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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Countermarked||View Options:  |  |  | 

Countermarked Imperial Roman and Roman Provincial Coins

A countermark is a stamped or punched impression adding elements of design to a coin after it was originally struck. The practice of countermarking coins was widespread throughout antiquity. It was particularly common in the provinces of the Roman Empire. Countermarks were applied to coins for many reasons, including revalidation, revaluation, devaluation, and propaganda. Exactly when and why any individual countermark was applied is often uncertain.

Lot of 13 Countermarked Ancient Bronze Coins, c. 350 B.C. - 450 A.D.

|Countermarked|, |Lot| |of| |13| |Countermarked| |Ancient| |Bronze| |Coins,| |c.| |350| |B.C.| |-| |450| |A.D.||Lot|
LT75954. Bronze Lot, 13 countermarked ancient bronze coins, 14.6 - 27.3mm diameter, nice countermarks - the best of which are probably visible in the photo; the actual coins in photograph; not researched by FORVM, unattributed, not tags or flip, as is, no returns; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Samaria, Judaea

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta,| |Caesarea| |Maritima,| |Samaria,| |Judaea||AE| |24|
Judaea Capta issue minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. This issue mistakenly titles Domitian 'IMP XXIII' though he never received a twenty-third acclamation. All known specimens of this type display this error.
JD111095. Bronze AE 24, Meshorer TJC 395a (same c/m); Hendin 6486a (same); SNG ANS 489 (same); Sofaer 38 (same); RPC Online II 2308; BMC Palestine p. 281, 38, aF, near black patina, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 9.839 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima (Keisaria, Israel) mint, 92 - 93 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XII, laureate head right; countermark: laureate head right (Howgego GIC 133); reverse IMP XXIII COS XVI CENS P P P, Victory advancing left in flowing gown, wreath in right hand, trophy in left hand; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Gadara,| |Decapolis||AE| |23|
A round countermark with a head right is common on this type and is identified usually attributed as Howgego 206. Howgego identifies the head as Tyche but notes it may be male and may appear turreted due to an undertype. RPC II notes the heads are not all the same. We believe some do look very much like Tyche-Fortuna and some look very male. This one looks male.
GB111784. Bronze AE 23, Spijkerman 26a (c/m male bust); RPC II 2093; SNG ANS 6 1300; Rosenberger 32; Sofaer 24; countermark: Howgego 206, gF, dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, obv. countermark, weight 11.134 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Decapolis, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 71 - 72 A.D.; obverse OYECΠACIANOC KAICAP (clockwise from upper right), laureate head right; countermark: male(?) head right in a round punch; reverse ΓAΔAPA (clockwise on right), Tyche standing left, wreath in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, date LEΛP (year 135) horizontal center left; ex CNG e-auction 510 (23 Feb 2022), lot 479; ex Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Acmoneia, Phrygia

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Nero,| |13| |October| |54| |-| |9| |June| |68| |A.D.,| |Acmoneia,| |Phrygia||AE| |19|
Acmoneia was located on a small tributary of the river Sindros, about six miles west of Diocleia. Struck by magistrate L. Servinius Capito, third issue. There was a local cult of Asklepios
RP111812. Bronze AE 19, SNGvA 3373 (same c/m); RPC Online I 3176.25 (same); BMC Phrygia 43; SNG Cop 29; c/m: Howgego 241 (12 pcs), aF, green patina, scratches, burnished, porous, weight 4.573 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Akmonia (Ahat Koyu, Turkey) mint, c. 65 A.D.; obverse NEPWNA CEBACTON AKMONEIC, laureate head right with aegis, crescent above, winged caduceus below; countermark: Asklepios standing, holding serpent-encircled staff, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 9 mm; reverse CEPOYHNIOY KAΠITWNOC KAI IOYΛIAC CEOYHPAC, Zeus enthroned left, phiale extended in right, resting left on long scepter vertical, owl under throne, EΠI APX TO Γ right; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00



Baker, R. "The Countermarks Found on Ancient Roman Coins: A Brief Introduction" in SAN XV (1984). pp. 52-58.
Barag, D. "The countermarks of the Legio Decima Fretensis" in Kindler Patterns. (Tel-Aviv, 1967).
Barag, D. & S. Qedar. "A Countermark of the Legio Quinta Scytica from the Jewish War" in INJ 13 (1994).
Howgego, C. Greek Imperial Countermarks. RNS, Special Publication No. 17. (London, 1985).
Kenyon, R. "The countermark PROB on coins of Claudius from Britain" in NC 148 (1988).
Martini, R. Nomismata 6: The Pangerl Collection Catalog and Commentary on the Countermarked Roman Imperial Coins. (Milan, 2003).
Mac Dowall, D. "Two Roman Countermarks of A.D. 68" in NC 1960, pp. 103 - 112, pl. VII.
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Volume IV: The Coinage of Eastern Palestine, and legionary countermarks, Bar-Kochba overstruck. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies contremarques en Syrie" in Syria 35 (1958), pp. 187-197.
Topalov, S. New Contributions to the Study of the Countermarking of Coins in the Area of the West Pontic Cities, 3rd - 1st c. B.C. (Sofia, 2002).
Werz, U. "Die Gegenstempel von Kalkriese und der Mnzumlauf in frhtiberischer Zeit in der Germania inferior und superior" in Wiegels, p. 237 - 252.
Werz, U. Gegenstempel auf Reichs - und Provinzialprgungen der rmischen Kaiserzeit - Katalog der Sammlung Dr. Konrad Bech, Mainz. (Speyer, 2004).

Catalog current as of Thursday, June 1, 2023.
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