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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Greece||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Greece
Duchy of Durazzo (Republic of Venice), 1205 - 1213, Imitative of Byzantine, Alexius I Tetarteron, 1093 - 1118

|Greece|, |Duchy| |of| |Durazzo| |(Republic| |of| |Venice),| |1205| |-| |1213,| |Imitative| |of| |Byzantine,| |Alexius| |I| |Tetarteron,| |1093| |-| |1118||tetarteron|NEW
The Duchy of Durazzo was a short-lived overseas colony of the Republic of Venice, encompassing the port city of Durazzo (modern Durrs in Albania) and its environs. It was established in 1205, following the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, and lasted until it was reclaimed by the Byzantine Despotate of Epirus in 1213.

The Durrs Hoard discovered in 1967, near the apse of the chapel of the amphitheater of Dyrrachion, included 862 ornamented cross-type copper coins imitative of tetartera of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus. Similar types to our imitative coin. Pagona Papadopoulou studied the hoard and concluded the coins were hidden in the chapel when the forces of Michael I Comnenus Ducas, the Despot of Epirus (1204-1215) attacked and put an end to the Venetian Duchy in 1214. She also studied many other finds of the type and concluded the coins were struck by the Venetians beginning shortly before or after 1204 A.D., probably at Corinth.
Durazzo
BZ99037. Bronze tetarteron, cf. Papadopoulou type IIa, Sommer 59.26.2; Hendy pl. 8, 11; for the prototype see DOC IV-1 40 (Byzantine, Alexius I, Thessalonica, 1093 - 1118 A.D.), aEF, green patina, crude, porous, weight 1.130 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Corinth (Greece) or Durazzo (Durrs, Albania) mint, 1203 - 1213 A.D.; obverse crude Maltese cross fourche with arms of equal length, no base, no X at center, globus and two pellets at the end of each arm, Φ - C / X - [?] in the angles; reverse no legend, barbarous half-length bust facing, bearded, wearing crown with pendilia and jeweled chlamys, cruciform scepter in right hand, globus cruciger with four-pellet cross in left hand, pellets left and right; from a Las Vegas dealer; rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Duchy of Athens, William or Minority of Guy I de La Roche, 1280 - 1294

|Greece|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Duchy| |of| |Athens,| |William| |or| |Minority| |of| |Guy| |I| |de| |La| |Roche,| |1280| |-| |1294||denier| |tournois|NEW
This type was minted either under William de La Roche, 1280 - 1287, or during the minority of Guy I de La Roche, 1287 - 1294. William I de la Roche succeeded his brother, John I, as Duke of Athens in 1280. William reversed the territorial losses of his brother's reign, extending his control over Lamia and Gardiki. He married Helena Angelina Komnene, daughter of John I Doukas, ruler of Thessaly, securing a military alliance with him.Frankokratia_Map
CR98083. Billon denier tournois, Metcalf Crusades 1051, Malloy Crusaders p. 387, 89a, aVF, toned, porous, weight 0.931 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 90o, Thebes mint, c. 1280 - 1294; obverse +:G:DVX:ATENES:, cross patte; reverse +:ThEBE:CIVIS:, castle tournois with closed corner circles, surmounted by cross; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Mahaut| |(Maud)| |of| |Hainaut,| |1316| |-| |1318||denier| |tournois|
This was one of very few medieval coin types minted under female authority. In 1313, Philip I of Taranto, in compensation for breaking their engagement, granted Achaea to Maud and gave her hand to Louis of Burgundy. The principality was, however, possessed by another claimant, Ferdinand of Majorca. At the Battle of Manolada on 5 July 1316, Ferdinand was killed and Louis took control. He was poisoned soon after, leaving 23-year-old Maud in charge. Rule was soon disputed by varying claimants and Maud was dispossessed of her fief by 1318, in which year John, Duke of Durazzo, abducted the princess and forced her to marry him. She did not give him children, however, and he repudiated her in 1321. Maud married again to Hugh de La Palice and retired to Aversa, where she died in 1331.Arms_of_Achaea
CR88478. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 367, 39; Metcalf Crusades type MA3a, aVF, toned, light deposits, tight flan, weight 0.722 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 270o, Corinth(?) mint, 1316 - 1318; obverse + MAhAVTA P Ach', cross patte within inner border; reverse DE CLARENCIA (R with a large wedge foot = Corinth?), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend, surmounted by cross, small cross below castle; from the Louis G Estate; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1289

