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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ LibertyView Options:  |  |  | 

Liberty (Liberitas)

Pontos (Uncertain City), c. 119 - 100 B.C.

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This is apparently a recently discovered new type. All the known examples might be from a single find. The stars depicted are almost certainly the comets described in Justin's epitome of the Historiae Philippicae of the Augustan historian Pompeius Trogus (Justin 37.2.1-2): "The future greatness of this man [Mithridates Eupator] had been foretold by heavenly portents. For both in the year in which he was born [134/133 B.C.] and in the year in which he first began to rule [120/119 B.C.], a comet gleamed so brightly for 70 days throughout each period that the whole sky seemed to be on fire. In its extent, each of these comets filled one quarter of the sky and surpassed the sun in brilliance. They took four hours to rise and four hours to set."
SH71047. Bronze AE 14, Unpublished in standard refs, six specimens known to Forum, F, cleaning scratches, weight 2.121 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, uncertain Pontic mint, c. 119 - 100 B.C.; obverse comet star of six rays and center pellet superimposed on pileus; reverse comet star of eight rays and central pellet; extremely rare; $125.00 (106.25)


Pontos (Uncertain City), c. 119 - 100 B.C.

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This is apparently a recently discovered new type. All the known examples might be from a single find. The stars depicted are almost certainly the comets described in Justin's epitome of the Historiae Philippicae of the Augustan historian Pompeius Trogus (Justin 37.2.1-2): "The future greatness of this man [Mithridates Eupator] had been foretold by heavenly portents. For both in the year in which he was born [134/133 B.C.] and in the year in which he first began to rule [120/119 B.C.], a comet gleamed so brightly for 70 days throughout each period that the whole sky seemed to be on fire. In its extent, each of these comets filled one quarter of the sky and surpassed the sun in brilliance. They took four hours to rise and four hours to set."
SH90651. Bronze AE 13, Unpublished in standard references, six examples known to Forum, VF, green patina, earthen encrustation, light scratches, reverse off-center, weight 2.431 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontic mint, c. 119 - 100 B.C.; obverse comet star of six rays and center pellet superimposed on pileus; reverse comet star of eight rays and central pellet; extremely rare; $100.00 (85.00)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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Libertas (Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The pileus liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and Asia Minor. In late Republican Rome, the pileus was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Brutus and his co-conspirators used the pileus to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The pileus was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.
RB87466. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC III MA1591; Szaivert MIR 427-18/50; Cohen III 333; Hunter II 37; BMCRE IV MA1690; SRCV II -, VF, dark patina, rough, weight 14.385 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 177 - Dec 178 A.D.; obverse L AVREL COMMODVS AVG TR P III, radiate head right; reverse LIBERTAS AVG IMP II COS P P, Libertas standing slightly left, head left, pileus in right hand, rod in right hand, S C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; $100.00 (85.00)


Roman Republic, Marcus Porcius Laeca, 125 B.C.

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This moneyer was a descendant of P. Porcius Laeca, praetor in 195 B.C., who proposed and carried the Lex Porcia de Provocatione. This granted Roman citizens residing outside the city the right to appeal rulings of military magistrates.
RR88368. Silver denarius, Crawford 270/1, Sydenham 513, RSC I Porcia 3, BMCRE I Rome 1024, RBW Collection 1088, SRCV I 146, F, tight flan, marks and scratches, weight 3.756 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 125 B.C.; obverse head of Roma left in winged helmet, crest with griffin head, peaked visor in three pieces, wearing plain single drop earring and necklace, hair in three locks, X (mark of value) below chin, LAECA downward behind; reverse Libertas driving fast quadriga right, pileus in right hand, rod and reins in left hand, Victory flying left above crowning her with wreath, MPORC below horses, ROMA in exergue; $90.00 (76.50)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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A rare and very unusual coin with the image of Liberty but the legend for Liberalitas. Apparently the mint officials in Antioch didn't know the difference between these two Roman personifications.
RS87920. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 187a (R), RSC IV 126, SRCV III 8618, Hunter III -, F, well centered and struck on a broad flan, grainy/porous surfaces, scrape in reverse center, some dark spots, weight 4.713 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 238 - 239 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG (the generosity of the Emperor), Libertas standing slightly left, head left, pileus (freedom cap) in right hand, long transverse rod in left hand; ex Beast Coins; rare; $75.00 (63.75)







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Catalog current as of Saturday, February 16, 2019.
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Liberty