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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Republic| ▸ |211-100 B.C.||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic 211 - 100 B.C.
Roman Republic, Anonymous, 209 - 208 B.C.

|211-100| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Anonymous,| |209| |-| |208| |B.C.||denarius|
The Roman denarius was introduced in 211 B.C., initially weighing about 4.5 grams. The word denarius is derived from the Latin deni "containing ten," as its value was 10 asses, although in the middle of the 2nd century B.C. it was revalued to 16 asses or four sestertii. The denarius was the most common Roman coin for centuries but was slowly debased in weight and silver content until its replacement by the double denarius, called the antoninianus, early in the 3rd century A.D.
RR72151. Silver denarius, SRCV I 40, RSC I 20t, Crawford 76/1a, Sydenham 201 (scarce), BMCRR Italy II 112, VF, superb Greek style, well struck, toned, light marks and corrosion, weight 4.101 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 45o, Sicilian mint, 209 - 208 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, in winged crested helmet with griffin head at peak, wearing necklace and drop-pendant earring, branch behind, X (mark of value) below chin, border of dots; reverse Dioscuri galloping right, wearing pilei, cloaks flying behind, and holding spears, two stars above, ROMA in a linear frame in exergue, linear border; very rare; SOLD


Roman Republic, M. Baebius Q.f. Tampilus, 137 B.C.

|211-100| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |M.| |Baebius| |Q.f.| |Tampilus,| |137| |B.C.||denarius|
An unusual coin because Romas head faces left instead of the usual right, it is the first appearance of Apollo on a denarius, and the positions of ROMA and the moneyers name are reversed. The moneyers purpose for departing from tradition is unknown. -- Roman Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
RR97642. Silver denarius, Crawford 236/1a, BMCRR I Rome 938, Sydenham 489, RSC I Baebia 12, Russo RBW 975, SRCV I 113, near Mint State, fine style, mint luster, minor die cracks on obverse, tiny edge split, weight 3.965 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 137 B.C.; obverse head of Roma left in winged helmet, drop earring and necklace of pendants, TAMPIL upwards behind, X (mark of value) below chin; reverse Apollo in a quadriga right, laurel-branch in right hand, reins, bow and arrow in left, ROMA below, MBAEBIQF in exergue; SOLD


Macedonia Prima Merida (First Region), Roman Dependent Republic, c. 168 - 149 B.C.

|Macedonia|, |Macedonia| |Prima| |Merida| |(First| |Region),| |Roman| |Dependent| |Republic,| |c.| |168| |-| |149| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
This type was minted with Artemis' age ranging from childhood to maturity. "Artemis is presented as ageless in the sense that she is every age. These coins were all struck at the same time and the same place as hoard evidence verifies." -- Wayne Sayles, "Ancient Coin Collecting III, Numismatic Art of the Greek World"
SH38445. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Ashmolean 3290; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 2, gVF, weight 16.520 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 149 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield (the whole obverse represents a shield) with bust of Artemis Tauropolos (Diana to the Romans) at the center facing right, bow and quiver at her shoulder; reverse MAKΕΔONΩN / ΠPΩTΗΣ (First Macedonia) above and below club, (AP monogram) above, all within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; SOLD


Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.

|Roman| |Military| |Mint|, |Roman| |Macedonia,| |"Thasian"| |Type,| |c.| |148| |-| |80| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
This monogram variation, similar to Prokopov's monogram 24, is apparently unrecognized. Perhaps it is an engraving error for that monogram. All four specimens known to Forum are from both the same obverse and reverse dies.
SH63496. Silver tetradrachm, Lukanc p. 79 & pl. 18, 128 (same dies); CNG eAuction 224, lot 64 (same dies); Prokopov Thasos, monogram 28, -; SNG Cop -; BMC Thrace -, VF, some dings and scratches, toned, weight 16.533 g, maximum diameter 33.9 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, monogram inner left; very rare monogram; SOLD


Apollonia, Illyria, Greece, c. 120 - 70 B.C.

|Roman| |Greece|, |Apollonia,| |Illyria,| |Greece,| |c.| |120| |-| |70| |B.C.||drachm|
Strabo, in about 17 A.D. wrote: "On the territory of the people of Apolonia in Illlyria there is what is called a nymphaeum. It is a rock which emits fire. Below it are springs flowing with hot water and asphalt..." The Nymphaeum was likely a burning natural gas seep.
GS65542. Silver drachm, Ceka 8; BMC Thessaly p. 59, 41 - 42; SNG Cop 398; Maier p. 15, 120; HGC 3.1 5 (R), VF, weight 2.980 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 270o, Apollonia mint, magistrates Aibatios & Chairenos, c. 120 - 70 B.C.; obverse ANTIBANTTIOΣ, cow standing left, head turned back right, suckling calf standing right, grain ear left in exergue; reverse AΠOΛ - XAI-PH-NOΣ, the Nymphaeum of Apollonia ablaze, lagobolon below, within double linear square with sides curved inward; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Albert, R. Die Mnzen der rmischen Republik. (Regenstauf, 2003).
Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Berger, F. Die Mnzen der Rmischen Republik im Kestner-Museum Hannover. (Hannover, 1989).
Buttrey, T. "The Denarii of P. Crepusius and Roman Republican Mint Organization" in ANSMN 21 (1976), p. 67-108.
Carson, R. Principal Coins of the Romans, Vol. I: The Republic, c. 290-31 BC. (London, 1978).
Coin Hoards of the Roman Republic Online - http://numismatics.org/chrr/
Crawford, M. "Paestum and Rome: The form and function of a subsidiary coinage" in La monetazione di bronzo do Poseidonia-Paestum. Annali 18-19 Supp. (Naples, 1971).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006) pp. 321-356.
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/
De Ruyter, P. "Denarii of the Roman Republican Moneyer Lucius Julius Bursio, a Die Analysis" in NC 156 (1996), p. 79 - 121, pl. 21 - 22.
Grueber, H. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Harlan, M. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins, 63 BC - 49 BC. (London, 1995).
Harlan, M. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins, 81 BCE - 64 BCE. (Citrus Heights, CA, 2012).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
McCabe, A. "The Anonymous Struck Bronze Coinage of the Roman Republic: A Provisional Arrangement" in Essays Russo.
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

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