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Honorius was the son of Theodosius I and upon the latter's death was given the Western provinces to rule as emperor, while his brother Arcadius was given the East. Honorius was a weak incompetent ruler dominated at first by the famed general Stilicho, then by various court favorites. In August 410 A.D. he sat helpless at Ravenna while Rome was sacked by the Goths. He was succeeded by Valentinian III.
The Notitia Dignitatum shows the development of forces in the Roman Empire. When this coin was struck 200,000 soldiers guarded the borders, and a reserve force of 50,000 was available for deployment. Many of the soldiers were from Germanic tribes: Alamanni, Franks, Goths, Saxons and Vandals. In the winter of 394 the Huns cross the frozen Danube and destroyed the villages built by resettled Goths. Regardless of the force size available, Theodosius I, six hundred miles away in Italy, did not send reinforcements to defend the northern frontier.RL91666. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 29(c), DOCLR 703 - 705, LRBC II 2576, SRCV V 20998, Cohen VIII 23, F, centered on a tight flan, scratches, porous, weight 1.784 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 23 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Honorius on horseback right, raising right hand, reins in left hand, SMK[...] in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00
Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.
In 394, the last known ancient hieroglyphic inscription, known as the Graffito of Esmet-Akhom, was written in Philae, Egypt. MA95712. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 29(c)2 (also 2nd officina), DOCLR 703 (same), LRBC II 2576, SRCV V 20998, Cohen VIII 23, aVF, well centered on a tight flan, porous, weight 1.902 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 23 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Honorius on horseback right, raising right hand in salute, reins in left hand, SMKB in exergue; $9.49 (€8.73)
Thessalonica was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, King of Macedonia, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of Philip II and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of Macedonia Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of Macedonia. Due to its port and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, Thessalonica grew to become the most important city in Macedonia. Thessalonica was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.SH53618. Gold solidus, RIC X Arcadius 38 (R2); Depeyrot p. 225, 44/2; DOCLR 756; SRCV V 20900, gVF, weight 4.379 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 397 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, diademed, cuirassed, cross on breast plate, spear in right over right shoulder behind head, shield decorated with horseman on left arm; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, holding long scepter and Victory on globe, foot on prow, COMOB in exergue; very rare; SOLD
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