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Duchy of Savoy, Italy, Carlo Emanuele I, 1580 - 1630
The House of Savoy (Italian: Casa Savoia) is a royal dynasty that was established in 1003 in the Savoy region. The family grew in power from ruling a small Alpine county north-west of Italy to absolute rule of the Kingdom of Sicily from 1713 to 1720, when they were handed the island of Sardinia, over which they would exercise direct rule from then onward. The House of Savoy led the unification of Italy in 1860 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy until 1946; they also briefly ruled the Kingdom of Spain in the 19th century. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III, and Umberto II. The last monarch reigned for a few weeks before being deposed following the institutional referendum of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.ME98096. Silver testone, CNI I p. 254, 65; Biaggi Piemontesi 536e (R6) Cudazzo 632b; Simonetti 50/7, aF, toned, tight flan, scratches, porosity, weight 7.626 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 270o, Turin mint, 1583; obverse CAR • EM • D • G • DVX • SAB • P • PED (Carlos Emanuele Dei Gratia Dux Sabaudie et Princeps Piedmont), young bust, draped, cuirassed, with ruffled collar right; reverse AVXILIVM • MEVM • A DOMINO (The Lord is my helper), crowned shield arms of Savoy, 15T83 in exergue; only three sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades - one specimen sold for over $21,434 plus fees; very rare; $3000.00 SALE PRICE $2700.00
Islamic, Ottoman Empire, Mustafa IV, 29 May 1807 - 28 July 1808
Mustafa ascended to the throne after his cousin Selim was deposed for introducing the manners of the infidels and intending to suppress the Janissaries. Selim swore fealty to his cousin as the new sultan, and attempted to commit suicide. Mustafa spared his life by smashing the cup of poison that his cousin attempted to drink. A year later, however, facing rebellion, to secure his position as the only possible ruler, Mustafa ordered both Selim and his younger brother Mahmud murdered. Selim's was killed but Mahmud hid in the furnace of a bath and survived. Mustafa was deposed by the rebels and his brother ascended to the throne. Three months later, Mustafa was killed on Mahmud's orders.IS97943. Billon Kurush (Piastre), Jem Sultan 2666, Artuk 1929, Nuri Pere 733, SCWC KM 539 (notes 0.465 silver), VF, brassy tone with darker fields, centers a little weak, weight 12.126 g, maximum diameter 33.2 mm, die axis 0o, Qustantiniyah (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, regnal year 1, AH 1222; obverse Tugra, curve based: Mustafa, Lord, son of Abdul Hamid, the Ever Victorious; Arabic inscription below: struck in Constantinople / 1222; reverse Arabic inscription: Sultan of the two lands, and Lord of the two seas, the Sultan son of the sultan, 1 (regnal year) 3rd line on left; very rare; $640.00 SALE PRICE $576.00
Islamic, Ottoman Empire, Tripolitania, Mahmud II, 1808 - 1839
Tripoli fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1551 and remained in their hands until it was occupied by the Italians in 1911. Under Ottoman rule, Barbary pirates from North Africa demanded tribute, and if refused, captured ships and cargo, enslaved and ransomed crew members, and even raided cities across the Mediterranean Sea. In the first Barbary War, Thomas Jefferson sent a US Naval fleet which bombarded numerous fortified cities in present-day Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria, ultimately extracting concessions of safe conduct from the Barbary states. Encouraged by Great Britain, piracy resumed during the War of 1812. In 1815, James Madison dispatched military forces against the Barbary states. Lasting only 3 days, the Second Barbary War ended further tributes by the US and significantly reduced piracy in the region. This coin was struck under the local Pasha Yusuf Pasha Qaramanli (ruled Tripolitania, 1796 - 1833).IS97944. Billon 20 para, SCWC Libya KM168 (type B, with flower, without stars), Jem Sultan -, aMS, near full silvering, some weakness in center, weight 5.133 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tarabulus Gharb (Tripoli, Libya) mint, third standard, 1822 A.D.; obverse Arabic tungra, straight based: Mahmud, Lord, son of Abdul Hamid, the Ever Victorious; flower upper right; Arabic inscription in three lines below: struck in / Tripoli of the West / 1223 (accession year), boarder of beads outside of a linear circle; reverse Arabic inscription in four lines: Sultan of the two lands and Lord of the two seas, the Sultan son of the sultan, 15 (regnal year) in the 3rd line on left; boarder of beads outside of a linear circle; very rare; $340.00 SALE PRICE $306.00
Second Bulgarian Empire, Vidin Kingdom, Ivan Stratsimir, 1356 - 1397 A.D.
Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Stratsimir received Vidin. In 1365, the Hungarian King Louis I of Anjou captured Vidin. Sratsimir and his family were held captive in Croatia for four years but in 1369 Sratsimir was restored to his throne under Hungarian overlordship. After the Ottoman invasion in 1388, he was forced to acknowledge Ottoman overlordship and garrisons. In 1396 Sratsimir and his subjects aligned themselves with the anti-Ottoman Crusade led by the Hungarian king Sigismund of Luxemburg. The crusade ended in disaster at the battle of Nikopol on 25 Sep 1396. By the end of 1397 Sultan Bayezid I approached Vidin and, assured by the promise of his safety, Ivan Stratsimir came out to meet him. On the order of Bayezid I, Ivan Stratsimir was arrested and conveyed to Bursa, while the Sultan confiscated the contents of the Vidin treasury. Sratsimir's fate is unknown. Vidin was likely annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1397, but at least part of the realm remained under the control of Sratsimir's son and heir Constantine II.