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Charles| |II| |of| |Anjou,| |1285| |-| |1289||denier| |tournois|NEW
Charles II succeeded his father, Charles I, in Achaea as well as Sicily (now reduced to the Kingdom of Naples), but he was a prisoner in Aragonese hands. In the interim, the rule of Achaea devolved upon a series of baillis chosen from the Morean nobility. Not long after his release and coronation in 1289, he granted the Principality to Isabelle of Villehardouin upon her marriage with Florent of Hainaut, in part to redress the greedy application of the Treaty of Viterbo at William's death. However, he retained feudal overlordship over the Principality, and his grant provided that neither Isabelle nor any daughter who was her heir might marry without his consent.Charles_II_of_Anjou
CR96937. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 360, 12 (S); Metcalf Crusades pl. 39, 942; Tzamalis Frankish KA101; Schlumberger XII 17, aF, light toning, flan flaws, weight 0.469 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, 1285 -1289; obverse + KRPRINC ACh (curly foot R = Clarentza mint), cross patte within inner border; reverse :DE: CLARENCIA (colons indicate double x stops, DE probably abbreviates denarius, curly foot R = Clarentza mint), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend; from the Louis G Estate; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1289

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Charles| |II| |of| |Anjou,| |1285| |-| |1289||denier| |tournois|NEW
Charles II succeeded his father, Charles I, in Achaea as well as Sicily (now reduced to the Kingdom of Naples), but he was a prisoner in Aragonese hands. In the interim, the rule of Achaea devolved upon a series of baillis chosen from the Morean nobility. Not long after his release and coronation in 1289, he granted the Principality to Isabelle of Villehardouin upon her marriage with Florent of Hainaut, in part to redress the greedy application of the Treaty of Viterbo at William's death. However, he retained feudal overlordship over the Principality, and his grant provided that neither Isabelle nor any daughter who was her heir might marry without his consent.Carlos_I
CR99074. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 360, 12 (S); Metcalf Crusades pl. 39, 942; Tzamalis Frankish KA101; Schlumberger XII 17, F, tiny edge split, weight 0.761 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Clarentza mint, 1285 -1289; obverse + KRPRINC ACh, cross patte; reverse :DE: CLARENCIA: (colons indicate double x stops), castle tournois; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Philip I of Taranto, 1307 - 1313

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Philip| |I| |of| |Taranto,| |1307| |-| |1313||denier| |tournois|
In 1306 Charles II of Naples gave his son Philip I of Taranto the title "Despot of Romania." Romania referred to Frankish lands previously ruled by the Byzantine Empire (the Romans), including: Albania, Corfu, the Principality of Achaia, the Duchy of Athens, the Duchy of the Archipelago, and the Despotate of Epirus. Coins were struck for Philip with this title at Lepanto (Naupaktos), in Epirus, across the Gulf of Corinth from Patras. In 1313, Philip abandoned his claim to Epirus and claimed the defunct Latin Empire of Constantinople instead as the inheritance of his wife Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea.Philip_I_of_Taranto
CR88488. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 364, 26a; Metcalf Crusades type PT2, aVF, well centered, toned, struck with clashed, crude and worn dies, weight 0.716g g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, Clarentza mint, 1307 - 1313; obverse + Ph'SPACh'TARDR (Philippus princeps Achaie, Taranti, despotus Romanie, rounded letters, C closed by bar),, cross patte within inner border; reverse D'.CLARENCIA:, castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend, spire in the form of a triangle, surmounted by cross, no marks in fields; from the Louis G Estate; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Despotate of Epirus, Philip I of Taranto, 1294 - 1312

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Despotate| |of| |Epirus,| |Philip| |I| |of| |Taranto,| |1294| |-| |1312||denier| |tournois|NEW
Philip received Lepanto in 1294 as a dowry from his wife Thamar. In 1306 Charles II of Naples gave his son Philip I of Taranto the title "Despot of Romania." Romania referred to Frankish lands previously ruled by the Byzantine Empire (the Romans), including: Albania, Corfu, the Principality of Achaia, the Duchy of Athens, the Duchy of the Archipelago, and the Despotate of Epirus. Coins were struck for Philip with this title at Lepanto (Naupaktos), in Epirus, across the Gulf of Corinth from Patras. In 1313, Philip abandoned his claim to Epirus and claimed the defunct Latin Empire of Constantinople instead as the inheritance of his wife Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea.Frankokratia_Map
CR96934. Billon denier tournois, Metcalf Crusaders DR2(b)i, pl. 43, 1117; Malloy Crusaders p. 398, 113 var. (stops), F, well centered, strike a little weak, light deposits, tiny edge splits, weight 0.741 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 270o, Lepanto (Nafpaktos, Greece) mint, c. 1307 - 1313; obverse + (pierced crosslet) Ph'S P. ACh' TAR D' R (Philippus princeps Achaie, Taranti, despotus Romanie, rounded letters, C closed by bar), cross patte within inner border; reverse ⚜ NEPANTI CIVIS (rounded letters, C closed by bar), castle tournois, surmounted by a cross dividing legend, fleur-de-lis below; from the Louis G Estate; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Duchy of Athens, Guy II de La Roche, 1287 - 1308

