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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Heraclean Dynasty| ▸ |Constantine IV||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constantine IV Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.

Joint rule with Constans II (his father), 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D., and Heraclius and Tiberius (his brothers), 2 June 659 - autumn 681 A.D.
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. Beginning in 674, the great siege of Constantinople, by the caliph Muawiyah I, lasted four years. The newly invented famous "Greek Fire" made the city impregnable and the Arabs were forced to retreat. In 681 he deposed his two brothers. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son Justinian II.

Byzantine Empire, Constantine IV, Heraclius, and Tiberius, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.

|Constantine| |IV|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |IV,| |Heraclius,| |and| |Tiberius,| |15| |July| |668| |-| |10| |July| |685| |A.D.||half| |follis|NEW
All the references given refer to the same single specimen, the only other specimen known, currently in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection (added post publication but available online). Click here to see DOC specimen. Sear describes the reverse with a K monogram and a T in the right field. Hahn and Morrison omit descriptions but provide photos. Dumbarton Oaks Collection Online correctly describes the coin with an plain K and a Γ, for the third officina, in the right field. The symbol in the right field on our specimen is obscure due to undertype effects, but the our coin appears to have been struck with the same dies.
BZ99098. Bronze half follis, cf. DOC Online BZC.1971.37.11; Hahn MIB III pl. 37, 100; Morrisson BnF pl. LX, 14/Ct/AE/08; SBCV 1198a, F, maroon and green patina, scratches, earthen deposits, overstruck with significant undertype effects, weight 3.772 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina(?), Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 681 - 685 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Constantine IV (in middle), Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius (on right), each wearing crown with cross and chlamys; reverse large K (20 nummi), cross potent left, Γ(?) right; from the Robert Wachter Collection; extremely rare, second known specimen, the only other specimen is in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00 ON RESERVE


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II| |and| |Constantine| |IV,| |13| |April| |654| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||follis|
In 663, Constans II invaded southern Italy.
BZ98061. Bronze follis, Anastasi 204, DOC II-2 181, SBCV 1110, Hahn MIB 210, Morrisson BnF 13/Sy/AE/09, Sommer 12.92, Wroth BMC 362, Tolstoi 374, Ratto 1638, gVF, well centered and struck, mottled green and red patina, weight 3.494 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 659 - 663; obverse Constans (left) in military attire with long cross in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, both stand facing in crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in right, monogram (Kwt = Kwnstantine) above, SCL in exergue; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


|Constantine| |IV|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |IV,| |15| |July| |668| |-| |10| |July| |685| |A.D.||follis|
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. The great siege of Constantinople by the caliph Muawiyah I, beginning in 674, lasted four years. In 678, the Byzantines finally broke the siege when they destroyed the Arab fleet using a new incendiary liquid known as Greek fire, and then defeated the Arab army on land. Constantinople would not fall to the Muslims until 29 May 1453.
BZ93532. Bronze follis, Anastasi 249; DOC II-2 63; SBCV 1210; Hahn MIB 3 107; Sommer 13.31; Wroth BMC 72; Tolstoi 129; Morrison BnF p. 390, Type 4 (not in the collection), aVF, obv. well centered, scratches, reverse off center, edge ragged, overstruck, weight 5.968 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, c. 681 - 682 A.D.; obverse diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, short beard, helmet with plum, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm ornamented with horseman, no legend; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram (Kwt = Kwnstantine) above, SCL in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Byzantine Empire, Constans II with Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius (his sons), 2 June 659 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II| |with| |Constantine| |IV,| |Heraclius| |and| |Tiberius| |(his| |sons),| |2| |June| |659| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||follis|
In 660, Constans II, paranoid about the ambitions of his younger brother, Theodosius, had him murdered. Hated by the citizens of Constantinople, Constans decided to move the capital to Syracuse, Sicily. Although the date is mostly off the flan, the I left can only be year 19 (IT). Curiously, this type sometimes includes the officina number on both the obverse and reverse and the numbers do not always match.
BZ93531. Bronze follis, DOC II-2 86d, Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AE/29, Wroth BMC 199, Tolstoi 349, Hahn MIB III 175, Sommer 12.55, SBCV 1011, Ratto -, aVF/F, ragged tight flan, weak reverse strike, marks, light deposits, weight 4.432 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 659 - 665 A.D.; obverse Constans standing facing, with long beard, wearing helmet, long cross in right, left hand on hip, I/Θ (year 19) in left field, cross above M (40 nummi) over officina letter (off flan) in right field; reverse Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each wearing crown with cross and chlamys, each holding globus cruciger in right hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50







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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 6, 2022.
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