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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Trajan Decius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

Trajan Decius, a general under Philip I, successfully crushed the revolt of Pacatian. His troops forced him to assume the imperial dignity and although he still protested his loyalty, Philip advanced against him. Decius was victorious and Philip was killed. The Senate then recognized Decius as Emperor, giving him the attribute Traianus as a reference to that good emperor. As the Byzantine historian Zosimus later noted: "Decius was therefore clothed in purple and forced to undertake the government, despite his reluctance and unwillingness." Decius spent the rest of his short reign combating barbarians. Sometime in the first two weeks of June 251, Trajan Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus became the first Roman emperors to die in battle against a foreign enemy. Herennius died at his father's side, struck by an arrow. Decius survived the initial confrontation, only to be slain with the rest of the army before the end of the day.

|Trajan| |Decius|, |Trajan| |Decius,| |September| |249| |-| |June| |or| |July| |251| |A.D.||sestertius|
In 249, Trajan Decius put down a revolt in Moesia and Pannonia. After his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, he marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip the Arab
RB97218. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 124a (S), Banti 22, Hunter III 54, Cohen V 87, SRCV III 9407, VF, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, old bump on nose, weight 15.768 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Jul 249 - Jun or Jul 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate, cuirassed, slight drapery on far shoulder, bust right; reverse PANNONIAE, the two Pannoniae standing facing, looking away from each other, each holding a standard, S - C (senatus consulto) across fields; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00
 


Trajan Decius, September 249 - June or July 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

|Antioch|, |Trajan| |Decius,| |September| |249| |-| |June| |or| |July| |251| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Seleucis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria||tetradrachm|
Trajan Decius, a general under Philip I, was sent to crush the revolt of Pacatian but was forced by his troops to declare himself emperor. He defeated Philip in a great battle at Verona. Decius spent the rest of his short reign combating barbarians. In June 251, Trajan Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus became the first Roman emperors to die in battle against a foreign enemy. The obverse legend abbreviates the Emperor's name, Gaius Messius Quintus Decius.
RY93145. Billon tetradrachm, RPC IX 1607 (4 spec.), McAlee 1111 (v. rare), Prieur 510 (4 spec.), BMC Galatia -, Choice gVF, full borders on both sides, flow lines, light toning, light marks, small encrustation above head on obverse, tiny edge cracks, weight 12.018 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K ΓIA ME KYIN ∆EKKIOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (holder of Tribunitian power), eagle standing right on palm branch, wings spread, tail left, head right, wreath in beak, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; very rare; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00 ON RESERVE


Trajan Decius, September 249 - June or July 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

|Antioch|, |Trajan| |Decius,| |September| |249| |-| |June| |or| |July| |251| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Seleucis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria||tetradrachm|NEW
In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian King Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.
RY94930. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1120(b) (rare); Prieur 538 (10 spec.); Dura Coins 494; RPC Online IX 1634 (6 spec.); BMC Galatia p. 220, 580, VF, full border centering, flow lines, minor encrustation, uneven toning, slight porosity, weight 11.412 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Sep 249 - Jun/Jul 251 A.D.; obverse AVT K Γ ME KY ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC CEB, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, •• below bust; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (holder of Tribunitian power), eagle standing left on palm branch, head left, wings spread, wreath in beak, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; scarce; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
 


Trajan Decius, September 249 - June or July 251 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan| |Decius,| |September| |249| |-| |June| |or| |July| |251| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
In 249, Decius began persecuting the Christians and others refusing to participate in Emperor worship.
RX88862. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 2813; Dattari 5083; SNG Cop 735; Kampmann-Ganschow 79.15; Emmett 3642.1; BMC Alexandria p. 270, 2076 var. (...DEKIOCE), aVF, well centered, dark brown toning, areas of corrosion, edge cracks, weight 12.609 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, Sep 249 - 28 Aug 250 A.D.; obverse A K Γ M K TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Nike walking right, raising wreath tied with fillet in extended right hand, palm frond over left shoulder in left hand, L - A (year 1) divided across field; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


The Coinage of Trajan Decius (A.D. 249 - 251)

|Roman| |Coin| |Books|, |The| |Coinage| |of| |Trajan| |Decius| |(A.D.| |249| |-| |251)|
Please note that if you order 3 or more books and our shopping cart shipping charges add up to an excessive amount, we will reduce the shipping charge and only charge the actual cost of postage!
BL43194. The Coinage of Trajan Decius (AD 249 - 251) by Augustus Brown, published by the author c. 1960, 8vo, paperback, 20 pages plus one plate; $6.00 SALE |PRICE| $5.40
 







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCAESCMESSQDECIOTRAIAVG
IMPCAESCMESSTRAIQDECIOAVG
IMPCAESQTRAIANVSDECIVS
IMPCAETRADECAVG
IMPCAETRADECIVSAVG
IMPCDECIVSAVG
IMPCMQTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG
IMPTRAIANVSAVGDECIVS
IMPTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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