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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Youth||View Options:  |  |  | 

Youth (Juventas)

Juventas is Roman goddess of youth and before she married Heracles was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving nectar and ambrosia. Boy's offered Juventas a coin when they put on the adult men's toga for the first time.


Maximus, Caesar, 235 or 236 - 24 June 238 A.D.

|Maximus|
When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RB92924. Bronze as, RIC IV 14(b), BMCRE VI 218, Hunter III 15, SRCV III 8415, Cohen IV 15, VF, well centered, corrosion, scratches, light smoothing, weight 9.475 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, early 236 - Mar/Apr 238 A.D.; obverse MAXIMVS CAES GERM, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (to the Prince of Youth), Maximus standing left, head bare, short scepter in right hand, transverse spear in left hand, two military standards behind, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; scarce; $160.00 (Ä144.00)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

|Crispus|
On 1 March 317, Constantine and Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still a baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL89944. Billon reduced follis, Hunter V 56 (also 3rd officina), RIC VII Siscia 39 (R3), SRCV IV 16702A, Cohen VII 106, Choice gVF, excellent centering and strike, nice portrait and reverse style, brown tone, round flan, weight 3.112 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 317 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAESAR, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), soldier standing right, wearing crested helmet and military garb, paludamentum (long military cloak) behind hanging from shoulders, inverted spear in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, ΓSIS in exergue; scarce; $70.00 (Ä63.00)


Diadumenian, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D.

|Diadumenian|
Diadumenian was so named because he was born with a caul that formed a 'diadem.' A caul is a piece of membrane that can cover a newborn's head and face. Birth with a caul is rare, occurring in fewer than 1 in 80,000 births. The caul is harmless and is immediately removed by the physician or midwife upon delivery of the child.
SH82698. Silver denarius, RSC III 12; RIC IV M107.1a (S), Hunter III 1, cf. BMCRE V p. 508, M82 (antoninianus, but denarius noted); SRCV II -, Choice gVF, excellent reverse, full circles strike, obverse die wear/rust, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.447 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 1st emission, c. 11 Apr - 31 Jan 217; obverse M OPEL DIADVMENIANVS CAES, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINC IVVENTVTIS (Prince of Youth), Diadumenian standing slightly left, head left, in military dress, baton in right hand, scepter nearly vertical in left hand, legionary aquila and standard topped with a wreath on right standing in ground behind him; scarce; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Thursday, February 20, 2020.
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Youth