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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ TycheView Options:  |  |  |   

Tyche

Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the guardian deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. She is usually depicted veiled and wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city). The blind mistress of Fortune, Tyche was arbitrary and unreliable, distributing good and evil according to her caprice and without any regard to merit. The Greek historian Polybius believed that when no cause can be discovered for events such as floods, drought or frosts then the cause of these events could be fairly attributed to Tyche.


Plotina, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

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Plotina was the wife of Trajan, married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, Trajan awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. Plotina did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of Trajan. Plotina died in 129 A.D.
SH79967. Bronze AE 24, RPC Online III 645, SNG Evelpidis 1170, Lindgren 980, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, BMC Macedonia -, Varbanov -, F, green patina, pitting, weight 9.487 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 105 - 129 A.D.; obverse CEBACTH ΠΛWTEINA, draped bust right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛTWN, Tyche seated left, patera in right hand; very rare; $400.00 (340.00)


Kings of Galatia, Deiotaros, Tetrarch 63 - 59 B.C., King 59 - 40 B.C.

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Deiotarus was chief of the Celtic Tolistobogii tribe in western Galatia and became King of Galatia. He was a faithful ally of Rome against Mithridates VI of Pontus, for which he was rewarded by Pompey. Caesar pardoned him for siding with Pompey in the civil war but he was deprived of some of his dominions. After Caesar's death, Mark Antony, for a large payment, publicly announced that, in accordance with instructions left by Caesar, Deiotarus was to resume possession of all the territory of which he had been deprived. When civil war broke out again, Deiotarus supported the anti-Caesarian party of Brutus and Cassius, but after the Battle of Philippi in 42 B.C., he went over to the triumvirs. He retained his kingdom until his death at a very advanced age.
GB88403. Bronze AE 27, SNGvA 6103 (same countermark); Arslan K4; SNG BnF 2333; BMC Galatia p. 1, 1; HGC 7 774 (R2); see RPC I p. 536, aVF, countermark VF, dark brown and green patina, off center, reverse flattened opposite countermark, weight 12.715 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Phrygian mint, 59 - 40 B.C.; obverse bust of winged Nike right, hair in a bunch behind; countermark: turreted head of Tyche in round punch; reverse eagle standing right on a sheathed sword, wings open, head turned back left, flanked by pilei of the Dioscuri each with a star above, BAΣIΛEΩΣ above, ∆HIOTAPOV below; very rare; $350.00 (297.50)


Tarsos, Cilicia, c. 164 - 27 B.C.

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The Tyche / Sandan type was the only autonomous silver issue of Tarsos. Sandan was a Hittite-Babylonian sun, storm, or warrior god, also perhaps associated with agriculture. The Greeks equated Sandan with Herakles (Hercules). At Tarsus an annual festival honored Sandan-Herakles, which climaxed when an image of the god was burned on a funeral pyre.
GS86512. Silver drachm, cf. SNG Levante 925; SNG BnF 1295; BMC Lycaonia p. 178, 94; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, bold strike, iridescent toning, tight flan, light marks, slight porosity, weight 3.918 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 164 - 27 B.C.; obverse turreted head of Tyche right, bead and reel border; reverse Sandan standing right on the back of a mythical horned and winged goat-like animal walking right, he draped and wears a high headdress, bow case and sword on his left side, right hand extended, ax in left hand; two monograms behind (off flan), TAPΣEΩN (downward on right); from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; very rare; $320.00 (272.00)


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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This type is unpublished and missing from the ANS, Coin Archives, Wildwinds, and Asia Minor Coins databases online. After an exhaustive search we found one other example of this type. The only other example know to Forum is on our own website, in the Forum Ancient Coins Members' Gallery, Countermarks Theme Gallery - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-9970. Both coins were struck with the same dies.
RP88898. Bronze 11 assaria, BMC Lycia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Righetti -, Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs.), F, well centered on a broad flan, porous, reverse rough, weight 13.130 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 45o, Side (Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, c. 254 - 260 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛΩNINA CEBA, draped bust right, wearing stephane, star above, IA (mark of value) before neck, countermark: E in a 7mm round punch over mark of value (revaluation to 5 assaria); reverse CI∆TΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Tyche standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; big 29mm bronze, apparently unpublished, extremely rare, and only the second specimen of the type known to Forum; $170.00 (144.50)


Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria, 7/6 B.C., Legate P. Quinctilius Varus

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Publius Quinctilius Varus was a Roman general and politician under Augustus. From 7 or 6 B.C. until 4 B.C. he governed Syria as the where he was known for harsh rule and high taxes. Josephus mentions the swift action of Varus in 4 B.C., against a revolt in Judaea following the death of Herod the Great. Varus occupied Jerusalem and crucified 2000 rebels. Varus is most infamous for losing three Roman legions in an ambush by Germanic tribes led by Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, at which point he took his own life. Upon hearing the news, Augustus tore his clothes, refused to cut his hair for months and, for years afterward, was heard, upon occasion, to moan, "Quinctilius Varus, give me back my Legions!" (Quintili Vare, legiones redde!).
RP87432. Bronze trichalkon, McAlee 85; RPC I 4242; SNG Cop 90; BMC p. 158, 57; Butcher 48; Cohen DCA 402, aVF, well centered, a little rough, porous, obscure countermark (or flaw) on obverse, weight 6.267 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, legate P. Quinctilius Varus, 7/6 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, three pellets (mark of value) below neck; reverse ANTIOXEΩ EΠI OVAPOV, Tyche of Antioch seated right on rocks, turreted, wearing chiton and peplos, palm frond in her right hand, half-length figure of river-god Orontes swimming right below, his head turned facing, EK (Actian Era year 25) in the right field; $160.00 (136.00)


