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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Adoptive Emperors| ▸ |Marcus Aurelius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius was recognized by Hadrian as a fine and capable youth and betrothed to the daughter of Aelius. Antoninus Pius adopted him and in 145 A.D. he married Antoninus' daughter, Faustina II. In 161 A.D., he succeeded Antoninus as Augustus, immediately proclaiming Lucius Verus his co-emperor. Although known for his adherence to the philosophy of Stoicism and as a naturally peaceful man, Marcus' reign was disturbed by war with Parthia, plague and then a long, hard war along the Danube frontier. He died on March 17th, 180 A.D. and was deified by the senate soon after.

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Koinon of Thessaly

|Thessaly|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.,| |Koinon| |of| |Thessaly||AE| |26|
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.
RP98018. Bronze AE 26, SNG Evelpidis 1682; RPC IV.1 T4563.12; BCD Thessaly II 960.1; Rogers 94; BMC Thessaly p. 8, 78; SNG Cop -, VF, nice portrait, broad flan, marks/scratches, areas of light corrosion, weight 14.897 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 270o, Thessaly mint, 161 - 180 A.D.; obverse AVT M AVP ANTWNEINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse KOINWN ΘECCAΛWN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear with right hand, round shield on left arm; ex Naville Numismatics auction 19 (13 Dec 2015), lot 196; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Tyana, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.,| |Tyana,| |Cappadocia||AE| |24|
Tyana was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia. Under Caracalla the city became Antoniana colonia Tyana. After having sided with Queen Zenobia of Palmyra it was captured by Aurelian in 272, who would not allow his soldiers to sack it, allegedly because Apollo appeared to him, pleading for its safety. The ruins of Tyana are at modern Kemerhisar, three miles south of Nigde. There are remains of a Roman aqueduct and of cave cemeteries and sepulchral grottoes.
RP98020. Bronze AE 24, Ganschow II p. 407, 1024; RPC IV.3 T5742; BMC Galatia p. 97, 7; Lindgren-Kovacs 1739; Waddington p. 406, 6808; SNG Cop -, VF, dark brown patina, weight 8.747 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, Cappadocia, Tyana (Kemerhisar, Turkey) mint, 164 - 165 A.D.; obverse AYTOK M - ANTWNEINOC - CE, laureate, bearded head right; reverse TYANEWN - T Π T IEP ACY AYTO (TΩN ΠPOC TAYPO IEPAC ACYΛOY AYTONOMO = of Tyana at the Taurus, Holy Sanctuary, Autonomous), Tyche seated left, turreted, stalks of grain and bunch of grapes in right hand, resting left hand on seat, left foot on swimming river-god (Euphrates), seat decorated with griffin, ET - B (year 2) divided across field; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D. Pisidia, Antiochia

|Pisidia|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.| |Pisidia,| |Antiochia||AE| |20|
Antiochia in Pisidia, also know as Antiochia in Phrygia, and under the Roman Empire as Antiochia Caesareia or Antiochia Colonia Caesarea, was on the border of Pisidia and Phrygia, at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, Aegean and Central Anatolian regions.
RP98025. Bronze AE 20, Krzyzanowska 139, pl. 4 (dies not listed); RPC IV.3 T7338; BMC Lycia p. 177, 9; SNG BnF 1087; SNGvA 4922; SNG Righetti 1328, VF, well centered, highlighting desert patina, flow lines, light crackling corrosion, strike slightly weak, weight 3.381 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (near Yalvaç, Turkey) mint, as caesar, c. 160 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVRELIVS, bare head right; reverse ANTIOCHEAE COLONIAE, eagle standing half right, head right, wings displayed; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00
 


|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.||denarius|
The style of this coin is very similar to official issues but it was struck by an unofficial criminal mint. It was stuck on a flan made with a bronze core wrapped in thin silver foil. This combination of bust, legends and reverse type was never struck by the official Roman mint. This counterfeit likely circulated easily when new, but after centuries underground, has the deceit has been exposed. The bronze core has corroded in spots, expanded, and pushed up the silver foil. This is most visible on the obverse right field where the silver has been pushed up and cracked.
RS97934. Fouree silver plated denarius, RIC III 272 var. (no cuirass), RSC II 258 var. (same), BMCRE IV 570 var. (laur. head), Hunter II -, SRCV II -, aVF, well centered, nice portrait, radiating flow lines, reverse flatly struck, scratches, edge cracks, lamination defects, weight 3.118 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial criminal mint, c. 173 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVII, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse IMP VI COS III, Aequitas standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 Mar 161 - 17 Mar 180 A.D., Hierapolis, Cyrrhestica, Syria

