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Honorius was the son of Theodosius I and upon the latter's death was given the Western provinces to rule as emperor, while his brother Arcadius was given the East. Honorius was a weak incompetent ruler dominated at first by the famed general Stilicho, then by various court favorites. In August 410 A.D. he sat helpless at Ravenna while Rome was sacked by the Goths. He was succeeded by Valentinian III.
Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
This type of lead conical bulla seal is commonly attributed to Theodosius I with his sons, Arcadius and Honorius. While the attribution is not certain, there is reason behind it. The form is correct for the period and the type is very common for a seal. Forum has handled a few examples and there are at least four on Coin Archives. The large number of specimens supports attribution to the emperor, in whose name there was a lot of correspondence. Theodosius and his two sons are the best imperial fit for these three facing busts. AS89555. Lead bulla (tag seal), conical type, commonly attributed to Theodosius I and his sons Arcadius and Honorius, VF, gray and buff surfaces, weight 9.316 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, obverse three bare-headed and draped busts facing, center bust larger, two flanking busts smaller; reverse domed back, pierced for the cord; ex CNG e-auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 504; $150.00 (€132.00)
In 406, with the aid of the chieftain of the Huns, Uldin, Stilicho crushed an army of 20,000 barbarians led by Radagaisus at Fiesole. Stilicho executed Radagaisus, and the surviving barbarians were either incorporated into the Roman army or sold as slaves.RL88047. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Constantinopolis 89c (R), LRBC II 2192, SRCV V 20996, Cohen VIII 23, DOCLR -, VF, dark patina with earthen highlighting, tight flan, weight 2.143 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 May 292 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Honorius on horseback right, raising right hand, reins in left hand, CONS∆ in exergue; $55.00 (€48.40)
Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.
In 395, after the death of Theodosius I, the Empire was re-divided into an eastern and a western half. The eastern half, centered in Constantinople, was under Arcadius, and the western half, centered in Rome, was under his brother Honorius.BB87985. Bronze centenionalis, DOCLR 760, RIC X Arcadius 68, LRBC II 2581, SRCV V 21030, Cohen VIII 56, Hunter V 24, Nice VF, attractive desert patina, nice portrait, centered on a tight flan, weight 2.447 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 395 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCITI (courage of the army), Emperor on left standing facing, head right, spear vertical in his right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, Victory beside him on right, standing left and crowning him with wreath, palm frond in her left, SMKB in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $50.00 (€44.00)
In 395, after the death of Theodosius I, the Empire was re-divided into an eastern and a western half. The eastern half, centered in Constantinople, was put under Arcadius, and the western half, centered in Rome, was put under his eleven-year-old brother Honorius.RL88649. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Antioch 68(f)4, LRBC II 2784, DOCLR 708 var. (pearl-diadem), SRCV V 20989, Cohen VIII 20, aVF, brown fields with toned red copper high points, porous, tight flan, small pit on reverse, weight 4.351 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 23 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor standing facing, head right, diademed, in military dress, standard in right hand, globe in left hand, ANT∆ in exergue; $20.00 (€17.60)
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