricotti 122, Hahn MIB 107, Sommer 13.31, SBCV 1210, Morrisson BnF p. 390, Ratto -, aVF, obv. well centered, scratches, reverse off center, edge ragged, overstruck, weight 5.968 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, c. 681 - 682 A.D.; obverse diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, short beard, helmet with plum, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm ornamented with horseman, no legend; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram (Kwt = Kwnstantine) above, SCL in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
Byzantine Empire, Constans II with Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius (his sons), 2 June 659 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 660, Constans II, paranoid about the ambitions of his younger brother, Theodosius, had him murdered. Hated by the citizens of Constantinople, Constans decided to move the capital to Syracuse, Sicily. Although the date is mostly off the flan, the I left can only be year 19 (IT). Curiously, this type sometimes includes the officina number on both the obverse and reverse and the numbers do not always match.BZ93531. Bronze follis, DOC II-2 86d, Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AE/29, Wroth BMC 199, Tolstoi 349, Hahn MIB III 175, Sommer 12.55, SBCV 1011, Ratto -, aVF/F, ragged tight flan, weak reverse strike, marks, light deposits, weight 4.432 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 659 - 665 A.D.; obverse Constans standing facing, with long beard, wearing helmet, long cross in right, left hand on hip, I/Θ (year 19) in left field, cross above M (40 nummi) over officina letter (off flan) in right field; reverse Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each wearing crown with cross and chlamys, each holding globus cruciger in right hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00