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Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at Rome for Use in Syria
The kithara (cithara) was an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the lyre. The lyre was a simpler folk-instrument with two strings and tortoise shell body. The kithara had seven strings and a flat back. The kithara is a symbol of Apollo and he is credited with inventing it. Its true origins were likely Asiatic.. The kithara was primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek, the word kithara has come to mean "guitar."SH19918. Orichalcum as, McAlee 546, RIC II 684 (S), BMCRE III 1354, Cohen II 442, Hunter II -, aEF, weight 7.811 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 1800o, Rome mint, 119 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse COS III, kithara (lyre), S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across the field; SOLD
Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.
Many of the Roman moneyers had a good sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Euterpe, the Muse of Lyric Poetry.SH82353. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 13, SRCV I 355, Sydenham 815, Crawford 410/5, VF, weight 3.833 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, crossed flutes behind; reverse MVSA on right, Q POMPONI on left, Euterpe, Muse of Lyric Poetry, standing right, holding two flutes (tibiae) and resting elbows on column; banker's mark on obverse; SOLD
Mytilene, Lesbos, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
Mytilene's most famous citizens were the poets Sappho and Alcaeus and the statesman Pittacus (one of the Seven Sages of ancient Greece). Aristotle lived on Mytilene for two years, 337-335 B.C., with his friend and successor, Theophrastus (a native of the island), after becoming the tutor to Alexander, son of King Philip II of Macedon. In 56 A.D., Paul the Apostle stopped at Mytilene on the return trip of his third missionary journey (Acts 20:14).GB83421. Bronze AE 15, BMC Troas p. 189, 55 - 57; SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 2.067 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 0o, Mytilene mint, obverse diademed and draped bust of Artemis right; reverse M-Y/T-I, lyre, tripod left, monogram right; SOLD