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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Adoptive Emperors| ▸ |Faustina Sr.||View Options:  |  |  | 

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius

Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly and, upon her death in 141 A.D., she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.

|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius|, |sestertius|
Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
RB92447. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III AP1143, BMCRE IV 1531, Hunter II 142, SRCV II 4629, Cohen II 210, F, well centered on a round flan, toned brassy surfaces, bumps and marks, weight 25.640 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, after 147 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and banded, drawn up at the back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse IVNO, Juno standing slightly left, veiled head left, patera in extended right hand, long scepter near vertical in left hand, S - C divided across lower half of field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00
 


|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius|, |denarius|
Antoninus Pius wrote of his wife Faustina, "I would rather live with her on Gyara [an island of exile] than without her in the palace." Sadly, Faustina died just two years into his 23 year reign. At his request, the Senate deified her, and he minted a massive series of commemorative coins in her honor.
RS94547. Silver denarius, RIC III AP350a(b) (S), RSC II 34a, BMCRE IV AP291, Hunter II 1, SRCV II 4575 var. (no veil), aVF, well centered, flow lines, porous, die wear, edge split/cracks, weight 3.199 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 143 A.D.; obverse DIVA AVG FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and banded, drawn up at the back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AETERNITAS, Providentia (or Aeternitas) standing left, globe extended in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; first specimen of this veiled variant handled by FORVM, from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare variety; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
 


|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius|, |denarius|
Ceres' known mythology is indistinguishable from Demeter's. Her virgin daughter Proserpina (Persephone) was abducted by Hades to be his wife in the underworld. Ceres searched for her endlessly lighting her way through the earth with torches. While Ceres (Demeter) searched, she was preoccupied with her loss and her grief. The seasons halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die. Some say that in her anger she laid a curse on the world that caused plants to wither and die, and the land to become desolate. Faced with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus sent his messenger Hermes to the underworld to bring Proserpina back. However, because she had eaten while in the underworld, Hades had a claim on her. Therefore, it was decreed that she would spend four months each year in the underworld. During these months Ceres grieves for her daughter's absence, withdrawing her gifts from the world, creating winter. Proserpina's return brings the spring.
RS94549. Silver denarius, RIC III AP362, BMCRE IV AP421, RSC II 104, Hunter II 35, SRCV II 4584, VF, well centered, radiating flow lines, scattered porosity, flan edge a little ragged with small splits/cracks, weight 3.347 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waved and banded, drawn up at back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing facing, veiled head left, grounded long torch in right hand, raising drapery at waist with left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $115.00 SALE |PRICE| $103.00
 


|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius|, |denarius|
Ceres a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for Ceres in Roman art and literature.
RS94554. Silver denarius, RIC III AP358, RSC II 93, BMCRE IV AP389, SRCV II 4581, gF, nice portrait, light marks, die wear, edge cracks/splits, weight 3.171 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 141 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and banded, drawn up at the back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing slightly right, long scepter vertical behind in right, two heads of grain in left; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius|, |denarius|
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RS94556. Silver denarius, RIC III AP351, RSC II 32, BMCRE IV AP375, SRCV II 4578, Hunter II 23, F, nice portrait for the grade, flow lines, porosity, small encrustations, light marks, edge cracks, weight 3.370 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and banded with pearls, drawn up at the back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AETERNITAS, Providentia standing slightly left, head left, globe in extended right hand, veil blown out behind head in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius|, |denarius|
Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RS94545. Silver denarius, RIC III AP373, RSC II 124a, BMCRE IV AP452, Hunter II -, SRCV II -, VF, well centered, light toning, coppery areas, flow lines, porosity, weight 3.241 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAV-STINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and banded, drawn up at the back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AVGVSTA, Pietas standing half left, raising right hand, box of perfumes in left hand, lit altar left; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 


|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius|, |denarius|
Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
RS94560. Silver denarius, RIC III AP363, RSC II 120, BMCRE IV 428, SRCV II 4585, Hunter II 37, F, tight flan, marks, weight 2.617 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 141 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and banded, drawn up at the back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AVGVSTA, Juno seated right, veiled, transverse scepter in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius|, |denarius|
Ceres' known mythology is indistinguishable from Demeter's. Her virgin daughter Proserpina (Persephone) was abducted by Hades to be his wife in the underworld. Ceres searched for her endlessly lighting her way through the earth with torches. While Ceres (Demeter) searched, she was preoccupied with her loss and her grief. The seasons halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die. Some say that in her anger she laid a curse on the world that caused plants to wither and die, and the land to become desolate. Faced with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus sent his messenger Hermes to the underworld to bring Proserpina back. However, because she had eaten while in the underworld, Hades had a claim on her. Therefore, it was decreed that she would spend four months each year in the underworld. During these months Ceres grieves for her daughter's absence, withdrawing her gifts from the world, creating winter. Proserpina's return brings the spring.
RS94561. Silver denarius, RIC III AP362, BMCRE IV AP421, RSC II 104, Hunter II 35, SRCV II 4584, F, porous, scratches and marks, reverse off center, edge cracks, weight 2.961 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waved and banded, drawn up at back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing facing, veiled, head left, grounded long torch in right hand, raising drapery at waist with left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVAAVGFAVSTINA
DIVAAVGVSTAFAVSTINA
DIVAEFAVSTINAE
DIVAFAVSTINA
DIVAIFAVSTINA FAVSTINAAVGANTONINIAVG
FAVSTINAAVGANTONINIAVGPIIPP
FAVSTINAAVGANTONINIAVGPP
FAVSTINAAVGVSTA


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 2: Nerva to Antoninus Pius. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II: Vespasian to Hadrian. (London, 1926).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Seaby, H. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil III: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit Antoninus Pius. (Stuttgart, 1937).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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