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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Thracian Tribes||View Options:  |  |  | 

Thracian Tribes

Divided into numerous tribes, the Thracians did not recognize themselves as a single group. Thrace and Thracians were names given them by the Greeks. The Thracians did not form a lasting political organization until the Odrysian state was founded in the 5th century B.C. The 4th century was a time of strife and Macedonian encroachment. The coins of the Thracian rulers, which were struck in the Greek cities of the kingdom, are so scarce that they may have been struck more symbolic of regal authority than to meet the needs of trade.

Kings of Thrace, Kotys and Rhaescuporis I, c. Late Summer of 42 B.C., Struck by Brutus(?)

|Kingdoms| |of| |Thrace|, |Kings| |of| |Thrace,| |Kotys| |and| |Rhaescuporis| |I,| |c.| |Late| |Summer| |of| |42| |B.C.,| |Struck| |by| |Brutus(?)||AE| |16|
In late summer of 42 B.C., Brutus struck aureus and denarius types (Crawford 505/4 and Crawford 505/5) with trophy reverses very similar to the reverse of this coin. This type, struck in the names of King Kotys and King Rhaescuporis of Thrace, may have actually been struck by Brutus too. Perhaps it was used for small change in the camps of Thracian mercenaries. Brutus was defeated at Philippi in October.
RP110441. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online I 1703, (description corr. post publication) Youroukova 157, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, dark green patina, a little rough, minor adjustment marks on rev., die wear, tiny edge splits, weight 4.000 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Thrace, uncertain mint, c. late summer 42 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEYΣ KOTYΣ, diademed and draped bust of Kotys to right; reverse BAΣIΛEYΣ PAIΣKOYΠOPI∆OΣ, trophy composed of captured arms, with spears and a Gallic shield ; ex Nomos Obolos 21 (2 Jan 2022), lot 140; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Celtic, Pannonian, or Thracian Tribes, c. 180 - 35 B.C., Imitative of Thessalonika, Macedonia

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celtic,| |Pannonian,| |or| |Thracian| |Tribes,| |c.| |180| |-| |35| |B.C.,| |Imitative| |of| |Thessalonika,| |Macedonia||AE| |20|
We do not know of another specimen similar to this. The identification of the prototype is clear. But the maker of this imitative is uncertain.
CE98465. Bronze AE 20, for prototype see AMNG III/2, 21; SNG ANS 804; HGC 3.1 743 (Thessalonika), VF, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 6.177 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 180 - 35 B.C.; obverse bearded Janiform head; reverse abstract design imitative of two centaurs back to back rearing outwards from center, completely abstract imitation of inscriptions above and below; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00


Thracians, Odrysian Kingdom, Seuthes III, c. 330 - 295 B.C.

|Kingdom| |of| |Thrace|, |Thracians,| |Odrysian| |Kingdom,| |Seuthes| |III,| |c.| |330| |-| |295| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Seuthes was the high priest of the Cabeiri, and the king of the Odrysian Thracians. He revolted against Macedonia about 325 B.C., after Alexander's governor Zopyrion was killed in battle against the Getae. Seuthes was apparently subdued by Antipater, but after Alexander died in 323 B.C. he again took up arms in opposition to the new governor Lysimachus. They fought to a draw and both withdrew, but ultimately Seuthes acknowledged Lysimachus' authority. In 320 B.C., Seuthes III moved the Odrysian kingdom to central Thrace and built his capital city at Seuthopolis. In 313 B.C. he supported Antigonus I against Lysimachus, occupying the passes of Mount Haemus, but was again defeated and forced to submit to Lysimachus. After Lysimachus died in 281 B.C., Thrace came under the suzerainty of Ptolemy Keraunos.|Head| of |Seuthes| |III|
GB99019. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 1073; Youroukova 80; SNG Stancomb 294 (six-pointed); Peter p. 182, 4 (eight-pointed); SNG BM Black Sea 319 var. (wreath vice star), aVF, green patina, light earthen deposits, small cut, porosity, weight 3.734 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Seuthopolis (near Kazanlak, Bulgaria) mint, c. 323 - 316 B.C.; obverse laureate, bearded head of Seuthus III right; reverse horseman cantering right, left foreleg raised, ΣEYΘOY above, five-pointed star below horse (control); scarce; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00







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REFERENCES|

Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Fischer-Bossert, W. "Die Lysimachaeier des Skostokos" in Revue Belge de Numismatique et de Sigillographie CLI. (2005).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, NW, central & S. Greece. (London, 1924).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Mnzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1935).
Grose, S. W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fizwilliam Museum, Vol. II: The Greek mainland, the Aegean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lorber, C. "The Goats of 'Aigai'" in pour Denyse.
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Peter, U. Die Mnzen der Thrakischen Dynasten (5-3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.). (Berlin, 1997).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D.R. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Svoronos, J. L'hellnisme primitif de la Macdoine, prouv par la numismatique et l'or du Pange. (Paris/Athens, 1919).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1987).
Topalov, S. Ancient Thrace: Contributions to the Study of the Early Thracian Tribal Coinage and its Relations to the Coinage of the Odrysians and the Odrysian Kingdom During 6th-4th C. B.C. (Sophia, 2003).
Tzamalis, A.P. "Uncertain Thraco-Macedonian Coins" in NK 16-18 (1997-1999).
Youroukova, Y. The Coins of the Ancient Thracians. (Oxford, 1976).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 30, 2022.
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