This type is described as a half grosch in older references. ME47140. Silver grosch, reduced weight; Radushev-Zhekov 1.14.4; Moushmov 7542, c. 0.50g, c. 16mm diameter, Vidin mint, 1371 - 1376 A.D.; obverse nimbate half length figure of Christ, right hand raised in benediction, book of gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Iισους Xριστος - Jesus Christ) flanking Christ's head, legend around; reverse Stratsimir enthroned facing, nimbate, scepter in right, mappa in left, lis left and right, rosette between legs, legend around; VF, typical crude examples with uneven strikes and wavy flans; Forum's random selection from the same group as the coins in the photograph; one coin; rare; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50
Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268
From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. See Malloy Crusaders p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.
Old tag notes, "The Hague, Holland Viken Havandjian, Jan. 22, 1976, $65.00"
Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.
Antioch existed for over 1500 years, it was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."
FORVM has three examples of this type (one a variant without the T) from the Malloy Collection. No other examples are known and the type is otherwise unknown to modern numismatics. Historically of great importance, these coins were minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.
SH32267. Bronze pougeoise, unpublished and historically important, the finest of three known to exist, Malloy Crusaders -, Metcalf Crusades -, aVF, octagonal shaped flan, weight 0.646 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 225o, obverse hexagram, ANT (Antioch) monogram in center (T is small and above H); reverse hexagram, ΠP monogram in center (uncertain meaning, perhaps the moneyers name or the ruling Crusaders at this time but interestingly in Greek not Latin); of great rarity; SOLD
India, Tribal Issue, Sarabhapuriyas of Mahakosala (Chhattisgarh), Prasannamatra, c. 525 - 550 A.D.
Bracteates (a type of coin, not a denomination) were also minted in medieval Europe. They were made with very thin metal and were apparently made using a single die with the flan placed on a leather covered block, thus giving an intaglio reverse.SH12098. Gold bracteate 12 rattis, Mitchiner ATEC 5207; cf. Baldwin auction 37 (4 May 2004), lot 1344; Mitchiner NI -, VF, weight 1.222 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, obverse uniface coin with Garuda bird flanked by discus and conch, Brahmi legend and jar below; extremely rare; SOLD
Byzantine Empire, Leo III and Constantine V, 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D., Senate of the City of Rome
The most current references identify these squared types as struck by the Senate of the City of Rome during the final stage of Byzantine rule, from the reign of Justinian II to Constantine V, c. 690 - 720. Portraits vary and are attributed to specific emperors during this period. Grierson specifically identifies this portrait as the young Constantine V, at the beginning of his joint rule with his father Leo III, c. 720 A.D. Grierson has commented, in view of the specimens found in the Byzantine-Papal hoard, that the low weight combined with a relatively high value suggests that the they may have been intended as a billon rather than a copper coinage. Murari confirmed this, noting traces of silver exist on many of the three-quarter folles he handled. Still this theory is very uncertain.BZ98048. Billon 30 nummi, Murari 25a; DOC III p. 278 & pl. VI, 93 (not in the collection refs CNI); CNI XV, p. 60, 13; MIB III 31; SBCV 1534D; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, gVF, a little rough, struck on a square flan and globus cruciger not visible as typical for this type, weight 0.469 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 720 A.D.; obverse facing beardless bust of very young Constantine V, wearing chlamys and crown decorated with a rows of pellets and cross; reverse XXX, ROm in exergue; very rare; SOLD
Crusaders, County of Edessa, Baldwin II, 1100 - 1118
Baldwin II was count of Edessa, 1100 - 1118, and king of Jerusalem, 1118 - 1131. He fought in the first crusade, including the capture of Bethlehem and Jerusalem. He was an incessant warrior under whom Latin domination in the East reached its greatest expanse, the crusaders controlled and took tolls on the most important trade routes, and the power of Crusaders reached its utmost height. ME65324. Bronze follis, Slocum Collection, lot 170 (part of); cf. Malloy Crusaders 1b (Baldwin I, heavy series, letters in angles); Metcalf Crusades -, VF, nice desert patina, overstruck on polygonal clipped follis, weight 4.489 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, County of Edessa mint, c. 1110 - 1118; obverse IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ), nimbate bust of Christ facing, holding book of Gospels; reverse thin cross, wedge in each angle, BΛ∆N around with one letter at the end of each arm of the cross (a cruciform monogram); "The John Slocum Collection of Coins of the Crusades" Sotheby's Catalogue 1997 - part of lot 170; unique(?); SOLD
Non-Imperial Coinages in Africa, "Domino Nostro," c. 5th Century A.D.
This type has been attributed to the time of Johannes and Boniface in Carthage 423 - 425 A.D., but strong evidence is lacking. We may more safely assume the series is later and copying official issues. The star is probably a crude Christogram or degenerated cross.ME26375. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC X 3815 (R3), LRBC II -, F, weight 0.511 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, obverse DOMINIS NOSTRIS, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse star in wreath; very rare; SOLD