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Greek Imperial Coins, Volume 2, Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia)
BK23914. Greek Imperial Coins, volume 2, Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia) by Ivan Varbanov, hardback, English edition, 5492 Coins, 471 pages, international shipping at actual cost of shipping; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D., Augustus Reverse
When the Cotys VII, King of Thrace, died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became king. An ally of Augustus, the Roman Historian Tacitus described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, Augustus divided his realm, half for his son Cotys VIII and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. Tacitus states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of Thrace, while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.GB110716. Bronze AE 23, Youroukova 204; RPC I 1711; SNG Cop 1188; SNG Tübingen 972; BMC Thrace p. 209, 4; Weber 2743, VF, green patina, porosity, weight 9.792 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ POIMHTAΛKOY, jugate heads of Rhoemetalces I, diademed, and Queen Pythodoris right; reverse KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Augustus right; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Abdera, Thrace
Abdera flourished in ancient times mainly for two reasons: because of the large area of their territory and their highly strategic position. The city controlled two great road passages (one of Nestos river and other through the mountains north of Xanthi). From their ports passed the sea road, which from Troas led to the Thracian and then the Macedonian coast. The ruins of the town may still be seen on Cape Balastra; they cover seven small hills.RP113193. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online II 355 (9 spec.); SNG Cop 386; AMNG II 248, Mouchmov 2468, F, full legends, green patina, areas of corrosion, weight 2.365 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera (Greece) mint, 1 Jul 69 - 24 Jun 79 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPATOPI• - OYECΠACIANΩ, laureate head right; reverse ABΔHPETAI•, Nike standing left, wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand; from the Michael Arslan Collection; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
Diadumenian, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.RP112583. Bronze diassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 22.214.171.124 (R6); AMNG I/I 793; Varbanov 1332 (R4), nice VF, dark green patina, nice portrait, central depressions, rev. off center, small patina chips, weight 4.800 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, as caesar, 11 Apr 217 - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; obverse M OΠEΛΛIOC ANTΩNEINOC, bare head right; reverse MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Nemesis standing half left, head left scales in right hand, cornucopia and lorum in left hand, wheel at feet left; from the Collection of Dr. Jüregen Buschek; $80.00 SALE PRICE $64.00
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius, Perinthus, Thrace
Perinthos, later called Heraclea and Marmara Eregli today, is 90 km west of Istanbul near a small pointed headland on the north shore of the Marmara Sea. It is said to have been a Samian colony, founded about 599 B.C. It is famous chiefly for its stubborn and successful resistance to Philip II of Macedon in 340 B.C.; at that time it seems to have been more important than Byzantium itself. In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by Claudius as the Roman province of Thracia. Perinthus was made the capital of Roman Thracia.RP111715. Bronze AE 27, RPC Online IV.1 T8666 (10 spec.); Schönert Perinthos pl. 24, 436; BMC Thrace p. 15, 25; Varbanov III 140, F, centered on a broad flan, dark brown tone, porosity, a few scattered pits, weight 6.523 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, obverse ΦAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust of Faustina II right, hair waved and coiled on back of head; reverse ΠEPINΘIΩN, Homonoia standing slightly left, head left, wearing kalathos, patera in right hand over altar to left, cornucopia in left hand; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D., Deultum, Thrace
The Three Graces, named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of Aphrodite (Venus). They are shown on Roman provincial coins as a statuary group, nude and sometimes holding apples.RP99940. Bronze AE 24, RPC Online VI T740, Jurukova Deultum 107, Draganov, Deultum 405, Varbanov II 2252, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, aF, green patina, near centered on a tight flan, scratches, central dimples, weight 8.625 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Feb/Mar 235 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse COL FL PAC DEVLT, the Three Graces standing facing with arms around each other; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius, Hadrianopolis, Thrace
Homonoia was the goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. She is usually depicted either seated or standing with a cornucopia.RP112998. Bronze AE 22, Varbanov II 3227, CN Type 5668, Moushmov 2529, RPC Online IV.1 -, F, green patina, light marks, weight 5.149 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D; obverse ΦAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse AΔPIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Homonoia standing facing, head left, phiale in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50
Maroneia, Thrace, Roman Rule, 146 - 45 B.C.
Wandering the world in a panther-drawn chariot, Dionysus rode ahead of the maenads and satyrs, who sang loudly and danced, flushed with wine. They were profusely garlanded with ivy and held the thyrsus, a staff topped with a pine-cone, a symbol of the immortality of his believers. Everywhere he went he taught men how to cultivate vines, and the mysteries of his cult. Whoever stood in his way and refused to revere him was punished with madness.SH26988. Silver tetradrachm, BMC Thrace p. 128, 53; SNG Cop 637 ff. var. (monograms); SGCV I 1635 var. (same), gVF, weight 15.749 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, 146 - 45 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse ΔIONYΣOY ΣΩTHPOΣ MAPONITΩN, Dionysos standing half left, nude, bunch of grapes in right, two narthex stalks and cloak in left, ΩΠΕ monogram lower left, EY monogram lower right; SOLD
Maroneia, Thrace, Roman Rule, 146 - 45 B.C.
Hadrian refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the area around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by Constantine I in 323, and Valens was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH26991. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 637 var. (right monogram); BMC Thrace p. 128, 60 var. (same); SGCV I 1635 var. (same), gVF, weight 15.953 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, 146 - 45 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse ΔIONYΣOY ΣΩTHPOΣ MAPONITΩN, Dionysos standing half left, nude, bunch of grapes in right, two narthex stalks and cloak in left, ΩΠAΨ monogram lower left, ΘA monogram lower right; scrape behind the ear; SOLD
Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis II (III), 211 - 228 A.D., Caracalla Reverse
The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the Bosphorus beside Istanbul). The mixed population adopted Greek language and civilization. The prosperity of the kingdom was based on the export of wheat, fish and slaves. The kingdom's golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and expanded his state to include the entire Crimea. It was the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, lasting until it was overrun by the Huns c. 375 A.D.SH53612. Electrum stater, MacDonald Bosporus 556/1, aVF, weight 7.656 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 216 - 217 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEWC PHCKOVΠOPIΔOC, diademed and draped bust right, sword before; reverse laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right, ΓIΦ (year 513) below; SOLD
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Mionnet, T. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1806-1837).
Mouchmov, N. Antichnitie Moneti na Balkanskitiia Poluostrov i Monetite Tsare. (1912).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
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Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1990). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 2: Taurische Chersones-Korkyra. (Berlin, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).
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