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Roman Hispania, Hacksilver Lot of 12 Cut Silver Coin Fragments, c. Before 50 B.C.
Hacksilver lot of 12 cut silver coin fragments, reputedly all found in southern Spain. One Carthago Nova, cut 1/5 or 1/4 portion of a Hannibal shekel, 1.43g, cf. SNG BM 106 - 109, rare. Eleven cut fractions of Roman Republican denarii, mostly c. early 2nd century B.C.LT87284. Silver fragment, cut fraction of a Hannibal shekel, plus 11 cut Republican denarii fragments, average VF, no tags or flips, the actual coin fragments in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $280.00 (€238.00)
Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.SH90611. Bronze 1/5 unit, Villaronga-Benages 610, SNG BM Spain 129, Burgos 556, Villaronga MHC 283, Villaronga CNH 70, aVF, ragged flan with two edge splits, weight 2.116 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, c. 237 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse head right; rare; $110.00 (€93.50)
Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.GB84581. Bronze 1/5 unit, Villaronga-Benages 610, SNG BM Spain 129, Burgos 556, Villaronga MHC 283, Villaronga CNH 70, VF, nice green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan, reverse off center, weight 2.306 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, c. 237 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse head right; rare; $105.00 (€89.25)
Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, Early 1st Century B.C.
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome. GB73512. Bronze semis, SNG BM Spain 1359 (same dies); Villaronga-Benages 2156 (R6); Villaronga CNH p. 337, 52; Burgos 772; Lindgren II 44; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 4.721 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 45o, Kastulo mint, early 1st century B.C.; obverse diademed male head right, Iberian CA right; reverse bull standing right, L and crescent above, "Kastilo" in Iberian script in ex; $85.00 (€72.25)
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Italica, HispaniaBaetica
Italica, HispaniaBaetica was the birthplace of Trajan and Hadrian. The native Iberian town of Turdetani was refounded in 206 B.C. as Italica by Scipio Africanus to settle his victorious veterans from the Second Punic War and to control the area. The name reflected the veterans' Italian origins. Italica thrived, especially under Hadrian, who favored his birthplace. Hadrian expanded the city and elevated it to the status of colonia as ColoniaAelia Augusta Italica. He also added temples, including the enormous and unique Trajaneum in the center of the city to venerate his predecessor and adopted father, and rebuilt public buildings. The city started to dwindle as early as the 3rd century; a shift of the Guadalquivir River bed, probably due to silting, a widespread problem in antiquity that followed removal of the forest cover, left Italica's river port high and dry whilst Hispalis continued to grow nearby. The city may have been the birthplace of the emperor Theodosius I. Italica was important enough in late Antiquity to have a bishop of its own. The modern town of Santiponce overlies the pre-Roman Iberian settlement and part of the well-preserved Roman city.RP85963. Bronze as, RPC I 65, Villaronga-Benages 3333, Burgos 1592, SNG Cop 417, aF, porous, tight flan, weight 27.6 g, maximum diameter 11.957 mm, die axis 270o, Italica (Santiponce, Spain) mint, 14 - 37 A.D.; obverseTI CAESARAVGVSTVSPONT MAX IMP, bare head right; reverse MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG, altar inscribed PROVIDE/NTIAE / AVGVSTI in three lines; $80.00 (€68.00)
Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 165 - 80 B.C.
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.CE90779. Bronze AE 26, Villaronga p. 335, 32; SNG BM Spain 1314 ff.; SNG Cop 210; Burgos 545, F, green patina with earthen highlighting, irregular flan, weight 10.200 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 90o, Castulo mint, c. 165 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, crescent before; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergual line; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; $60.00 (€51.00)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ColoniaPatricia, HispaniaBaetica
Cordova, a city in Andalusia was the first colony planted by the Romans in Spain. Its original name was Corduba. When it was made a Roman colony it was renamed ColoniaPatricia, to honor the veterans and worthy men who settled it, to whom honor was due, as to Fathers (Patribus). This type may have been struck for Augustus' visit to the city in 15 - 14 B.C.RP84536. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 3359, RPC I 131, SNG Lorichs 1393, SNG Cop -, gVF, dark green patina, buff earthen deposits, light marks, edge cracks, off center, weight 1.879 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, ColoniaPatricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 20 - 2 B.C., probably 15 - 14 B.C.; obverse PER CAE AVG, bare head left; reverse COLO PATR, priest's sacrificial implements: patera (bowl) above aspergillum (sprinkler), capis (jug), and lituus (wand); $60.00 (€51.00)
Carteia, HispaniaBaetica, c. 44 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
The Latin colony of Carteia was founded in 171 B.C. In 27 B.C., when Augustus had become emperor, Hispania Ulterior was divided into Baetica (modern Andalusia) and Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura, and part of Castilla-León). Cantabria and Basque country were also added to Hispania Citerior.RP84139. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 2609, Villaronga 65; RPC I 116, SNG Cop 434, SNG Lorichs 1337, SNG München -, SNG Tub, VF, tight flan, earthen deposits, areas of heavy scratches, weight 2.922 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carteia mint, c. 44 B.C. - 1st century A.D.; obverseCARTEIA, head of Fortuna-Tyche right, wearing crown of turreted city walls, trident behind; reverseCupid riding dolphin right, IIII VIR above, EX D D below; $40.00 (€34.00)
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