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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Jewish Revolts ▸ First Jewish RevoltView Options:  |  |  | 

The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

Discontent and inept rule led to open rebellion in 66 A.D. The Romans distracted by the Civil Wars following the death of Nero were unable to put a speedy end to the revolt. But, in 70 A.D. Titus, son of the new Emperor Vespasian captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.


Ascalon, Philistia, 76 - 77 A.D., Countermarked by Legio X Fretensis

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In 66 A.D., Legion X Fretensis moved to Judaea to suppress the revolt. In 68, the Xth destroyed the monastery of Qumran, where the Dead Sea Scrolls originated. In 70, the Xth camped on the Mount of Olives and used war machines to hurl 25 kg stones 400 meters at the ramparts of besieged Jerusalem. After a five month siege and the horrors of starvation, the city was taken and then completely destroyed. In the autumn of 72, the Xth, auxiliary troops, and thousands of Jewish prisoners erected a wall of circumvallation around Masada, the last Jewish stronghold. The Jewish defenders chose mass suicide before the final assault. After the revolt, the Xth was the sole legion in Judaea and garrisoned at Jerusalem. X Fretensis is recorded to have existed at least until the 410s.Legion X Camp

RP86850. Bronze AE 15, RPC II 2205; SNG ANS 683; Rosenberger 55; BMC Palestine p. 112, 54; c/m: cf. Howgego 733 (Jerusalem(?), c. 85 - 117 A.D.), F, a little rough, corrosion; countermark: VF, weight 1.894 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Ashkelon mint, 76 - 77 A.D.; obverse draped and veiled bust of Tyche right; countermark: LX (Legio X) in a rectangular punch; reverse war galley right, ΠP (year 180) over AΣ (Ashkelon) above; rare; $400.00 (340.00)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Antioch, Syria

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This coin was struck to pay Titus' legions and their expenses immediately after the Fall of Jerusalem at the end of the First Jewish Revolt. This disastrous revolt was triggered in 66 A.D. by a massacre of Jews and the desecration of the synagogue in Caesarea, where this coin was struck. On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.
RY87463. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 379, RPC II 1969, Prieur 140 (17 spec.), Wruck 100, BMC Galatia -, F, nice portrait, centered on a tight flan, toned, bumps and marks, eagle's head unstruck (damaged or filled die), weight 14.088 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 70 - 71 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP TITOΣ KAIΣ OUEΣΠ, laureate head right with aegis; reverse ETOYΣ Γ IEPOY (holy year 3[of Vespasian]), eagle standing left on palm frond, head left, wreath in beak, wings open, upright club to left; scarce; $200.00 (170.00)


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

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In 67, Jewish leaders in Jerusalem were divided by a power struggle, a brutal civil war erupted, the Zealots and the Sicarii executed anyone who tried to leave the city.
JD87704. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1360, Meshorer TJC 196, F, well centered, dark patina, scratches, weight 2.987 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse amphora with broad rim and two handles, year 2 (in Hebrew) around; reverse vine leaf on small branch, the freedom of Zion (in Hebrew) around; $120.00 (102.00)







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THE AMPHORA: THREE KINDS OF LIQUIDS WERE USED IN THE TEMPLE WATER, OIL AND WINE. WATER AND WINE WERE USED FOR LIBATION. OIL WAS USED FOR THE MEAL OFFERING, IN BREAD EATEN BY THE PRIESTS AND FOR LIGHTING. THE PUREST OIL WAS RESERVED FOR THE MENORAH. AT THE TIME OF THE FIRST JEWISH REVOLT, THE MENORAH WAS CONSIDERED TOO SACRED TO DEPICT ON COINS. THE AMPHORA DEPICTED MAY BE THE VESSEL THAT HELD THE OIL FOR THE MENORAH.



THE GRAPE AND GRAPE VIN
E: GRAPES, THE VINE AND WINE WERE AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE ANCIENT ECONOMY AND RITUAL. GRAPES WERE BROUGHT TO THE TEMPLE AS OFFERINGS OF THE FIRST-FRUITS AND WINE WAS OFFERED UPON THE ALTAR. THE VINE AND GRAPES DECORATED THE SACRED VESSELS IN THE SANCTUARY AND A GOLDEN VINE WITH CLUSTERS OF GRAPES STOOD AT ITS ENTRANCE

Catalog current as of Sunday, November 18, 2018.
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First Jewish Revolt