|Roman| |Syria|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |Mar| |161| |-| |17| |Mar| |180| |A.D.,| |Hierapolis,| |Cyrrhestica,| |Syria||AE| |24|
The modern name Manbij is very similar to the original Aramean name, Mnbg. It was part of the kingdom of Bit Adini before it was annexed by the Assyrians in 856 B.C. It fell to Alexander and later prospered under the Seleucids who made it the chief station between Antioch and Seleucia on the Tigris. It was refounded as Hieropolis by Eumenes II of Pergamon in 190 B.C. Crassus sacked the temple on his way to meet the Parthians in 53 B.C. In the 3rd century, the city was the capital of Euphratensis province and one of the great cities of Syria. It was, however, in a ruinous state when Julian gathered his troops there before marching to his defeat and death in Mesopotamia. Sassanid Emperor Khosrau I held it for ransom after the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I failed to defend it. The Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid restored it at the end of the 8th century, making it the capital of al-Awasim province. Afterward, the city became a point of contention between the Byzantines, Arabs, and Turks. The crusaders captured it from the Seljuks in the 12th century, but Ayyubid Sultan Saladin retook it in 1175. Manbij later became the headquarters of Hulagu and his Mongols, who destroyed it. The remains of ancient Manbij are extensive, but almost wholly of late date, as is to be expected in the case of a city which survived into Muslim times. The walls were built by the Arabs, and no ruins of the great temple survive.
RP98023. Bronze AE 24, cf. BMC Galatia p. 142, 30; SNG Righetti 1877; SNG Hunterian II 2680; SNG Cop 58; Butcher p449, 46a; RPC Online IV.3 T6987, VF, attractive portrait, slightly off center, light deposits, light corrosion, weight 10.073 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Hierapolis-Bambyce (Manbij, Syria) mint, 161 - 180 A.D.; obverse AY K M AYPHΛI - ANTWNEINOC (or similar, right side off flan), laureate, bearded head right; reverse ΘEAC CYPI/AC IEPOΠO / Θ (Holy City of the Syrian Goddess) in three lines within laurel wreath; ex Naville Numismatics auction 32 (18 Jun 2017), lot 207; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
 


|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.||sestertius|NEW
In 172, Marcus Aurelius crossed the Danube with an expeditionary force. He subdued the Marcomanni and their allies and then, in a pact signed with the Germanic tribes, he imports them into the Roman Empire to occupy areas that have been depopulated by the plague.
RB98693. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1029, BMCRE IV 1423, SRCV II 4978, Cohen III 272, Hunter II 174 var. (bust draped and cuirassed), aF, dark green patina, reverse off center, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, scratches, flan cracks, weight 23.37 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 171 - Dec 172 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVI, laureate head right; reverse IMP VI COS III, Victory standing right, top bare, draped only from the waist down, fixing a shield inscribed VIC / GER in two lines on a palm tree, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across lower field; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
 







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

ANTONINVSAVG
ANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVS
AVRELIVSCAESANTONAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESARANTONINIAVGPIIFIL
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFIL
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIFCOSDES
DIVOMARCO
DIVOMARCOANTONINO
DIVVSMANTONINVSPIVS
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVGPM
IMPMANTONINVSAVG
IMPMANTONINVSAVGTRPXXV
IMPMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
MANTONINVSAVG
MANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVS
MANTONINVSAVGARMENPM
MANTONINVSAVGARMPARTHMAX
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARM
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMATICVS
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMMAX
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMTRPXXXI
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMTRPXXXPP
MANTONINVSAVGGERMTRPXXIX
MANTONINVSAVGIMPII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXX
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXV
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVI
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIX
MAVRELANTONINVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVSPM
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGARMPARTHMAX
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGTRPXXXIII
MAVRELIVSCAESARANTONINIAVGPIIF
MAVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIF


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Münzprägung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Wien, 1984).
Seaby, H. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil III: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit Antoninus Pius. (Stuttgart, 1937).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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