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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Licinius II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Licinius Junior, Caesar 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Licinius Junior, son of Licinius I, was made Caesar while still a small child. He was deposed after his father's defeat and executed in 326 A.D.


Lot of 5 Choice gVF+ Bronze Coins - Roman Emperor Licinius I and his son Licinius II, 308 - 324 A.D.

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Licinius I was a comrade of emperor Galerius in the Tetrarchic period. Following the abdication of Diocletian and Maximianus, Licinius was raised to the rank of Augustus despite never having held the position of Caesar. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius marched against him and defeated him soundly. Over the next few years, relations between Licinius and Constantine I deteriorated. Armed conflict broke out several times and Licinius was defeated. Only through the intervention of Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, was his life spared. However, shortly after he was executed for additional political machinations against Constantine. Licinius Junior, son of Licinius I, was made Caesar while still a small child. He was deposed after his father's defeat and executed in 326 A.D.
LT87367. Bronze Lot, 5 coins of Licinius and his son, 19.2 - 21.2 mm, Choice gVF+, excellent coins, well centered and struck with beautiful desert patinas, no specific identification, no tags or flips, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph; $160.00 (€140.80)
 


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Nicomedia was at the center of the Diocletianic Persecution of Christians which occurred under Diocletian and his Caesar Galerius. On 23 February 303 AD, the pagan festival of the Terminalia, Diocletian ordered that the newly-built church at Nicomedia be razed, its scriptures burnt, and its precious stones seized. The next day he issued his "First Edict Against the Christians," which ordered similar measures to be taken at churches across the Empire. At the end of the month a fire destroyed part of Diocletian's palace, followed 16 days later by another fire. Although an investigation was made into the cause of the fires, no party was officially charged, but Galerius placed the blame on the Christians. He oversaw the execution of two palace eunuchs, who he claimed conspired with the Christians to start the fire, followed by six more executions through the end of April 303. Soon after Galerius declared Nicomedia to be unsafe and ostentatiously departed the city for Rome, followed soon after by Diocletian.
RL91635. Billon follis, Hunter V 32 (also 5th officina), RIC VII Nicomedia 34 (R1), SRCV IV 15419, Cohen VII 39), aVF, well centered and struck, porosity, areas of corrosion, weight 3.201 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, palm frond left, pellet over E right, SMN in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $45.00 (€39.60)
 


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Nicomedia was at the center of the Diocletianic Persecution of Christians which occurred under Diocletian and his Caesar Galerius. On 23 February 303 AD, the pagan festival of the Terminalia, Diocletian ordered that the newly-built church at Nicomedia be razed, its scriptures burnt, and its precious stones seized. The next day he issued his "First Edict Against the Christians," which ordered similar measures to be taken at churches across the Empire. At the end of the month a fire destroyed part of Diocletian's palace, followed 16 days later by another fire. Although an investigation was made into the cause of the fires, no party was officially charged, but Galerius placed the blame on the Christians. He oversaw the execution of two palace eunuchs, who he claimed conspired with the Christians to start the fire, followed by six more executions through the end of April 303. Soon after Galerius declared Nicomedia to be unsafe and ostentatiously departed the city for Rome, followed soon after by Diocletian.
RL88810. Billon follis, Hunter V 32 (also 5th officina), RIC VII Nicomedia 34 (R1), SRCV IV 15419, Cohen VII 39, aVF, unusual portrait, porous, rough, weight 2.452 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), Jupiter standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, scepter in left hand, Victory presenting wreath standing on globe in Jupiter's right hand, palm frond left, pellet over E right, SMN in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $18.00 (€15.84)
 


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TS in the mintmark abbreviates Thessalonika. E is the Greek numeral five, for the 5th officina (mint workshop). The significance of the VI is uncertain. It may be a mark of value but that would make it difficult to explain why VII is found on some similar issues.
RL88780. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica 114 (R3), SRCV IV 15444, Cohen VII 8, Hunter V 23 var. (no star), aVF, well centered, dark patina, light scratches, coppery high points, earthen deposits, spots of porosity, weight 2.4171 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / V in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and closed the top with a star, TSEVI in exergue; scarce; $15.00 (€13.20)
 


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Parthia is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran that was the political and cultural base of the Arsacid dynasty, rulers of the Parthian Empire. The name "Parthia" is Latin, from Old Persian Parthava, the Parthian language self-designator signifying "of the Parthians."
RL88557. Billon follis, Hunter V 41 (also 4th officina) RIC VII Antioch 29 (S), SRCV IV 15415, Cohen VII 32, F, well centered, a little rough earthen encrustations, weight 1.713 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1 Mar 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, laureate consular bust right, holding globe and scepter over shoulder in left hand and mappa in right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS (to Jove the protector of the two Caesars), Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left hand, captive with a pointed Parthian cap and beard on left stooping left with hands tied behind back, ∆ right, SMANT in exergue; scarce; $14.00 (€12.32)
 


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Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciea to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mint marks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL88682. Billon follis, Hunter V 24 (also 4th officina), RIC VII Heraclea 19, SRCV IV 15420, Cohen VII 41, F, well centered, green patina, spots of corrosion, weight 1.901 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 318 - 320 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, small laureate, draped, bust left, globe and scepter in left hand, mappa in right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with three turrets, MHT∆ in exergue; $12.00 (€10.56)
 


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In 320, Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
RL88787. Billon follis, RIC VII Heraclea 31 (R2), SRCV IV 15422, Cohen VII 44, Hunter V -, aF, well centered, rough, silvering, weight 2.598 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 318 - 320 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, small laureate, draped, bust left, globe and scepter in left hand, mappa in right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with three turrets, pellet in right field, SMH∆ in exergue; scarce; $4.99 (€4.39)


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In 321 A.D., the Catholic Church was first allowed to hold property.
RL88782. Billon follis, Hunter V 27 (also 3rd officina), RIC VII Heraclea 54 (S), SRCV IV 15407, Cohen VII 21, aVF, porous, earthen encrustation, weight 2.922 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 321 - 18 Sep 324 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, shield in left hand and spear in right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical behind in left hand, eagle with wreath in beak at feet on left, captive seated right but looking left at feet on right, X/IIΓ in right field, SMHΓ in exergue; scarce; $.99 (€.87)







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNVALLICINLICINIVSNOBC
LICINIVSIVNNC
LICINIVSIVNNOBC
LICINIVSIVNNOBCAES
LICINIVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Réforme Monétaire de Dioclétien à la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318 - 337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Dioclétien a Constantin I (284 - 337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV...The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 16, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Licinius II