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Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under Antipater, one of the regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Olympias had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.GS98125. Silver tetradrachm, Price 109, Müller Alexander 650, Troxell issue G2, SNG Delepierre 984, SNG Munchen 272, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Cop -, VF, well centered and struck, iridescent blue toning, bumps, two test cuts, flattened on reverse opposite of chisel cuts, weight 17.18 g, maximum diameter 26.29 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonia, Amphipolis mint, struck under Antipater, c. 322 - 320 A.D.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, Athena Promachos (control symbol) lower left; $300.00 (€246.00)
Eion, Macedon, c. 480 - 470 B.C.
Athens unsuccessfully attempted to capture Eion during the Ionian Revolt in 497 B.C. The revolt ended with Persia re-establishing control in Thrace. A Persian fortress and food storage for the Persian army was built at Eion, probably in 492 B.C. Xerxes recalled most of the Persian troops from the area in the winter of 480/479 B.C. In 475 B.C., Eion was besieged and captured by the Delian League's Athenian general Cimon. Refusing Cimon's offer of an honorable withdrawal, the Persian commander Boges destroyed the treasure, killed his family, and committed suicide as the food ran out. Cimon turned the course of the Strymon River so that it flowed against the city walls, dissolving the mud brick fortifications. The inhabitants were enslaved. The capture of Eion was the beginning of a military campaign intended to clear the Aegean Sea of Persian fleets and pirates in order to facilitate Athenian access to the Hellespont. The Athenian colony Amphipolis was founded in 437 B.C. three miles up the Strymon River. After that, Eion served as the harbor of Amphipolis.GA96088. Silver hemiobol, cf. HGC 3.1 552 (obol, one pellet); Svoronos HPM p. 88, 9 (same); AMNG III/2, p. 140, 30 (same); BMC Macedonia -; SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -; Rosen -, VF, some etching of surfaces, weight 0.344 g, maximum diameter 7.9 mm, Eion (near Amfipoli, Greece) mint, c. 480 - 470 B.C.; obverse two geese standing breast to breast, heads turned back, four globules in a diamond patter between them; reverse quadripartite incuse square; missing from the major references and collections but other specimens known from auctions; extremely rare; $200.00 (€164.00)
Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.GS96871. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group XII, monogram 6, 694 (VAC3/R551); Lukanc 339 (same dies); SNG Cop 1042 (Thasos), VF, toned, punch on reverse, slight bend to flan, marks and light scratches, light graffito X below chin, weight 16.620 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, (MH monogram) inner left; ex Trusted Coins; $190.00 (€155.80)
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.RP98019. Bronze AE 24, RPC Online IV.1 T4277 (10 spec.); AMNG III 272; SNG Cop 1342; Varbanov 3052 (R4); BMC Macedonia p. 28, 156 var. (slight drapery) , VF, dark brown patina, pitting, weight 6.675 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 90o, 7 Mar 161 - 17 Mar 180 A.D.; obverse KAICAP ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONWN, fulmen (thunderbolt) with four wings; $140.00 (€114.80)
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Edessa Macedonia
Edessa, in the central Macedonia region of Greece, was known as the "City of Waters". The city achieved certain prominence in the first centuries AD, being located on the Via Egnatia, a road constructed by the Romans in the 2nd century BC. It crossed Illyricum, Macedonia, and Thracia, running through territory that is now part of modern Albania, North Macedonia, Greece, and European Turkey as a continuation of the Via Appia. From 27 BC to 268 AD it had its own mint.RP96945. Bronze AE 24, Varbanov I 3631, Moushmov 6269, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, BMC -, Choice F, nice dark green patina, well centered, some porosity, central cavity on obverse, weight 10.379 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Edessa Macedonia mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse AV K M AVP ANTΩNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse E∆ECCAIΩN, Roma seated left on a cuirass, wearing Corinthian helmet, Nike in right hand, stage at her feet, City goddess standing left behind her, crowning her with wreath in right hand, scepter in left hand; $135.00 (€110.70)
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C.
This coin was found in Southwestern Bulgaria (Serdi region) in 1997 alongside imitatives of the type struck by the Serdi Celts. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.GB46739. Copper AE 23, SNG Cop 1299, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Munchen,, VF, dark green patina, porous, weight 7.113 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of river-god, Strymon, right, with short horns and crown of reeds; reverse ornamented trident head, MAKE/∆ONΩN in two flanking upward lines, monograms below; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; scarce; $70.00 (€57.40)
Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306 - 283 B.C.
Demetrius I Poliorketes (The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus, was given the title king by his father in 306 B.C. after he defeated Ptolemy I at the Battle of Salamis. In 294 he seized the throne of Macedonia by murdering Alexander V. The combined forces of Pyrrhus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, forced him out of Macedonia in 288. Abandoned by his troops on the field of battle he surrendered to Seleucus in 286 and died in captivity in 283 B.C.GB93465. Bronze AE 13, cf. HGC 3 1031 (R2), Newell 62 corr. (says monogram on left in error), SNG Cop -, SNG Alpha Bank -, F, green patina, corrosion and scattered pits, weight 2.115 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain western Anatolian mint, c. 298 - 295 B.C.; obverse prow of war galley left, Athena on deck standing left blowing trumpet and holding stylis; reverse Poseidon Pelagaios standing left, brandishing trident with right hand, nude but for chlamys draped over extended left arm, control monogram right(?), B - A low across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $70.00 (€57.40)
Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.RP97764. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1612; Varbanov III 305; AMNG III 238; SNG Cop 1334; SGICV 425; BMC Macedonia p. 27, 145; Lindgren II 1354, F, scratches, pitting, reverse off center, weight 10.204 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica(?) mint, 41 - 54 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY∆IOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head left; reverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ MAKE∆ONΩN, Macedonian shield; $70.00 (€57.40)
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C.
Philip V was king of Macedonia, 221 - 179 B.C. Philip's reign was principally marked by an unsuccessful struggle with the emerging power of the Roman Republic. He would lead Macedonia against Rome in the First and Second Macedonian Wars, losing the latter but allying with Rome in the Roman-Seleucid War towards the end of his reign. Perseus was the last king of the Antigonid dynasty who ruled in Macedonia, 179 - 168 B.C. After Perseus lost the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., Macedonia came under Roman rule.GB97605. Copper AE 23, SNG Cop 1298, AMNG III 14, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Munchen -, F, dark blue-green patina, crackled rough surface, light earthen deposits, small edge splits, weight 8.393 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of river-god, Strymon, right, with short horns and crown of reeds; reverse ornamented trident head, MAKE/∆ONΩN in two flanking upward lines, monograms flanking shaft socket; from the Michael Arslan Collection; scarce; $70.00 (€57.40)
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