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Vibo Valentia was originally the Greek colony of Hipponion. It was founded, probably around the late 7th century B.C., by inhabitants of Locri, a city south of Vibo Valentia on the Ionian Sea. In 388 B.C., the city was taken by Dionysius the Elder, tyrant of Syracuse, who deported the entire population. The population came back in 378 B.C., with the help of the Carthaginians. In the following years Hipponion came under the dominion of the Bruttii. The town fell to Rome and became a Roman colony in 194 B.C. with the name of Vibo Valentia. After a phase of prosperity during the late Republic and early Empire, the town was almost completely abandoned after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.GI93431. Bronze semis, HN Italy 2263; SNG ANS 483, SNG Cop 1849; SNG München 1378; BMC Italy p. 361, 16: HGC I 1407 (R1), VF, black patina, light earthen deposits, weight 3.283 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Vibo Valentia mint, 193 - 150 B.C.; obverse head of Juno (Hera) right, wearing stephane, S (mark of value) behind; reverse double cornucopia overflowing with grain and grapes, VALENTIA downward on left, carnyx (control symbol) and S (mark of value) on right; from Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00
Uncertain City (Panormos?), Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 211 - 190 B.C.
In 254 B.C. Panormus was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained for many years one of the principal cities of Sicily. It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under Augustus, Panormus received a Roman colony.GI89312. Bronze triens, Semuncial standard; Calciati I p. 365, 205 (Panormos); SNG Munchen 835 (Panormos); HGC 2 1691 (R1, uncertain Romano-Sicilian); SNG Cop -, aVF, off center but types on flan, a little rough, weight 3.239 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain Romano-Sicilian mint, c. 211 - 190 B.C.; obverse veiled and draped bust of Demeter-Ceres left, small cornucopia behind neck; reverse double cornucopia, overflowing with bunches of grapes, tied with fillets, four pellets (mark of value) in a vertical line to left; rare; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
Melita (Mdina, Malta), Under Roman Rule, c. 180 - 170 B.C.
The letters aleph, nun, nun, are commonly taken to indicate the Punic and pre-Roman name of Malta, GHONAN, which means ship, an allusion to the fact that the tiny Maltese islands, seen from afar would look like a number of ships in the center of the sea.GB63618. Bronze triens, Calciati III p. 353, 6; Coleiro 7; SNG Evelpidis 740; SNG Dreer 604; SNG Cop VIII 461, aF, green patina, obverse off center, corrosion, weight 2.610 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Melita (Mdina, Malta) mint, c. 180 - 170 B.C.; obverse diademed and veiled female head right; reverse tripod lebes with three loop handles and lion paws feet, Phoenician letters aleph nun nun upwards on left and again downward on right; rare; SOLD
American Numismatic Society Collections Database (ANSCD) - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
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