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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Imperators| ▸ |Julius Caesar||View Options:  |  |  | 

Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.

Gaius Julius Caesar is one of the most famous men in history. At the end of his brilliant military and political career, he had gained control of the Roman state. His puppet senate heaped more and more honors upon him. In February 44 B.C. the senate named him dictator for life. Many senators, however, feared that he wished to become king, ending the Republic. On the 15th of March 44 B.C., 63 senators attacked him with knives they had hidden in the folds of their togas. This most famous of assassinations plunged the Roman Republic into 17 years of civil war, after which it would re-emerge as the Roman Empire.

Lampsacus (as Colonia Gemella Iulia Lampsacus), Mysia, c. 45 - 35 B.C.

|Lampsakos|, |Lampsacus| |(as| |Colonia| |Gemella| |Iulia| |Lampsacus),| |Mysia,| |c.| |45| |-| |35| |B.C.||as|
M. Grant (Grant FITA, p. 246) first and convincingly attributed this type to Lampsacus. P. Brunt (Italian Manpower, p. 600) argues convincingly that the colony at Lampsakos was founded by Julius Caesar about 45 B.C. (a twin colony to another at Parium) and disappeared after its occupation by Sextus Pompey in 35 B.C. The reverse legend identifies Q. Lucretius and L. Pontius as the colony's first duoviri. This type was likely struck at the time the colony was founded or very soon after.
RP96982. Bronze as, RPC Online I 2273 (7 spec.); Grant FITA p. 246, 5; Robinson NC 1921 p. 7, 6 (Parion); Imhoof MG p. 252, 126 (Parion), VF, green patina, earthen encrustation, inscriptions not fully struck, weight 3.550 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, dictatorship of Julius Caesar, c. 45 - 44 B.C.; obverse C G I L (Colonia Gemella Julia Lampsakos), bearded head of Janus, C G I L (Colonia Gemella Julia Lampsakos) divided across field, countermark: monogram; reverse Q LVCRET L PONTI-O IIVIR COL DED PR (Q. Lucretius [and] L. Pontius, duoviri colonia deducta primis), prow of war galley right; Coin Archives records only four sales of this type (two with this countermark) in the last two decades; very rare; $500.00 (€410.00)
 


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, C. Antius C. f. Restio, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |C.| |Antius| |C.| |f.| |Restio,| |47| |B.C.||denarius|
Issued during Caesar's dictatorship. The Herakles reverse relates to the supposed descent of the Antia gens from Antiades, son of Hercules and Aglaia. The trophy is not one of Hercules normal attributes and may refer to Caesar's military exploits. Antius Restio was proscribed by the triumval government in 43 B.C. and fled to Sicily and the protection of Sextus Pompey.
SH54899. Silver denarius, Crawford 455/2a, RSC I Antia 2, Sydenham 971, Sear CRI 35, BMCRE Rome 4032, Russo RBW 1594, SRCV I 435, EF, toned, reverse off center, weight 3.965 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 47 B.C.; obverse DEI PENATES, jugate heads of Dei Penates right; reverse C·ANTIVS·C·F, Hercules walking left, nude, raising club in right, trophy in left, Nemean lion skin over left arm; ex Tom Cederlind; scarce; SOLD


Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, c. 38 B.C., Julius Caesar Reverse

|Octavian|, |Octavian,| |Triumvir| |and| |Imperator,| |c.| |38| |B.C.,| |Julius| |Caesar| |Reverse||sestertius| |or| |dupondius|
In 38 B.C., Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus signed the Treaty of Tarentum extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.

On 17 January 38 B.C., Octavian married Livia while she was pregnant from her recently broken marriage. Octavian gained permission from the College of Pontiffs to wed her while she was still pregnant from another husband. Three months after the wedding she gave birth to her second son, Nero Claudius Drusus. The baby and his elder brother, the four-year-old Tiberius, lived in Octavian's household.

RR54917. Bronze sestertius or dupondius, SRCV I 1569, RPC I 620, Crawford 535/1, Sydenham 1335, BMCRR Gaul 106, aVF, scratches, weight 22.782 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 225o, Italian (Paestum?) mint, c. 38 B.C.; obverse CAESAR DIVI F, bare head of Octavian right; reverse DIVOS IVLIVS, wreathed head of Julius Caesar right; ex Heritage Numismatics, green patina; very scarce; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Aemilius Buca, January 44 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Aemilius| |Buca,| |January| |44| |B.C.||denarius|
"Sulla's Dream." The reverse of this rare type refers to the famous dream Sulla (an ancestor of the moneyer) experienced in 88 B.C. Sulla dreamed Luna came to him and put a thunder-bolt in his hand, and naming his enemies one by one, bade him smite them with it; and they were all smitten, and fell, and vanished away. Encouraged by the vision, at break of day he marched his legions towards Rome to attack Marius.
SH57752. Silver denarius, Crawford 480/1, Sydenham 1064, RSC I Aemilia 12, BMCRR 4160, Sear CRI 164, SRCV I 476, F, rough, weight 3.699 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, obverse L BVCA, diademed head of Venus right; reverse Sulla reclining against rocks; Luna on right descending from mountain holding a torch; Victory standing facing behind, wings spread, palm frond in raised right; very rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CAESARDICTINPERPETVO
CAESARDICTPERPETVO
CAESARDICTQVART
CAESARIMP
CAESARIMPER
CAESDICQVAR
CCAESARCOSTER
CCAESDICTER


REFERENCES|

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Carson, R. Principal Coins of the Romans, Vol. I: The Republic, c. 290-31 BC. (London, 1978).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 18, 2022.
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