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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Italy & Sicily||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins of Italy and Sicily
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Panormos, Sicily

|Roman| |Italy| |&| |Sicily|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Panormos,| |Sicily||AE| |25|
Panormos was the ancient Greek name (meaning, 'All-haven') for present day Palermo. Palermo was, however, originally a Phoenician colony and numismatists identify the city before Greek rule with the Punic name Ziz. It seems the only evidence for this ancient name is the coinage and some scholars believe that Ziz may have been another city. In 254 B.C. Panormus was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained one of the principal cities of Sicily. It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under Augustus, Panormus received a Roman colony.
GI97541. Bronze AE 25, RPC I 640; Calciati I p. 334, 19; SNG Mnchen 820; McClean 2522; Gabrici 322 ff.; SNG ANS -; SNG Morcom -, aVF, nice green patina, marks, scattered porosity, weight 10.011 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 0o, Panormos (Palermo, Sicily, Italy) mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; obverse ΠANOP-MITAN (counterclockwise from upper left), bare head of Augustus left; reverse eagle slightly left, holding animal in talons, head turned back right, with open wings, tail right; first specimen of this type handled by FORVM, from a New England collector; scarce; SOLD


Sicily, c. 190 B.C.

|Roman| |Italy| |&| |Sicily|, |Sicily,| |c.| |190| |B.C.||tetras|
 
GB111732. Bronze tetras, apparently unpublished; cf. Calciati I p. 361, 182A (Panormos, no pellets on obv.); SNG ANS -, HGC 2 - , gF, brown patina, weight 6.016 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain Roman mint, c. 190 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus left, three pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse winged fulmen (thunderbolt), three pellets (mark of value) below; ex Aphrodite auction 6 (22-24 Oct 2022), lot 213; rare; SOLD


Paestum, Lucania, Italy, c. 218 - 201 B.C.

|Roman| |Italy| |&| |Sicily|, |Paestum,| |Lucania,| |Italy,| |c.| |218| |-| |201| |B.C.||sextans|
Paestum (originally Poseidonia) was founded near the end of the 7th century B.C. by Greek colonists from Sybaris. From the archaeological evidence it appears that Greeks and Oscans thrived alongside one another. Poseidonia became the Roman city of Paestum in 273 B.C. after the residents sided with Pyrrhus, the loser in a war against Rome. Paestum remained faithful to Rome against Hannibal and afterward was granted special favors, including minting coins. The city declined after the 4th century and was abandoned during the Middle Ages. Its ruins only came to notice again in the 18th century, after the rediscovery Pompeii and Herculaneum.

On 9 September 1943, the U.S. 36th Infantry Division landed at Paestum. Heavy fighting persisted within and around the town for nine days before the Germans withdrew.
GI93428. Bronze sextans, Crawford Paestum 19/3; SNG ANS 760; HN Italy 1211; BMC Italy p. 276, 27, VF, rough green patina, weight 2.405 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Paestum mint, Second Punic War, c. 218 - 201 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter (or Ceres) right, wreathed with grain, two pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse wild boar running right, QVA (VA ligate) over two pellets (mark of value) below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; SOLD


Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, c. 38 B.C., Julius Caesar Reverse

|Octavian|, |Octavian,| |Triumvir| |and| |Imperator,| |c.| |38| |B.C.,| |Julius| |Caesar| |Reverse||sestertius| |or| |dupondius|
In 38 B.C., Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus signed the Treaty of Tarentum extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.

On 17 January 38 B.C., Octavian married Livia while she was pregnant from her recently broken marriage. Octavian gained permission from the College of Pontiffs to wed her while she was still pregnant from another husband. Three months after the wedding she gave birth to her second son, Nero Claudius Drusus. The baby and his elder brother, the four-year-old Tiberius, lived in Octavian's household.

RR54917. Bronze sestertius or dupondius, SRCV I 1569, RPC I 620, Crawford 535/1, Sydenham 1335, BMCRR Gaul 106, aVF, scratches, weight 22.782 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 225o, Italian (Paestum?) mint, c. 38 B.C.; obverse CAESAR DIVI F, bare head of Octavian right; reverse DIVOS IVLIVS, wreathed head of Julius Caesar right; ex Heritage Numismatics, green patina; very scarce; SOLD


Roman Republic, Corn-Ear Cast Bronze Series, c. 216 B.C.

