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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ YouthView Options:  |  |  | 

Youth (Juventas)

Juventas is Roman goddess of youth and before she married Heracles was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving nectar and ambrosia. Boy's offered Juventas a coin when they put on the adult men's toga for the first time.


Diadumenian, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D.

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Diadumenian was so named because he was born with a caul that formed a 'diadem.' A caul is a piece of membrane that can cover a newborn's head and face. Birth with a caul is rare, occurring in fewer than 1 in 80,000 births. The caul is harmless and is immediately removed by the physician or midwife upon delivery of the child.
SH82698. Silver denarius, RSC III 12; RIC IV M107.1a (S), Hunter III 1, cf. BMCRE V p. 508, M82 (antoninianus, but denarius noted); SRCV II -, Choice gVF, excellent reverse, full circles strike, obverse die wear/rust, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.447 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 1st emission, c. 11 Apr - 31 Jan 217; obverse M OPEL DIADVMENIANVS CAES, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINC IVVENTVTIS (Prince of Youth), Diadumenian standing slightly left, head left, in military dress, baton in right hand, scepter nearly vertical in left hand, legionary aquila and standard topped with a wreath on right standing in ground behind him; scarce; $600.00 (510.00)


Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

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In 283, Carus left Carinus in charge of the West and moved with Numerian and his praetorian prefect Arrius Aper to the East to wage war against the Sassanid Empire. The Sassanids had been embroiled in a succession dispute since the death of Shapur and were in no position to oppose Carus' advance. According to Zonaras, Eutropius, and Festus, Carus won a major victory against the Persians, taking Seleucia and the Sassanid capital of Ctesiphon (near modern Al-Mada'in, Iraq), cities on opposite banks of the Tigris. In celebration, Numerian, Carus, and Carinus all took the title Persici maximi.
RA85606. Billon antoninianus, Venra IV 1927 (12 ex.); RIC V-2 361; Cohen VI 76; Hunter IV 2 var. (KA∆); SRCV III -, Choice VF, excellent portrait, attractive surfaces, light marks, light encrustations, weight 3.172 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, as caesar, Nov/Dec 282 - Feb/Mar 283 A.D.; obverse M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVT (to the Prince of Youth), Numerian standing left, baton pointed downward in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, ∆KA in exergue; $125.00 (106.25)


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RS86827. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 218d, RSC IV 48, Hunter V 8, SRCV III 9240, EF, excellent portrait, detailed reverse, well centered and struck on a broad oval flan, light tone, flan crack, weight 3.598 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENT (to the Prince of Youth), Philip II standing slightly left, head left, wearing military dress, globe in extended right hand, inverted spear in left hand; ex Beast Coins; $125.00 (106.25)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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In 175, Commodus, son of Marcus Aurelius and his wife Faustina, was made caesar. This coin was dedicated to the new caesar, the "Prince of Youth."
RS85047. Silver denarius, RIC III MA603, RSC II 608, BMCRE IV MA639, SRCV II 5540, Hunter II 3 var. (draped bust), Choice aVF/F, nice youthful portrait, well centered, rose tone, radiate flow lines, light marks, small edge cracks, weight 2.900 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 175 A.D.; obverse COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM, youth's bare head right; reverse PRINC IVVENT (Prince of Youth), Commodus standing slightly left, head left, wearing short tunic and chlamys, branch downward in right hand, inverted spear vertical behind in left hand, trophy of captured arms with round shield and bow at base; $60.00 (51.00)







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, July 17, 2018.
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Youth