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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Salonina||View Options:  |  |  | 

Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of Gallienus

Salonina was the wife of emperor Gallienus. A very beautiful and intelligent woman, she was extremely loyal to her husband. Opinion is divided as to whether she was murdered in the purge of Gallienus family after his murder, or if she survived.

|Salonina|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Sulla in a dream first saw Venus with the weapons of Mars as Venus Victrix and made her his personal patroness. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 B.C. Pompey dreamed of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign. Caesar sacrificed to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!
RA112452. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1368o, RIC V-1 67, RSC 127a, Cunetio 1786 (21 spec.), SRCV III 10659, Hunter IV - (p. lxxiii), EF, toned surfaces, centered on a tight flan, tiny edge split, weight 1.979 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, end officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 265 - 267 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse VENVS VICT, Venus standing left, helmet in right, transverse spear in left, shield at side behind her, MS in exergue; $110.00 (€103.40)

Salonina, Augusta, 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Metropolis, Ionia

|Other| |Ionia|, |Salonina,| |Augusta,| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Metropolis,| |Ionia||AE| |27|
Metropolis was on the road between Smyrna and Ephesus. Neolithic, Hittite, Mycenaean, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods are represented at the site. Metropolis was a part of the Kingdom of Pergamum during the Hellenistic period, the time when the city reached a zenith of cultural and economic life. Metropolis had a temple dedicated to Ares, one of only two known dedicated to the war god. Strabo wrote that the district produced excellent wine. The ruins are of a Hellenistic city heavily Romanized, with Byzantine remains laid across it—a church to the east of the city, and fortification walls laid across city that connect to the Hellenistic defenses on the Acropolis. Excavations began in 1989. A Hellenistic marble seat of honor with griffins was found in the Ancient Theater. The original seat is in the Izmir Archeological Museum and a replica has been placed at the site.
RP111836. Bronze AE 27, BMC Ionia p. 181, 35, SNG Cop 939, SNGvA 2076, SNG Mün 698, SNG Hunt I 1678, Weber 6029 var. (obv. leg.), SNG Tüb -, gF, dark green patina, porosity, weight 8.128 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, Metropolis (near Yeniköy, Izmir, Turkey) mint, 254 - c. September 268 A.D.; obverse •CAΛΩN•XPVCOΓΩNH•CEBA•, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse MHTPOΠOΛEITΩN TΩN EΝ I/ΩNIA (MH ligate, last four letters in exergue), the Emperor standing right holding upright scepter, clasping hands with Tyche standing left, the latter dressed in a chiton and peplos and holding transverse scepter; submitted to the RPC database; $90.00 (€84.60)

|Salonina|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
On this coin, Venus appears to be wearing a crown similar to the crown of Isis.
RA71413. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 232b, RSC IV 129, RIC V-1 37 corr. (seated), SRCV III 10660, Choice EF, weight 3.566 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 260 - 268 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, thin crescent behind shoulders; reverse VENVS VICTRIX (victorious Venus), Venus standing facing, head left, helmet in right, scepter vertical in left, grounded shield on left leaning against back of right leg; SOLD

|Salonina|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Based on this coin it is very likely that the Salonina erected a temple to the goddess Segetia, who before that had only an altar in the Circus Maximus. Segetia presided over the crops when the seeds germinated and seedlings rose up from the soil. Prayers and sacrifices would have been made to her at the time of planting.
RS92201. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 902c, RSC IV 36, RIC V-1 J5, Hunter 21, Cunetio 731, Elmer 96, SRCV III 10631, Choice gVF, nice white metal, some luster, well centered, flow lines, some die wear, small punch obverse center, weight 3.966 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 259 - 260 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse DEAE SEGETIAE, statue of goddess Segetia standing facing in tetrastyle temple, nimbate, crescent on her head, both hands raised; ex Roma Numismatics; scarce; SOLD





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