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This type revived the reverse of gold coinage issued in 217 - 216 B.C. and broke a 75-year tradition of denarii with Roma obverses and Dioscuri or chariot reverses. The reverse depicts preparation for a sacrifice, part of the oath-taking ritual performed when treaties or agreements were made between the Italian peoples, cities and states.RR93655. Silver denarius, Crawford 234/1, Sydenham 527, RSC I Veturia 1, Russo RBW 969, BMCRR Rome 550, SRCV I 111, aVF, attractive toning, well centered on a flan with a ragged irregular edge with small splits, weight 3.917 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 137 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Mars right in a crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a plum on each side, X (mark of value) between neck and end of crest, TI·VET (VET in monogram) downward behind; reverse Oath-taking scene, attendant kneeling in center and holding sacrificial pig, flanked by two warriors facing inward, each with sword touching pig in right hand, and spear vertical in left hand, ROMA above; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00 ON RESERVE
Roman Republic, L. Antestius Gragulus, c. 136 B.C.
This was the first type to use the X value mark (ligate XVI = 16 asses).
L. Antestius Gragulus was a moneyer in 136 B.C., a magistrate, responsible for the production of the Roman coinage. Magistrates were not simple mint workers (monetarii), they were officials who controlled the process, including the design on the coins themselves. During the Roman Republic, moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for casting (and) striking bronze, silver (and) gold (coins)."RR97226. Silver denarius, Crawford 238/1, Sydenham 451, RSC I Antestia 9, BMCRR Rome 976, Russo RBW 980, SRCV I 115, gVF, nicely toned, flow lines, uneven strike with unstruck area on obverse and reverse, tiny edge splits, weight 3.922 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, c. 136 B.C.; obverse head of Roma left in winged helmet, crest with griffin head, peaked visor in three pieces, wearing earring and necklace, X below chin; reverse Jupiter in a fast quadriga right, thunderbolt in right hand, long lotus topped scepter and reins in left hand, L•ANTES (ANTE ligate) below horses, ROMA in exergue; ex Auktionshaus Münzhandlung Sonntag; $220.00 (€202.40)
Roman Republic, S. Afranius, 150 B.C.
Traditionally attributed to S. Afranius, however, Sear states, "SAFRA would appear to represent a cognomen only, no stop being inserted after the first letter." -- Roman Coins and Their Values by David R. SearRR93649. Silver denarius, Crawford 206/1, Sydenham 388, RSC I Afrania 1, BMCRR Roma 670, Russo RBW 885, SRCV I 85, Choice VF, attractive style, well centered, attractive toning, radiating flow lines, light marks and scratches, weight 3.697 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 150 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet with a three part visor and ornamented with a griffin head, earring and necklace, X (mark of value) behind; reverse Victory in a galloping biga right, reins in right hand, whip in left hand, SAFRA below, ROMA in exergue, linear border; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00 ON RESERVE
Roman Republic, L. Appuleius Saturninus, 104 B.C.
The use of Saturn on the reverse is an allusion to the moneyer's cognomen. Control marks for this type are a single Latin letter and one to four dots. Only one reverse die known for each control mark. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. CrawfordRR97632. Silver denarius, Crawford 317/3b, Sydenham 578a, RSC I Appuleia 1, SRCV I 193, BMCRR I Rome 1525 var. (·B), Russo RBW 1171 var. (:X), gVF, toned, flow lines, well struck with obv. slightly off center but all detail on flan, scratches, light porosity, part of edge a little irregular, weight 3.695 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 104 B.C.; obverse head of Roma left, wearing winged helmet with a three-piece peaked visor and ornamented with a griffin head, earring and necklace; reverse Saturn in a quadriga right, reins in left hand, harpa in raised right hand, ·B· below, L·SATVRN in exergue; ex Münzen & Medaillen auction 49 (20 Nov 2020), lot 300; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00 ON RESERVE
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