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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Isaurian Dynasty| ▸ |Constantine V||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constantine V Copronymus, 25 March 720 - 14 September 775 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Leo III (his father), 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.
Joint rule with Leo IV (his son), 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.
Constantine V was a successful military commander, defeating Bulgarians and Umayyad Muslims. Unfortunately, his iconoclast policies diminished Byzantine influence in the West and he lost Ravenna to the Lombards in 751 A.D.

Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 31 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

|Leo| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |the| |Isaurian| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |31| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.||follis|
"Specimens of this type vary considerabley in size and weight." -- Byzantine Coins and Their Values, by David R. Sear.
BZ111216. Bronze follis, DOC III-1 54a (larger var.), Anastasi 399a, Trivero 092, Sommer 21.18, Spahr 318, Calciati MBBS 74, SBCV 1530, VF, earthen deposits, weight 3.938 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 721 - 730 A.D.; obverse legend normally illegible (Sear), crowned bust of Leo III facing, short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, akakia in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; reverse bust of Constantine V facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, akakia in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, below line under bust, large M (40 nummi) dividing SC-L; ex CNG auction 528 (30 Nov 2022), lot 482; ex CNG auction 25 (24 Mar 1993), lot 967; scarce; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00


Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, joint reign 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |V| |and| |Leo| |IV,| |joint| |reign| |6| |June| |751| |-| |14| |September| |775| |A.D.||solidus|
In 772, the Frankish king Charlemagne began fighting the Saxons and the Frisians. In 774, he conquered the Lombards, and took the title, King of the Lombards.
SH94410. Gold solidus, DOC III-1 2f; Tolstoi 36; Wroth BMC 9; Sommer 23.2; SBCV 1551; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, gVF, well centered, clipped, marks, weight 3.638 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 757 - 14 Sep 775 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOS S LEONONEOS, facing busts of Constantine with short beard (on left) and Leo IV beardless (on right), pellet and cross between them; reverse G LEON P A MYL B, facing bust of Leo III, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, cross potent in right hand; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D., Struck by Pope Adriano

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |V| |and| |Leo| |IV,| |6| |June| |751| |-| |14| |September| |775| |A.D.,| |Struck| |by| |Pope| |Adriano||tremissis|
The trefoil ornaments and general stylistic considerations link this type with earlier electrum "solidii" and "tremisses." Tolstoi described his specimen of this type as silver, but Wroth identified the two in the British Museum as potin. Philip Grierson (DOC III-1 p. 297) says, the "earliest coins are of poor quality electrum, perhaps about eight carats fine. The later ones are of base silver, copper or potin, apparently with no gold content at all. Even if they were once gilded or plated it is difficult to see how they could have ever served an economic purpose."

In April 774 A.D., Pope Adrian I received Charlemagne in Rome. He did so as the effective ruler, if not yet the legal sovereign, of the city.
BZ93539. Billon or bronze tremissis, DOC III-1 p. 321 & pl. XI, 40 (not in the collection); Wroth BMC p. 388, 61 (Leo III & Constantine V); Tolstoi 108 (same); SBCV -; Sommer -, gVF, blue-green on black patina, coppery high points, small edge crack, small encrustations, weight 1.318 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Pope Adriano, c. 772 - 775 A.D.; obverse DNO CONSTANT (Domino Constantine), facing bust of Constantine V, bearded, wearing crown with trefoil ornament, blundered combined chlamys and loros, and fibula with three pendants, globus cruciger in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse DNO LEO P A MYL (Domino Leon Perpetuo Augusto Multos Annos [carried over from Leo III]), facing bust of Leo IV, beardless, wearing crown with trefoil ornament, blundered combined chlamys and loros, and fibula with three pendants, globus cruciger in right hand, mappa in left hand, I- (11, meaning uncertain) across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection.; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Berk, H. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Calciati, R. Monete Bizantine di Bronzo della Sicilia. (Cairo, 2000).
Feg, F. Corpus of the Nomismata from Anastasius II to John I in Constantinople, 713 - 976. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. III, Part 1: Leo III to Michael III, 717-867. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Spahr, R. Le monete siciliane, dai Bizantini a Carlo I d' Angio (582 - 1282). (Graz, 1976).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Trivero, A. La monetazione di rame dela Sicilia bizantina (testo e archivio fotografico allegato). (Achao, 2006).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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