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Duchy| |of| |Athens,| |Guy| |II| |de| |La| |Roche,| |1287| |-| |1308||denier|NEW
Guy II de la Roche was the Duke of Athens from 1287, the last duke of his family. He succeeded as a minor on the death of his father, William I, at a time when the duchy of Athens had exceeded the Principality of Achaea in wealth, power, and importance. Guy was originally under the tutorship and regency of his mother, Helena Angelina Komnene, who was forced to make submission to Isabella of Villehardouin. In 1299, Guy was engaged to Matilda, daughter of Isabella and and her husband, Florent of Hainaut. Charles objected, as his permission had not been sought, but Pope Boniface VIII intervened on the young couple's behalf. In 1307, Guy was made bailli of Achaea by its new prince, Philip I of Taranto. He governed well, but for barely a year. He died, 5 October 1308, at the age of twenty-eight, but was respected and renowned for his chivalry and manners.Frankokratia_Map
CR96941. Billon denier, cf. Metcalf Crusades 1e & pl. 42, 1071 - 1072; Malloy Crusaders p. 388, 94, F, porous, tight irregularly shaped flan, small edge splits, edge chip, weight 0.677 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 270o, Thebes mint, majority, 1294 - 1308; obverse +:GVIDVX:ATENES:, cross patte within inner border; reverse uThEBAHI:CIVISu (u = small crescent with horns up), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend; from the Louis G Estate; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Duchy of Athens, Guy II de La Roche, 1287 - 1308

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Duchy| |of| |Athens,| |Guy| |II| |de| |La| |Roche,| |1287| |-| |1308||denier|NEW
Guy II de la Roche was the Duke of Athens from 1287, the last duke of his family. He succeeded as a minor on the death of his father, William I, at a time when the duchy of Athens had exceeded the Principality of Achaea in wealth, power, and importance. Guy was originally under the tutorship and regency of his mother, Helena Angelina Komnene, who was forced to make submission to Isabella of Villehardouin. In 1299, Guy was engaged to Matilda, daughter of Isabella and and her husband, Florent of Hainaut. Charles objected, as his permission had not been sought, but Pope Boniface VIII intervened on the young couple's behalf. In 1307, Guy was made bailli of Achaea by its new prince, Philip I of Taranto. He governed well, but for barely a year. He died, 5 October 1308, at the age of twenty-eight, but was respected and renowned for his chivalry and manners.Frankokratia_Map
CR96943. Billon denier, cf. Metcalf Crusades 1e & pl. 42, 1071 - 1072; Malloy Crusaders p. 388, 94, F, uneven strike with parts of legends weak, small encrustations, ragged edge with small split and chips, weight 0.516 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 90o, Thebes mint, majority, 1294 - 1308; obverse :+:GVI·DVX:ATENES, cross patte within inner border; reverse uThEBAHI:CIVISu (u = small crescent with horns up), castle tournois, surmounted by cross dividing legend; from the Louis G Estate; scarce; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (1966 - 1999).
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present. (2009).
Gamberini, C. Le imitazioni e la contraffazioni monetarie nel mondo. (Bologna, 1971).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1999).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Ives, H. The Venetian Gold Ducat and its Imitations. ANSNNM 128. (New York, 1954).
Malloy, A., I. Preston, & A. Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Marchev, V. & R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Metcalf, D. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Metcalf, D. "The Pylia Hoard: Denier Tournois of Frankish Greece" in MN 17 (New York, 1971).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Paolucci, R. The Coinage of the Doges of Venice, 2nd Edition. (Padova, 2001).
Papadopoulou, P. "Ttartra d'imitation du XIIIe sicle : propos du trsor de Durrs (Albanie)" in Revue numismatique, volume 161 (2005), pp. 145 - 162, pl. XIII - XIV.
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Stahl, A. The Venetian tornesello: A medieval colonial coinage. ANSNNM 163. (New York, 1985).
Tzamalis, A. "Addition to the tornesia of the 1st group of Guillaume de Villehardouin" in NK 11 (1992).
Tzamalis, A. "The first period of the Frankish tornesio. New evidence from an old hoard" in NK 9-10 (1990-1991).

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