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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Siscia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Siscia, Pannonia (Sisak, Croatia)

Siscia, now Sisak, Croatia, was one of the most important places in Roman Pannonia. It was at confluence of two navigable rivers, the Colapis and Savus, which carried considerable commerce. Siscia was captured by Tiberius, in the reign of Augustus. Tiberius did much to enlarge and embellish the town, including digging a canal to form an island, enhancing the fortifications. It became the central point from which Augustus and Tiberius campaigned against the Pannonians and Illyrians. Pliny mentions Siscia was made a colonia at that time. In the time of Septimius Severus it received fresh colonists, after which it was called Col. Septimia Siscia. When Diocletian split Pannonia into four provinces, Siscia became the capital of Pannonia Savia. It contained the mint and treasury, and was the station of the small fleet kept on the Savus. Siscia maintained its importance until Sirmium began to rise: as Sirmium rose, Siscia declined. The mint master at Siscia was called the procurator monetae Siscianae. Mint dates of operation: c. 262 - 283. Mintmarks: S, SIS, SISC, SISCPS.

Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.||follis|
On 30 April 313, Licinius defeated his rival Maximinus II at the Battle of Tzirallum and became emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire. Maximinus fled to Nicomedia and committed suicide.
RT110135. Billon follis, RIC VII Siscia 17 (R1), SRCV IV 15212, Cohen VII 66, Hunter V 73 var. (2nd officina), Choice EF, excellent centering on a broad flan, dark chocolate patina, weight 3.943 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 315 - 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, E right, SIS in exergue; scarce; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In 276, Florianus was assassinated near Tarsus by his own troops after only weeks of ruling. Probus, age 44, was proclaimed the new Emperor of Rome. This type was among his first issues. Alfldi believed the bust on this type resembled Florian.
RL98386. Billon antoninianus, Alfldi Siscia V type 26, 20; RIC V-2 651C; Cohen VI 137; Hunter IV 280 var. (1st officina); SRCV III -, Choice VF, some silvering, well centered, attractive portrait, light deposits, weight 3.748 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 2nd half 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Probus (on left) and Concordia standing confronted, clasping hands, ∆ in center, XXI in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

|Galerius|, |Galerius,| |1| |March| |305| |-| |5| |May| |311| |A.D.||follis| |(large)|
These legends and types were struck in two issues RIC VI 198a, c. 309 - 310, and RIC 207a, c. 310 - 5 May 311. The earlier issue was struck with only officiae A, B and Γ, therefore, without even considering other variations we can be certain this coin is from the second issue.
RT99299. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Siscia p. 480, 207a; SRCV IV 14505; Hunter V p. 62, 7 var. (2nd officina); Cohen VI 133 (Maximian), gVF, amusing style and sharp detail on the reverse, slight porosity, reverse slightly off center, weight 7.444 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, c. 310 - 5 May 311 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor), Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, crescent with horns upward lower left, ∆ right, SIS in exergue; from a private collector in New Jersey; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||argenteus|
The Sisak Hoard of more than 2000 silver argentei, most of them mint-state, plus silver vessels, was found in 1953 near Siscia (Croatia). Still today, nearly all the high grade early argentei of the early tetrarchy on the market came from this hoard. The deposition of the hoard can be placed in the year 295/296.
SH53585. Silver argenteus, Sisak Hoard 2, RIC VI 32b, RSC V 625f, Superb EF, weight 3.092 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 294 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS MILITVM (courage of the soldiers), the four princes sacrificing over tripod before the gate of an eight-turreted enclosure; ex H. S. Perlin Co., 1988; small flan crack, fabulous rainbow iridescent toning, near perfect centering, from the 1953 Sisak hoard; SOLD


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

|Constans|, |Constans,| |9| |September| |337| |-| |19| |January| |350| |A.D.||solidus|
"OB" means "on account of," is an abbreviation for obryzum (refined or pure gold), and is the Greek numeral 72. Thus the reverse legend may read, "on account of our celebration of our triumph" or, using the multiple meanings, "1/72 pound pure gold for the celebration of our triumph." The Romans were amused by double entendres and puns. The double meanings were almost certainly a clever intention.
SH43072. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Siscia 115, Cohen -, VF, weight 4.431 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 342 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONS-TANS P F AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse OB VICTORIAM TRIVMPHALEM, two Victories standing facing center, holding between them a wreath inscribed VOT X MVL XX, SIS* in exergue; well centered; rare (R2); SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

|Julian| |II|, |Julian| |II| |"the| |Apostate,"| |February| |360| |-| |26| |June| |363| |A.D.||double| |maiorina|
On March 5, 363 Julian departed Antioch with an army of 90,000, marching against the Sassanid Empire. On 29 May Julian arrived under the walls of the Sassanid capital and defeated the army of Shapur II at the Battle of Ctesiphon, but he was unable to put the city under siege. On June 16, Julian began a retreat from the Sassanid Empire. The Sassanids attacked the retreating Romans and on 26 June Julian was killed in battle. The general Jovian was proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.
SH58901. Billon double maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 412 (R), LRBC II 1259, SRCV V 19150, Cohen VIII 38, Choice gVF, nice glossy black patina, excellent centering, weight 8.974 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVB (security of the Republic), bull standing right, two stars above, BSIS flanked by palm fronds in exergue; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; rare; SOLD


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.||centenionalis|
The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
SH32336. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 56 (R4), EF, weight 2.466 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm with horseman right riding down enemy; reverse VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding in both hands between them a shield inscribed VOT / P R, altar below shield, BSIS in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

|Tacitus|, |Tacitus,| |25| |September| |275| |-| |June| |276| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Laetitia is the Roman goddess of gaiety and joy, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy. She is typically depicted on coinage with a wreath in her right hand, and a scepter, a rudder, or an anchor in her left hand.
RA73181. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 3630, BnF XII 1736 - 1739, Venra 2337 - 2354, Mazzini 49, Cohen VI 49, RIC V-1 -, Choice gVF, weight 3.568 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, Nov - Dec 275 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CLA TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (the joy of the Emperor), Laetitia standing left, wreath in right hand, rudder in left hand, VI in exergue; SOLD


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.||centenionalis|
On 7 March 321, Constantine I proclaimed the dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture allowed. Jews continued to observe the Sabbath on Saturday, and Constantine himself, despite his acceptance of Christianity, continued to worship the sun god, Sol.
RL65533. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 59 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Siscia 181, SRCV IV 16773, Cohen VII 44, Choice EF, full silver, weight 3.186 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, ASIS and sunrise in exergue; ex Killingholme Hoard; SOLD


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

|Constans|, |Constans,| |9| |September| |337| |-| |19| |January| |350| |A.D.||reduced| |centenionalis|
The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL04623. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 88, LRBC I 781, SRCV V 18546, Cohen VII 65, gem uncirculated, weight 1.78 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard), heads confronted, each holds spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on shield, BSIS exergue; from the Aiello Collection; SOLD







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