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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Honorius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.

Honorius was the son of Theodosius I and upon the latter's death was given the Western provinces to rule as emperor, while his brother Arcadius was given the East. Honorius was a weak incompetent ruler dominated at first by the famed general Stilicho, then by various court favorites. In August 410 A.D. he sat helpless at Ravenna while Rome was sacked by the Goths. He was succeeded by Valentinian III.The Roman Empire 395 AD

|Honorius|, |Honorius,| |23| |January| |393| |-| |15| |August| |423| |A.D.||solidus|
In 418, the Romans collected all the treasures which were in Britain, and hid some of them in the earth so that no one afterward could find them, and took some with them into Gaul.
SH111608. Gold solidus, RIC X Honorius 1321 (S); Depeyrot p. 188, 7/1; DOCLR 736; SRCV V 20920; Cohen VIII 44, Choice EF, well centered and struck, flow lines, weight 4.419 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ravenna mint, May 408 - 422 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed large bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), Honorius standing half right in a relaxed pose, treading with his left foot on captive with bent knees, standard in his right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in his left hand, R-V across fields, COMOB in exergue; SOLD


|Honorius|, |Honorius,| |23| |January| |393| |-| |15| |August| |423| |A.D.||solidus|
David Sear notes, "The mint of Ravenna was opened by Honorius in 402 A.D. Coins of this period normally have slender busts." A heavier bust was used from 408 to 423 A.D.
SL99915. Gold solidus, RIC X Honorius 1287 (S); Ranieri 11; DOCLR 736; SRCV V 20919; Depeyrot p. 188, 7/1; Cohen VIII 44, NGC Ch XF, strike 5/5, surface 3/5, slight bend (6556336-001), weight 4.422 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Ravenna mint, 402 - 403 and 405 - 406 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed slender bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), Honorius standing right, active stance, standard in right, Victory on globe in left hand, left foot treading on captive with bent knees; R-V across field, COMOB in exergue; NGC| Lookup; scarce; SOLD


|Honorius|, |Honorius,| |23| |January| |393| |-| |15| |August| |423| |A.D.||solidus|
On 24 August 410, the Visigoths under Alaric I sacked Rome after a third siege. The historian Procopius recorded the following satire: the feeble-minded Emperor Honorius was informed by a eunuch that "Rome was destroyed" and, thinking the reference was to his favorite hen named "Roma," cried out in great consternation: "How could it be? She just ate out of my hand." Upon being informed of his mistake, the hapless emperor was greatly relieved.
SH42463. Gold solidus, RIC X Honorius 1254 (S); Depeyrot, p. 151, 34/2; DOCLR 723; SRCV V 20918; Cohen VIII 44, Choice gVF, nicely centered, weight 4.400 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 404, 407 - 408 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed "Attalus style" bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), Honorius standing right, holding standard and Victory on globe, treading down captive; R-M across fields, COMOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Ulrich-Bansa, O. Moneta Mediolanensis (352-498). (Venice, 1949).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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