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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Augustus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the Roman empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. Augustus was succeeded by his stepson Tiberius after a long reign of 41 years. He was 77, having ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.

Roman Empire, 13 Julio-Claudian Provincial Coins, c. 27 B.C. - 68 A.D.

|Roman| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Roman| |Empire,| |13| |Julio-Claudian| |Provincial| |Coins,| |c.| |27| |B.C.| |-| |68| |A.D.||Lot|NEW
The following is from Moneta Numismatic Services tags and is not verified by FORVM:
1) Augustus, AE23, 8.60g, Colonia Patricia, Spain, RPC I 129
2) Augustus, Bilbilis, Spain, AE28, 8.81g, RPC I 395, SNG Cop 617
3) Augustus, Julia Traducta, Spain, AE24, 9.44g, IVLIA TRAD in two lines within wreath, RPC I 108
4) Augustus, Pergamum, Mysia, AE19, 6.36g, hexastyle temple, RPC I 2358
5) Augustus, Philippi, Macedonia, AE19, 4.03g, founder plowing right
6) Augustus, Julia Traducta, Spain, as, AE24, 9.44g
7) Augustus, Thracian Kingdom, AE22, 8.38g, jugate heads of Rhoemetalkes and Pythodoris right, RPC I 1712
8) Carteia, Hispania, AE21, 6.66g, turreted head of Fortuna right / Neptune standing left, RPC I 122
9) Pergamum, Mysia, AE17, 3.27g, Roma right / Senate right, RPC I 2374
10) Claudius, Anazarbus, Cilicia, AE35, 30.47g, Year 67 = 48/9 A.D., Athena standing left before altar, RPC I 4059
11) Claudius, AE22, 12.76g, Berytus, Phoenicia, two aquilae and two signa, RPC I 4547
12) Nero, billon tetradrachm, 9.99g, Alexandria mint, year 11 = 64/5 A.D., eagle standing left, palm behind
13) Time of Claudius to Nero, semis, AE15, 4.20g, RPC I 1651
LT96215. Mixed Lot, 13 Julio-Claudian provincial coins, Fair - aVF, c. 27 B.C. - 68 A.D.; the actual coins in the photograph, in Moneta Numismatic Services flips (non-archival) with their tags (information not verified by FORVM), tag prices total $575, 13 coins; $280.00 (266.00)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|
 
RS99187. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RIC I 207, RSC I 43, BMCRE I 533, BnF I 1651, Hunter I 217, SRCV I 1597 (official, silver denarius, Lugdunum mint, 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.), gVF, toned, core exposures, light scratches, weight 3.484 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial, counterfeiter's mint, c. 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars stand facing, togate, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on right a lituus left; ex CNG e-auction 500 (22 Sep 2021), 735 (part of); ex Mercury Group Collection; $220.00 (209.00)


Judaea, Marcus Ambibulus, Roman Prefect under Augustus, 9 - 12 A.D.

|Marcus| |Ambibulus|, |Judaea,| |Marcus| |Ambibulus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Augustus,| |9| |-| |12| |A.D.||prutah|
Date cultivation in Judea declined after the Roman period, especially during the Crusades, and completely collapsed due to climate change around the 14th century. The Judean Date Palm fell extinct. Excavations at Herod the Great's palace on Masada in 1963-1965 uncovered a cache of date palm seeds preserved in an ancient jar. Radiocarbon dating confirmed the seeds were from 155 B.C. to 64 A.D. In 2005, three of the seeds were planted. Eight weeks later one of the seeds sprouted. The palm, a male, named Methuselah, was grown from the oldest known successfully germinated tree seed. After that success, additional palms from were sprouted from the seeds found at Masada. A female, Hannah, was pollinated by Methuselah and the Judean Date Palm has been recovered.
JD99334. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6358; Meshorer TJC 313; RPC I 4955; Sofaer, pl. 219, 3; BMC Palestine p. 248, 9, F, highlighting earthen deposits, irregularly shaped flan, weight 1.891 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 9 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), head of barley curved right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L - ΛΘ (year 39) across field divided by trunk; from a private collector in New Jersey; $90.00 (85.50)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|
There is another fouree specimen on Coin Archives struck with the same dies. Blundered legends are unusual on fourree denarii.
RS95665. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RIC I 418 (R5), RSC I 384, BMCRR II Rome 4677, BMCRE I 132, BnF I 567 (official, solid silver, Rome mint, 12 B.C.), F, very little silver plate remaining, weight 2.547 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, unofficial mint, c. 12 - 14 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTO SAPRCA (sic, or similar, counterclosckwise), bare head right; reverse L CANINVS (sic) GALLVS III VIR (L. Caninius Gallus triumvir), cippus inscribed in four lines: CC / AVG / xXT / T; $70.00 (66.50)


