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Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the Roman empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. Augustus was succeeded by his stepson Tiberius after a long reign of 41 years. He was 77, having ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
|Bilbilis, the capital of the Celtiberian Lusones tribe, was refounded under Augustus and designated a municipium. The designation included many privileges under Roman law, including bestowing Roman citizenship on all its inhabitants. Bilbilis was the birthplace of famous poet Martial, c. 40 A.D. The city's heyday was the 1st century. It declined rapidly in the 2nd century A.D. and by the 3rd century it was half-deserted. The modern town of Calatayud was founded near this Roman site. Recent excavations have uncovered many of the impressive remains visible today which dominate the surrounding area and are testament to the city's rich past.|
|Sabratha is on the Mediterranean coast about 66 km west of Tripoli, Libya. It was a Tyrian or Carthaginian settlement, the farthest of the west of the three chief cities of Syrtica, with a prosperous harbor. It became a colony in the second century A.D., perhaps under Trajan. Septimius Severus was born nearby in Leptis Magna, and Sabratha reached its peak under the Severans. The city was badly damaged by earthquakes in the 4th century, particularly the quake of 365. Within a hundred years of the Arab conquest of the Maghreb, trade had shifted to other ports and Sabratha dwindled to a village.|