|before| |211| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Corn-Ear| |Cast| |Bronze| |Series,| |c.| |216| |B.C.||quadrans|
On 2 August 216 B.C., at the Battle of Cannae, Hannibal with a 40,000-man army defeated a Roman force of 70,000. Fortunately, the remnants of the Roman army at Canusium saved the city of Nola and southern Campania from occupation. Rome's apparent weakness, however, led many of Rome's Italian allies defect and other enemies to attack. Capua defected and Hannibal and the Carthaginian army wintered there. Gauls near Litana ambushed and almost completely wiped out a Roman force of 25,000. Philip V of Macedon seized this opportunity to invade Illyria and sent ambassadors to visit Hannibal in Italy. Unsure of how to deal with Hannibal's victories, Rome sent the historian Quintus Fabius Pictor to consult the Oracle in Delphi.
SH76976. Aes grave (cast) quadrans, Vecchi ICC 98; Russo RBW 110 (ex. rare); Thurlow-Vecchi 66b; Crawford 40/1a; HGC 2 1732 (R1); SRCV I 585; Sydenham -, VF, weight 34.575 g, maximum diameter 35.4 mm, Sicilian mint, c. 216 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules left, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress, three pellets below; reverse war galley prow left, barley ear above, three pellets below; very rare; SOLD


Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C., Janiform Head of Pompey the Great

|Pompeians|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Sextus| |Pompey,| |Imperator| |and| |Prefect| |of| |the| |Fleet,| |Executed| |35| |B.C.,| |Janiform| |Head| |of| |Pompey| |the| |Great||as|
The obverse inscription may read MGN (Syd. 1044), MAGN (Syd. 1044a), MAGNVS (Syd. 1044b), or MAGNV (Craw. 479/1, noted variant), all with MA ligate when the A is present.
SH26686. Leaded bronze as, Sydenham 1044 - 1044b, BMCRR II Spain 95 - 103, Crawford 479/1, Cohen Pompey the Great 16, Sear CRI 336, RPC I 671, SRCV I 1394, F, nice green patina, little wear but an uneven weak strike, weight 22.770 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Sicilian mint, c. 43 - 36 B.C.; obverse laureate janiform head with the features of Pompey the Great, [MAGN] (or similar) above; reverse prow of galley right, PIVS above, IMP below; SOLD


Katane, Sicily, c. 186 - 70 B.C.

|Katane|, |Katane,| |Sicily,| |c.| |186| |-| |70| |B.C.||AE| |21|
For rescuing their aged parents from an eruption of Mt. Etna, the Romans idolized the Katanean brothers as the embodiment of the Roman virtue pietas.
GI76343. Bronze AE 21, Calciati III p. 98, 10; SNG ANS 1285; SNG Cop 196; SNG Munchen 454; BMC Sicily p. 52, 72; HGC 2 626 (R2), VF/F, green patina, reverse weak, light scratches, porosity, weight 4.673 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Katane (Catania, Sicily, Italy) mint, Roman rule, c. 186 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath, ΛAΣIO (magistrate) above, monogram (ΩΣI?) behind; reverse KATANΩN, the Katanean brothers, Amphinomos and Anapias, carrying their aged parents, saving them from an eruption of Mt. Etna; very rare; SOLD


Luceria, Apulia, Italy c. 217 - 212 B.C.

|Italy|, |Luceria,| |Apulia,| |Italy| |c.| |217| |-| |212| |B.C.||teruncias|
In 321 B.C., the Roman army was deceived into thinking Luceria was under siege by the Samnites. Hurrying to relieve their allies the army walked into an ambush and were defeated at the famous Battle of the Caudine Forks. The Samnites occupied Luceria but were thrown out after a revolt. The city sought Roman protection and in 320 B.C. was granted the status of Colonia Togata, which meant it was ruled by the Roman Senate. In order to strengthen the ties between the two cities, 2,500 Romans moved to Luceria. From then on, Luceria was known as a steadfast supporter of Rome.
SH92202. Aes grave (cast) teruncias, Thurlow-Vecchi 283; Sydenham Aes Grave 140; Haeberlin pl. 71, 21; HN Italy 677c; Vecchi ICC 347; SNG Cop 652, F, dark green patina, minor roughness, weight 28.866 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, Luceria mint, c. 217 - 212 B.C.; obverse star of eight rays around a central pellet, all on a convex disk; reverse dolphin right, three pellets (mark of value) above, L below, all on a convex disk; ex CNG e-auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 51; ex CNG auction XXIV (9 Dec 1992), lot 120; ex Fred V. Fowler Collection; ex Stack's auction (1969), lot 288; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P.P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and suppl.).
Calciati, R. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum. The Bronze Coinage. (Milan, 1983 - 1987).
Coleiro, E. "Maltese Coins of the Roman Period" in NC 1971.
Crawford, M. "Paestum and Rome: The form and function of a subsidiary coinage" in La monetazione di bronzo do Poseidonia-Paestum. Annali 18-19 Supp. (Naples, 1971).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Sicily. (London, 1876).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Sear, D.R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 1: Italy - Sicily. (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (Berlin, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: SpainKingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grce 1, Collection Rna H. Evelpidis, Part 1: Italie. Sicile - Thrace. (Athens, 1970). (Italy, Sicily - Thrace).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 3: Bruttium - Sicily 1 (Abacaenum-Eryx). (New York, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 4: Sicily 2 (Galaria - Styella). (New York, 1977).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 5: Sicily 3 (Syracuse - Siceliotes). (New York, 1988).

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