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius, Roman Provincial Egypt

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Missing from all the references examined, except Emmett, where the type is listed only for year three and is identified as very rare (R5). We did not find another example online.
RX89193. Bronze diobol, Emmett 2324 (R5), Dattari -, Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, Kampmann -, SRCV II -, VF/F, light marks, edge cracks, beveled obverse edge, weight 8.146 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 162 - 28 Aug 163 A.D.; obverse ΦAVCTINA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse Tyche standing facing, holding rudder by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, L - Γ (year 3) divided across fields; extremely rare; $160.00 (136.00)


Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Seleucia on the Calycadnus, Cilicia

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Located a few miles from the mouth of the Calycadnus (Gksu) River, Seleucia ad Calycadnum was founded by Seleucus I Nicator in the early 3rd century B.C., one of several cities he named after himself. The location up river was safer against attacks from the sea so Seleucia achieved considerable commercial prosperity as a port for this corner of Cilicia (later named Isauria), and was even a rival of Tarsus. Cilicia thrived as a province of the Romans, and Seleucia became a religious center with a renowned 2nd century Temple of Jupiter. It was also the site of a noted school of philosophy and literature, the birthplace of peripatetics Athenaeus and Xenarchus.
RP88857. Bronze AE 33, SNG BnF 1052 (same dies); cf. SNG Levante 783 (same obv. die, rev. var.); BMC Lycaonia p. 140, 51 (same); SNG Cop 221 (same); SNGvA 5848 (same), F, weak legends, a little off center, scattered porosity, a few pits, bumps and scratches, weight 18.147 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 180o, Seleucia on the Calycadnus (Silifke, Turkey) mint, Jun/Jul 251 - Jul/Aug 253 A.D.; obverse AV K ΓAI OVAI TPEBΩ ΓAΛΛOC, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CEΛEVKEΩN TΩN Π/POC / TΩ KAΛV, confronted draped busts of Apollo, laureate on left, and Tyche, on right, wearing kalathos, laurel branch before Apollo, cornucopia behind Tyche, KA∆NΩ below; $150.00 (127.50)


Tiberius(?), 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.(?), Amasia, Galatian-Pontus

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RPC attributes this type to "uncertain emperor - perhaps Caligula?" Dalaison attributes it as "Tibre(?)"

RPC I lists Amasea under Galatia noting, "it seems to have have been included with the Province of Galatia from 2 BC...together with the rest of Galatian Pontus."
RP87131. Bronze AE 21, Dalaison 3 (D1/R3), SNG Leypold 1 (same dies), RPC I 3571, pl. 143 (same dies), SNG Fitzwilliam 4031, Rec Gn 6, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Pontus -, F, black patina, some earthen deposits, scratches, porosity, light corrosion, weight 9.894 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amaseia (Amasya, Turkey) mint, obverse ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head (Tiberius or Caligula?) right; reverse AMAΣEΩN EPI BAΣIΛA, head of Tyche right, veiled, wearing mural crown; extremely rare; $140.00 (119.00)


Seleukeia Pieria, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria, 99 - 98 B.C.

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Seleucia Pieria, also known in English as Seleucia by the Sea, was the capital of Seleucus I Nicator, in Syria Prima. The city was built, slightly to the north of the estuary of the river Orontes, between small rivers on the western slopes of the Coryphaeus, one of the southern summits of the Amanus Mountains. The Macedonians called the landscape Pieria, after a district in their homeland that was also between the sea and the Olympus mountains.
GS86565. Silver tetradrachm, Weber 7994 (same dies); BMC Galatia p. 271, 18 var. (Γ); SNG Mnchen 963 var. (Θ); Hunterian III p. 213, 18 var. (same); HGC 9 1382, gF, centered on a tight flan, toned, rough, heavy scratches, weight 13.647 g, maximum diameter 30 mm, die axis 0o, Seleukeia Pieria mint, 99 - 98 B.C.; obverse turreted and veiled head of Tyche right, wearing earring, bead and reel border; reverse ΣEΛEYKEIAΣ / THΣ IEPAΣ / KAI / AYTONOMOY, fulmen (thunderbolt), taenia (ribbon) and cushions on the pulvinar (symbolic empty throne) of Zeus, BI (year 12) between the legs, E/∆ monogram (control) lower inner right, all within a laurel wreath; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; rare; $135.00 (114.75)


Termessos Major, Pisidia, 3rd Century A.D.

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In Greek mythology, Solymus (Solymos) was the ancestral hero and eponym of the tribe Solymi in Pisidia and Lycia. He was a son of either Zeus or Ares; his mother's name is variously given as Chaldene, Caldene daughter of Pisidus, Calchedonia or the nymph Chalcea. Solymus is known to have been married to his own sister Milye, also a local eponymous heroine. A certain Cragus is given as Milye's second husband. A possibly different Solymus is mentioned by Ovid as a Phrygian companion of Aeneas and eponym of Sulmona.
RP85747. Bronze AE 22, SNGvA 5343; SNG Cop 338; SNG BnF -; BMC Lycia -; SNG Righetti -; SNG PfPs -, VF, well centered, high points flatly struck, light marks, weight 5.217 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Termessos Major mint, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN, bearded bust of Solymos right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet and cuirass; reverse AVTONOMΩN, Tyche standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $130.00 (110.50)




  



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Tyche