Judaea, Marcus Ambibulus, Roman Prefect under Augustus, 9 - 12 A.D.

|Marcus| |Ambibulus|, |Judaea,| |Marcus| |Ambibulus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Augustus,| |9| |-| |12| |A.D.||prutah|
When the Romans invaded ancient Judea, thick forests of date palms up to 80 feet (24 m) high and 7 miles (11 km) wide covered the Jordan River valley from the Sea of Galilee in the north to the shores of the Dead Sea in the south. The tree so defined the local economy that Emperor Vespasian celebrated the conquest by minting the "Judaea Capta", a special bronze coin that showed the Jewish state as a weeping woman beneath a date palm. The Qur'an describes how Maryam (the Islamic parallel of Mary (mother of Jesus)) was advised to eat dates to ease her labor pains; presumably, this would have been a Judean date.
JD99333. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6359; Meshorer TJC 314; RPC I 4956; Sofaer, pl. 219, 6; BMC Palestine p. 249, 20, F, tight squared flan, green patina, earthen deposits, porous, reverse off center, edge crack, weight 2.154 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 9 - 10 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), barley head curved to right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L - M (year 40 of Augustus) divided across lower field; from a private collector in New Jersey; $70.00 (66.50)







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

AVGVSTVS
AVGVSTVSDIVIF
AVGVSTVSTRPOT
AVGVSTVSTRPOTVII
CAESARAVGPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT
CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES
CAESARAVGVSTPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT
CAESARAVGVSTVS
CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIF
CAESARAVGVSTVS DIVIFPATERPATRIAE
CAESARAVGVSTVSSPQR
CAESARAVGVSTVSTRIBVNICPOTEST
CAESARAVGVSTVSTRPOT
CAESARAVGTRIBVNPOTES
CAESARCOSVI
CAESARDIVIFCOSVI
CAESARIAVGVSTO
CAESARIMP
CAESARIMPVII
CAESARIIIVIRRPC
CAESARPONTMAX
CCAESARIIIVIRRPC
CCAESARIMP
CCAESARIIIVIRRPC
DIVOAVGVSTO
DIVOAVGVSTOSPQR
DIVOAVGVSTOSPQROBCIVESSER
DIVVSAVGVSTVS
DIVVSAVGVSTVSPATER
DIVVSAVGVSTVSSC
DIVIIVLIF
GALVSMESSALLAIIIVIR
IMPCAESAR
IMPCAESARAVGVST
IMPCAESARAVGVSTTRPOTIIX
IMPCAESARDIVIF
IMPCAESARDIVIFAVGVSTVSIMPXX
IMPCAESARDIVIFCOSVILIBERTATISPRVINDEX
IMP CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER
IMP CAESAR DIVI F VIR ITER R P C
IMP CAESARI
IMP CAESAR DIVI IVLI
IMP IX TR POV
LAMIASILIVSANNIVS
OB CIVIS SERVATOS
PBETILIENVSBASSVS
PVLCHERTAVRVSREGVLVS
SCOBRPCVMSALVTIMPCAESARAVGCONS
S P Q R IMP CAESARI
S P Q R IMP CAESARI AVG COS XI TR POT VI
S P Q R PARENT CONSSVO


REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J. Monnaies de l'Empire romain, I Auguste. Catalogue Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 1998).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Vol. One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C. The Cistophori of Augustus. (London, 1970).
Sutherland, C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Sutherland, C. & C. Kraay. Catalogue of Coins of the Roman Empire in the Ashmolean Museum, Part I: Augustus. (Oxford, 1975).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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