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The Perrhaiboi, Thessaly, Greece, c. Late 2nd - Early 1st Century B.C.
The Perrhaiboi were a Pelasgian (indigenous non-Greek) tribal people who lived in Perrhaibia, north of Thessaly proper and bordering Macedonia. Their capital was Phalanna, and their most significant town was Olosson. In the Iliad, Homer wrote of "the valiant Perrhaiboi, who dwelt about wintry Dodona, and held the lands round the lovely river Titaresios, which sends its waters into the Peneus." The Perrhaiboi fought in the Battle of Thermopylae. Through most of their history they were overshadowed and controlled by Thessaly, although they had two votes at the Delphic Amphictyony. Philip II of Macedon took their kingdom and it remained under Macedonian control until the Roman conquest in 196 B.C.GB76999. Bronze trichalkon, BCD Thessaly I 1247 (same dies); BCD Thessaly II 561; Rogers 440, fig. 239; SNG Cop 197, HGC 4 157, aVF, well centered, some corrosion, weight 6.372 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Olosson or Phalanna mint, c. late 2nd - early 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right, wearing oak wreath; reverse ΠEPPAI/BΩN (in two lines, starting upward from lower left, ending downward on right), Hera seated right on backless throne, long scepter vertical behind in right hand, resting left hand on knee, no magistrate name or initials; $105.00 (€92.40)
Kierion, Thessaly, Greece, c. 400 - 344 B.C.
Kierion was originally named Arne for the Nymph on the reverse of this coin. Most references, including BCD, identify the male god on the obverse as Zeus. SNG Cop says Poseidon. Since, according to one myth, Arne became pregnant by Poseidon and bore the twins Aiolos and Boiotos, we think Poseidon is more likely.
This coin has potentially active corrosion. We have had the coin for over a year and it has remained stable and unchanged. It must, however, be stored in a humidity controlled environment.GB79733. Bronze chalkous, cf. BCD Thessaly II 107.4; Rogers 173a; SNG Cop 35; BMC Thessaly p. 15, 1; SNG Evelpidis 1516; HGC 4 679 (S), VF, well centered, dark patina, corrosion, weight 2.494 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 315o, Kierion mint, c. 400 - 344 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Zeus right, fillet binding his hair; reverse KIEPIEIΩN, the nymph Arne kneeling right on right knee, looking left, her torso bare, leaning on right hand on the ground, tossing astragaloi with left; scarce; $90.00 (€79.20)
Thessalian League, Greece, Mid - Late 1st Century B.C.
The Thessalian League was a loose confederacy of city-states and tribes in the Thessalian valley in N. Greece. Philip II of Macedon took control of Thessaly in 344 B.C and it remained under Macedonia until the Roman victory in 197 B.C. The league was reestablished in 196 B.C. but had little autonomy after Thessaly became part of the province of Macedonia in 146 B.C.GB71024. Bronze dichalkon (or obol), BCD Thessaly II 907.2, SNG Cop 331, Rogers 59, Burrer p. 62, BMC Thessaly -, VF, weight 7.412 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Larissa(?) mint, Philokrates, Italos, and Petraios, magistrates; obverse ΦIΛOKPA−TOYΣ (magistrate), head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet and aegis; reverse ΘEΣΣA−ΛΩN, Athena Itonia standing left, Nike standing left offering wreath in her extended right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield behind, spear standing behind, ITA−ΛOY (magistrate) across upper field, ΠETPAIOΣ exergue; $70.00 (€61.60)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Koinon of Thessaly
After the end of Second Macedonian War, at the ceremony of the Isthmian Games in 196 B.C., Flamininus, stated a decree: "The Senate of Rome and Titus Quinctius the pro-consul, having overcome King Philip and the Macedonians, leave the following peoples free, without garrisons and subject to no tribute and governed by their countries' laws - the Corinthians, Phocians, Locrians, Euboeans, Phthiotic Achaeans, Magnesians, Thessalians, and Perrhaibians." Rome established Thessaly as a koinon, a federal league. For 50 years, the Thessalian League restored stable local government in a region that had suffered more than 150 years of chaos and turmoil. After 146 B.C., the league lost much of its autonomy and authority when Thessaly became part of the province of Macedonia.RP89867. Leaded bronze diassarion, Burrer E1a, 11 (A1/R11); BCD Thessaly II 914.1, RPC I 1425, SNG München 25b, SNG Evelpidis 1670, McClean 4994, F, right side of obverse legend unstruck or off flan, weight 8.303 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, c. 23 - 22 B.C.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛΩN ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right; reverse ΣΩΣAN∆PO ΣΩΣAN∆POY (Sosandros, son of Sosandros [strategos]), Athena Itonia standing left, Nike presenting wreath in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield and spear at side behind on right, monograms left and right; scarce; $60.00 (€52.80)
Dyrrhachion, Illyria, Greece, Roman Protectorate, 229 - 30 B.C.
After the decisive defeat of the Illyrians to Rome in 229 B.C., the new Roman rulers renamed the city. The original name, Epidamnos, was similar to the Latin word damnum, meaning "loss" or "harm." Dyrrhachion is Greek for "bad spine" or "difficult ridge," probably referring to imposing cliffs near the city. This type circulated alongside, and presumably at parity with, Roman Republican denarii. MA93693. Silver drachm, cf. Ceka 320; BMC Thessaly p. 69, 62, weight 2.316 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, Dyrrhachium (Durrës, Albania) mint, 229 - 30 B.C.; obverse cow right, head turned back toward suckling calf left, MENIΣKOΣ above; reverse ∆YP − ∆IO−NY−ΣIOY, around, double stellate pattern within double linear square; $21.00 (€18.48)
Dyrrhachion, Illyria, Greece, Roman Protectorate, c. 229 - 30 B.C.
This type circulated alongside, and presumably at parity with, Roman Republican denarii. BMC calls the figure on the right side of the obverse a statue. Ceka identifies it as a female. The figure can be identified as Harpokrates by the a hem-hem crown and right index finger up to the lips. MA93694. Silver drachm, Ceka 325 corr., BMC Thessaly p. 71, 94, weight 2.349 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, Dyrrhachium (Durrës, Albania) mint, obverse MENIΣKOΣ, cow right, head turned back toward suckling calf left; on right: Harpokrates standing facing wearing hemhem crown, finger to lips; reverse ∆YP − ΛY−KIΣ−KOY, double stellate pattern within double linear square with sides curved inward; $.99 (€.87)
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