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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Salonina||View Options:  |  |  | 

Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of Gallienus

Salonina was the wife of emperor Gallienus. A very beautiful and intelligent woman, she was extremely loyal to her husband. Opinion is divided as to whether she was murdered in the purge of Gallienus family after his murder, or if she survived.

Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Dikaiosyne is the Greek personification of justice and fair dealing. One of the most common reverse types of Alexandria, she always holds scales and a cornucopia.
RX93395. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 2974; Dattari 5328; SNG Cop 811; SNG Milan 1819; Milne 4113; BMC Alexandria p. 292, 2246; Kampmann 91.39; Emmett 3848/13 (R1), VF, dark patina, porous, obverse off center on a broad flan, die wear, small edge split, weight 8.841 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 265 - 28 Aug 266 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛWNEINA CEB, draped bust right, wearing stephane; reverse Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, date LIΓ (year 13) upper left, palm frond right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 (€46.00)
 


|Salonina|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
On this coin, Venus appears to be wearing a crown similar to the crown of Isis.
RA71413. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 232b, RSC IV 129, RIC V-1 37 corr. (seated), SRCV III 10660, Choice EF, weight 3.566 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 260 - 268 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, thin crescent behind shoulders; reverse VENVS VICTRIX (victorious Venus), Venus standing facing, head left, helmet in right, scepter vertical in left, grounded shield on left leaning against back of right leg; SOLD


|Salonina|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Based on this coin it is very likely that the Salonina erected a temple to the goddess Segetia, who before that had only an altar in the Circus Maximus. Segetia presided over the crops when the seeds germinated and seedlings rose up from the soil. Prayers and sacrifices would have been made to her at the time of planting.
RS92201. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 902c, RSC IV 36, RIC V-1 J5, Hunter 21, Cunetio 731, Elmer 96, SRCV III 10631, Choice gVF, nice white metal, some luster, well centered, flow lines, some die wear, small punch obverse center, weight 3.966 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 259 - 260 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse DEAE SEGETIAE, statue of goddess Segetia standing facing in tetrastyle temple, nimbate, crescent on her head, both hands raised; ex Roma Numismatics; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CORNELIASALONINAAVGVSTA
CORNELIASALONINAAVG
CORNELSALONINAAVG
CORNSALONINAAVG
CORSALONINA
CORSALONINAAVG
SALONINAAVG


REFERENCES|

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourdel, B. Les Antoniniens emis sous le regne conjoint des empereurs Valerien et Gallien, Mariniane, Salonine, Valerien II, Salonin (253-260 Apr. J.-C.). (2017).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham, & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaad, D. & J. Lafaurie. Le trésor d'Eauze. (Toulouse, 1992).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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